, Volume 51, Issue 5, pp 499–519 | Cite as

Quaternary tectonics of recent basins in northwestern Armenia

  • V. G. TrifonovEmail author
  • E. A. Shalaeva
  • L. Kh. Saakyan
  • D. M. Bachmanov
  • V. A. Lebedev
  • Ya. I. Trikhunkov
  • A. N. Simakova
  • A. V. Avagyan
  • A. S. Tesakov
  • P. D. Frolov
  • V. P. Lyubin
  • E. V. Belyaeva
  • A. V. Latyshev
  • D. V. Ozherelyev
  • A. A. Kolesnichenko


New data on the stratigraphy, faults, and formation history of lower to middle Pleistocene rocks in Late Cenozoic basins of northwestern Armenia are presented. It has been established that the low-mountain topography created by tectonic movements and volcanic activity existed in the region by the onset of the Pleistocene. The manifestations of two geodynamic structure-forming factors became clear in Pleistocene: (i) collisional interaction of plates due to near-meridional compression and (ii) deep tectogenesis and magma formation expressed in the distribution of vertical movements and volcanism. The general uplift of the territory, which was also related to deep processes, reached 350–500 m in basins and 600–800 m in mountain ranges over the last 0.5 Ma. The early Pleistocene (~1.8 Ma) low- and medium-mountain topography has been reconstructed by subtraction of the latest deformations and uplift of the territory. Ancient human ancestry appeared at that time.


lower and medium Pleistocene faults flexure basin uplift volcanism early Paleolithic 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. G. Trifonov
    • 1
    Email author
  • E. A. Shalaeva
    • 1
  • L. Kh. Saakyan
    • 2
  • D. M. Bachmanov
    • 1
  • V. A. Lebedev
    • 4
  • Ya. I. Trikhunkov
    • 1
  • A. N. Simakova
    • 1
  • A. V. Avagyan
    • 2
  • A. S. Tesakov
    • 1
  • P. D. Frolov
    • 1
  • V. P. Lyubin
    • 3
  • E. V. Belyaeva
    • 3
  • A. V. Latyshev
    • 5
  • D. V. Ozherelyev
    • 6
  • A. A. Kolesnichenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Geological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Geological SciencesNational Academy of Sciences, Republic of ArmeniaYerevanArmenia
  3. 3.Institute of the History of Material CultureRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy, and GeochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Institute of Physics of the EarthRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  6. 6.Institute of ArcheologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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