, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 3–26 | Cite as

Tectonics of the South Anyui Suture, Northeastern Asia

  • S. D. SokolovEmail author
  • M. I. Tuchkova
  • A. V. Ganelin
  • G. E. Bondarenko
  • P. Layer


The South Anyui Suture separates the structures of the Chukotka and Verkhoyansk-Kolyma Fold Areas. The suture consists of ophiolites, island-arc rocks, deformed Upper Triassic and Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous turbidites, and accretionary-type terrigenous melange with blocks of oceanic crust. Two main stages in the geological history of the South Anyui Suture are distinguished: (1) the oceanic stage (Paleozoic-onset of Late Jurassic), when the vast Protoarctic ocean with ensimatic island arcs existed, and (2) the collisional stage (Volgian Age-Early Cretaceous) that started with the transformation of the ocean into the residual and closing South Anyui turbidite basin and was completed by the formation of a fold-nappe structure in the Hauterivian-Barremian. In the course of collision, the oceanic and island complexes were thrust to the north over the passive margin of Chukchi Peninsula. The thrusting was followed by the formation of south-vergent retrocharriages and then by final strike-slip faulting. In the Aptian-Albian, collision gave way to extension with the formation of metamorphic cores and superposed orogenic basins.


geodynamics collision South Anyui Suture ophiolites turbidite island arc Paleozoic Mesozoic 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    N. A. Bogdanov and S. M. Tilman, Tectonics and Geodynamics of Northeastern Asia (Explanatory Notes to the Tectonic Map of Northeastern Asia on a Scale of 1: 5000000) (Inst. of Lithosphere, Moscow, 1992).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. E. Bondarenko, Tectonics and geodynamics of evolution of the Mesozoides in northern framework of the Pacific Ocean, Doctoral Dissertation in Geology and Mineralogy, (Moscow State Univ., Moscow, 2004).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yu. M. Bychkov, Triassic in Northeastern Russia, Doctoral Dissertation in Geology and Mineralogy, (Northeast Interdisciplinary Science Research Inst., Magadan, 1994).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. A. Vernikovsky, Geodynamic Evolution of the Taimyr Fold Region (OIGGM, Novosibirsk, 1996).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. V. Ganelin, “Geochemistry and geodynamic significance of the dike series of the Aluchin ophiolite complex, Verkhoyansk-Chukotka fold zone, Northeast Russia,” Geochem. Int. 49(7), 654–675 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. V. Ganelin and S. A. Silant’ev, “Gabbroids of the Gromadnensky-Vurguveem peridotite-gabbro massif (western Chukotka) and their geodynamic significance,” Dokl. Earth Sci. 394(1), 10–13 (2004).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. V. Ganelin, S. D. Sokolov, O. L. Morozov, P. Layer, and J. Hourigan, “Dike complexes in ophiolites of the South Anyui Suture: geodynamic implications,” Dokl. Earth Sci. 388(1), 26–29 (2003).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Geodynamics, Magmatism, and Metallogeny of Eastern Russia (Dal’nauka, Vladivostok, 2006), Book 1.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yu. M. Dovgal, A. Ya. Radzivill, V. A. Titov, and M. D. Chasovitin, “Tectonics of the Anyui-Oloi interfluve,” in Proceedings of Geology and Mineral Resources in the Northeast of the USSR (Knizhnoe Izdatel’stvo, Magadan, 1966), No. 18, pp. 294–295.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. P. Zonenshain, M. I. Kuz’min, and L. M. Natapov, Tectonics of Lithospheric Plates in the USSR Territory (Nedra, Moscow, 1990).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yu. A. Kosygin, V. N. Voevodin, N. G. Zhitkov, and V. A. Solov’ev, “East Chukotka volcanic zone and tectonic nature of volcanic belts,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 216(4), 885–888 (1974).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. K. Kos’ko, East Arctic shelf of Russia: Geology and tectonic principles of petroleum geological regionalization, Doctoral Dissertation in Geology and Mineralogy, (St. Petersburg State Univ., 2007).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    E. A. Korago, “Igneous associations in the Bol’shoy Anui River basin as indicators of geodynamic settings of the past and long discrete evolution of the South Anyui Fold Zone,” in Magmatism and Metamorphism of Northeastern Asia. Proceedings of the 4th Regional Petrographic Conference on Northeastern Russia (Knizhnoe Izdatel’stvo, Magadan, 2000), pp. 187–190.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. P. Lychagin, “The Aluchin massif and problems of ophiolitic ultramafic rocks and gabbro in Mesozoides of the northeastern USSR,” Tikhookean. Geol., No. 5, 33–41 (1985).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    P. P. Lychagin, “Volcanic associations of the South Anyui Fold Zone,” in Magmatism and Mineralization in the Northeast of Russia (Knizhnoe Izdatel’stvo, Magadan, 1997), pp. 17–33.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    P. P. Lychagin, Yu. A. Kolyasnikov, E. A. Korago, and V. B. Likman, Petrology of the Uyamkanda layered mafic-ultramafic massif, South Anyui Fold Zone, Preprint of Northeast Interdisciplinary Science Research Institute (Magadan, 1992), pp. 6–17.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    B. A. Natal’in, Early Mesozoic Eugeosynclinal Systems in the Northern Circum-Pacific (Nauka, Moscow, 1984).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    L. M. Natapov and E. P. Surmilova, “Position and nature of the Okhotsk massif,” Otechestvennaya Geol., No. 2, 49–53 (1995).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    V. S. Oksman, Tectonics of the Chersky Collisional Belt, Northeastern Asia (GEOS, Moscow, 2000).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    V. S. Oksman, A. V. Ganelin, S. D. Sokolov, O. L. Morozov, F. F. Tret’yakov, and S. A. Silant’ev, “Ophiolitic belts of Arctic regions in the Verkhoyansk-Chukotka orogenic region: geodynamic formation model,” Tikhookean. Geol. 22(6), 62–75 (2003).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Parfenov, L.M., Continental Margins and Island Arcs of Mesozoides in Northeastern Asia (Novosibirsk, Nauka, 1984).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    L. M. Parfenov and B. A. Natal’in, “Tectonic evolution of Northeastern Asia in Mesozoic and Cenozoic,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 235(5), 1132–1135 (1977).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    L. M. Parfenov, L. M. Natapov, S. D. Sokolov, and N. V. Tsukanov, “Terranes and accretionary tectonics of Northeastern Asia,” Geotektonika 27(1), 68–78 (1993).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    G. V. Pinus and V. E. Sterligova, “A new belt of Alpinetype ultramafic rocks in the northeastern USSR and some geological formation trends of ultramafic belts,” Geol. Geofiz. 14(12), 109–111 (1973).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. Ya. Radzivill and V. Ya. Radzivill, “Late Jurassic igneous rocks of the South Anyui Trough,” in Magmatism of Northeastern Asia (Knizhnoe Izdatel’stvo, Magadan, 1975), Part 2, pp. 71–80.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    L. A. Savostin, L. M. Natapov, and A. P. Stavsky, “Mesozoic paleogeodynamics and paleogeography of Arctic Region. Paleogeography,” in Reports on the 27th IGC Congress (Moscow, 1984), pp. 172–187.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    K. B. Seslavinsky, “The South Anyui Suture (western Chukchi Peninsula),” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 249(5), 1181–1185 (1979).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    V. I. Sizykh, V. A. Ignat’ev, L. D. Shkol’ny, D. G. Berlimble, V. P. Fomin, R. S. Redyuk, and R. S. Sukhina, “New data on stratigraphy and tectonics of the left-bank Malyi Anyui area,” in Proceedings on Geology and Mineral Resources of the Northeastern USSR (1977), Book 1, No. 23, pp. 29–34.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    S. D. Sokolov, “Accretionary tectonics: The state of the art,” Geotectonics 37(1), 1–14 (2003).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    S. D. Sokolov, G. E. Bondarenko, O. L. Morozov, and V. N. Grigor’ev, “Zone of the Asian continent-north-western Pacific transition in the Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous,” in Theoretical and Regional Geodynamics (Nauka, Moscow, 1999), pp. 30–84.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    S. D. Sokolov, G. E. Bondarenko, M. I. Tuchkova, and P. Layer, “Tectonic position and origin of volcanic-sedimentary rocks of the Polyarny Uplift (South Anyui Suture, Western Chukotka),” Dokl. Earth Sci. 411(1), 1199–1202 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    S. D. Sokolov, A. N. Didenko, V. N. Grigor’ev, M. V. Aleksyutin, G. E. Bondarenko, and K. A. Krylov, “Paleotectonic reconstructions for northeastern Russia: Problems and uncertainties,” Geotectonics 31(6), 498–515 (1997).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    S. D. Sokolov, G. V. Ledneva, and V. L. Pease, “New data on the age and genesis of igneous rocks in the Kolyuchinsky Gulf Guba, eastern Chukotka,” Dokl. Earth Sci. 425(2), 384–388 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Tectonics, Geodynamics, and Metallogeny of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Ed. by L. M. Parfenov and M. I. Kuz’min (Nauka, Moscow, 2001).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Tectonics of Continental Margins of the Northwestern Pacific Ocean (Nauka, Moscow, 1980).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    G. A. Tynankergav and Yu. M. Bychkov, “Upper Triassic cherty-volcanic-terrigenous rocks of the western Chukchi Peninsula,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 296(3), 698–700 (1987).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    V. I. Ustritsky and A. I. Khramov, “Geological history of Arctic Region in terms of plate tectonics,” in Geology of the USSR: Localization of Mineral Resources. (Nedra, Leningrad, 1984), Vol. 9, pp. 253–265.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    G. B. Fershtater and F. Bea, “Geochemical typification of Ural ophiolites,” Geochem. Int. 34(3), 171–193 (1996).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    A. D. Chekhov, Tectonic Evolution of Northeastern Asia (Nauka, Moscow, 2000).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    M. N. Shapiro and V. G. Ganelin, “Paleotectonic relationships of large blocks in Mesozoides of the north-eastern USSR,” Geotektonika 22(5), 94–104 (1988).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    L. Ya. Sharas’kin, Tectonics and Magmatism of Marginal Seas in Connection with Evolution of the Crust and Mantle (Nauka, Moscow, 1992).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    V. A. Shekhovtsov and S. P. Glotov, State Geological Map of the Russian Federation on a Scale of 1: 200000, 2nd ed., Oloi Series, Map Sheets Q-58-XI, -XII. Explanatory Notes, Ed. by S. D. Sokolov (2001).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    S. G. Byalobzhesky, N. A. Goryachev, B. F. Palymsky, V. M. Kuznetsov, and A. S. Salnikov, Tectonics and Metallogeny of Northern Circum-Pacific and East Asia (Inst. Tectonics and Geophysics, Khabarovsk, 2007).Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    M. P. Cecile, L. S. Lane, M. K. Kos’ko, Yu. M. Bychkov, O. N. Vinogradova, and M. E. Gorodinsky, “Joint visit of Canadian and Soviet scientists to the northeastern Soviet Union,” Episodes 14(2), 125–130 (1991).Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    M. Churkin and I. Trexler, “Circum-Arctic plate accretion-Isolating part of a Pacific Plate to form the nucleus of the Arctic Basin,” Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 48, 356–362 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    D. S. Cowan, “Structural style in Mesozoic and Cenozoic melanges in the Western Cordillera of North America,” Geo-Mar. Lett. 96, 451–462 (1985).Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    A. F. Embry and J. Dixon, “The breakup unconformity of the Amerasia Basin, Arctic Ocean: evidence from Arctic Canada,” Geo-Mar. Lett. 102(11), 1526–1534 (1990).Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    K. Fujita and J. T. Newberry, “Tectonic evolution of northeastern Siberia and adjacent regions,” Tectonophysics 89, 337–357 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    J. Golonka, “Phanerozoic palaeoenvironment and palaeolithofacies maps of the Arctic Region,” in Arctic Petroleum Geology, Ed. by A. M. Spencer, A. F. Embry, D. L. Gautier, A. V. Stoupakova, and K. Sorensen (Geol. Soc. London Mem., 2011), Vol. 35, pp. 79–129.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    A. Grantz, S. D. May, and L. A. Lawver, “Canada Basin,” in The Geology of North America, Vol. 50: The Arctic Ocean Region, Ed. by A. Grantz, G. L. Johnson, and J. F. Sweeney (Geological Society of America, Boulder, 1990), pp. 379–402.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    T. W. C. Hilde, S. Ueyeda, and L. Kroenke, “Evolution of the Western Pacific and its margin,” Tectonophysics 38(1/2), 145–165 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    R. W. Kay and R. G. Senechal, “The rare earth geochemistry of the Troodos ophiolite complex,” J. Geophys. Res. 81(5), 964–970 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    M. Kos’ko and E. Korago, “Review of geology of the New Siberian Islands between the Laptev and the East Siberian seas, northeast Russia,” in Stephen Mueller Special Publication Series. Geology, Geophysics, and Tectonics of Northeastern Russia: A tribute to Leonid Parfenov (2009), Vol. 4, pp. 45–64. Scholar
  54. 54.
    A. B. Kuzmichev, “Where does the South Anyui Suture go in the New Siberian Islands and Laptev Sea?” Tectonophysics 463, 86–108 (2009). doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2008.09.017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    G. V. Ledneva, V. L. Pease, and S. D. Sokolov, “Permo-Triassic hypabyssal mafic intrusions and associated tholeiitic basalts of the Kolyuchinskaya Bay, Chukotka (NE Russia): Links to the Siberian LIP,” J. Asian Earth Sci. 40, 737–745 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    B. Natal’in, J. M. Amato, J. Toro, and J. E. Wright, “Paleozoic rocks of the Northern Chukchi Peninsula, Russian Far East: implications for the tectonics of the Arctic Region,” Tectonics 18(6), 977–1004 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    W. J. Nokleberg, L. M. Parfenov, J. W. H. Monger, B. V. Baranov, S. G. Byalobzhesky, T. K. Bundtzen, N. D. Feeney, K. Fujita, S. P. Gordey, A. Grantz, A. I. Khanchuk, B. A. Natal’in, L. M. Natapov, I. O. Norton, W. W. Patton, Jr., G. Plafker, D. W. Scholl, S. D. Sokolov, G. M. Sosunov, D. B. Stone, R. W. Tabor, N. V. Tzukanov, T. L. Vallier, and K. Wakita, Circum-North Pacific Tectonostratigraphic Terrane Map, Scale, 1: 5000000, U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 94-714, 1994.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    W. J. Nokleberg, L. M. Parfenov, J. W. H. Monger, I. O. Norton, A. I. Khanchuk, D. B. Stone, D. W. Scholl, and K. Fujita, Phanerozoic Tectonic Evolution the Circum-North Pacific, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-754, 1998.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    S. D. Sokolov, G. Ye. Bondarenko, O. L. Morozov, V. A. Shekhovtsov, S. P. Glotov, A. V. Ganelin, and I. R. Kravchenko-Berezhnoy, “The South Anyui Suture: facts and problems to solve,” in Tectonic Evolution of the Bering Shelf-Chukchi Sea-Arctic Margin and Adjacent Landmasses, Ed. by E. L. Miller, S. Klemperer, and A. Grantz (Geol. Soc. America 2002), Vol. 360, pp. 209–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    S. Sun and W. McDonough, “Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts: implications for mantle composition and processes,” in Magmatism in the Ocean Basins, Ed. by A. D. Saunders and M. J. Norry (Geol. Soc. London Spec. Publ., London, 1989), Vol. 42, pp. 313–345.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. D. Sokolov
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. I. Tuchkova
    • 1
  • A. V. Ganelin
    • 1
  • G. E. Bondarenko
    • 2
  • P. Layer
    • 3
  1. 1.Geological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.OAO N K Rosneft OAOMoscowRussia
  3. 3.University of AlaskaKoyukuk DriveUSA

Personalised recommendations