, Volume 48, Issue 2, pp 122–138 | Cite as

Rate of collisional deformation in Kamchatsky Peninsula, Kamchatka

  • A. I. KozhurinEmail author
  • T. K. Pinegina
  • V. V. Ponomareva
  • E. A. Zelenin
  • P. G. Mikhailyukova


Detailed data are discussed on the rate of Holocene horizontal and vertical movements along a fault in the southeastern Kamchatsky Peninsula, which is situated between the converging Aleutian and Kamchatka island arcs. The fault is the northern boundary of the block invading into the peninsula under pressure of the Komandorsky Block of the Aleutian arc. The rate of right-lateral slip along the fault was increasing in the Holocene and reached 18–19 mm/yr over the last 2000 years and 20 mm/yr by contemporary time. Comparison of these estimates with those that follow from offsets of older rocks also indicates acceleration of horizontal movements along the fault from the early Quaternary to the present. The results obtained from rates of GPS station migration show that about half the rate of the northwestern drift of the Komandorsky Block is consumed for movement of the block of the southern side of the fault. The remainder of movement of the Komandorsky Block is consumed for movements (probably, underthrusting) at the eastern continental slope of the Kamchatsky Peninsula.


active fault displacement rate Kamchatka-Aleutian arc collision 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    B. V. Baranov, C. Gaedicke, R. Freitag, and K. A. Dozorova, “Active faults of the southeastern Kamchatka Peninsula and Komandorsky Shear Zone,” Vest. KRAUNTs, Nauki o Zemle 16, No. 2, pp. 66–77 (2010).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. E. Basilyan and M. E. Bylinskaya, “The shelf of the Kamchatsky Cape, eastern Kamchatka, in the late Pliocene and early Quaternary (Ol’khovaya time),” Stratigr. Geol. Correlation 5(3), 281–289 (1997).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. K. Bakhteev, O. A. Morozov, and S. R. Tikhomirova, “Paragenesis of structural elements in the junction zone of the Kurile-Kamchatka and Aleutian island arcs,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Geol. Razved., No. 3, 18–25 (1992).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    State Geological Map of the Russian Federation, Scale 1: 200000, East Kamchatka Series, Map Sheets O-58-XXVI, -XXXI, -XXXII, Ust-Kamchatsk. Explanatory Notes, 2nd ed. (VSEGEI, St. Petersburg, 2007) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    V. P. Zenkovich, Principles of Science on Development of Marine Shores (USSR Acad. Sci., Moscow, 1962) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. I. Kozhurin, “Young strike-slip faults in the Kumroch Range and Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, East Kamchatka,” Tikhookean. Geol. 9(6), 45–55 (1990).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. I. Kozhurin, “Quaternary tectonics of the Kumroch Range and Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, East Kamchatka,” Geotektonika 19(2), 76–87 (1985).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. I. Kozhurin and T. K. Pinegina, Active faulting of the Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula as manifestation of Kamchatka and Aleutian island arcs, in Proceedings of the All-Russia Conference on Problems of Seismotectonics, September 20–24, 2011 (Inst. Physics Earth, Moscow, 2011), Vol. 4, pp. 260–263 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. M. Pevzner, V. V. Ponomareva, and I. V. Melekestsev, “Cherny Yar, a reference section of Holocene key ashes at the northeastern shore of Kamchatka,” Vulkanol. Seismol., No. 4, 3–18 (1997).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. K. Pinegina, A. I. Kozhurin, and V. V. Ponomareva, “Estimation of seismic and thsunami hazard for Ust-Kamchatsk settlement (Kamchatka) from results of paleoseismological studies,” Vestnik KRAUNTs, Nauki o Zemle, No. 1, 138–159 (2012).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. K. Pinegina, E. A. Kravchunovskaya, A. V. Lander, A. I. Kozhurin, J. Bourgeois, and E. M. Martin, “Holocene vertical movements of the shore of Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula from the study of marine terraces,” Vestnik KRAUNTs, Nauki o Zemle, No. 1, 100–116 (2010).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    N. I. Seliverstov, “Structure of junction zone of the Kurile-Kamchatka and Aleutian island arcs from the data of continuous seismic profiling,” Vulkanol. Seismol., No. 2, 53–67 (1983).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    N. I. Seliverstov, V. M. Sugrobov, and F. A. Yanovsky, “Geological structure and evolution of the Komandorsky Basin from the results of Geophysical Research,” Vulkanol. Seismol., No. 1, 38–53 (1995).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    N. N. Titkov, V. F. Bakhtiarov, A. V. Lander, and V. A. Poletaev, “Estimation of deformation and displacement from the results of observation in the Kamchatka GPS network,” in Seismicity and Recent Geodynamics of the Far East and Eastern Siberia (Inst. Tectonics Geophysics, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Khabarovsk, 2010), p. 312 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. Arai, T. Iwasaki, H. Sato, S. Abe, and N. Hirata, “Collision and subduction structure of the Izu-Bonin arc, central Japan, revealed by refraction/wide-angle reflection analysis,” Tectonophysics 475, 438–453 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    B. V. Baranov, N. I. Seliverstov, A. V. Muravev, and E. L. Muzurov, “The Komandorsky Basin as a product of spreading behind a transform plate boundary,” Tectonophysics 199, 237–269 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. J. Becker, D. T. Sandwell, W. H. F. Smith, J. Braud, B. Binder, J. Depner, D. Fabre, J. Factor, S. Ingalls, S.-H. Kim, R. Ladner, K. Marks, S. Nelson, A. Pharaoh, G. Sharman, R. Trimmer, J. von Rosenburg, G. Wallace, and P. Weatherall, “Global bathymetry and elevation data at 30 arc seconds resolution: SRTM30-PLUS,” Mar. Geod. 32(4), 355–371 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Bourgeois, T. K. Pinegina, V. V. Ponomareva, and N. E. Zaretskaia, “Holocene tsunamis in the southwestern Bering Sea, Russian Far East and their tectonic implications,” Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 11, 449–463 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    O. A. Braitseva, V. V. Ponomareva, L. D. Sulerzhitsky, and I. V. Melekestsev, and J. Bailey, “Holocene keymarker tephra layers in Kamchatka, Russia,” Quaternary Res. 47, 125–139 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. Bürgmann, M. G. Kogan, G. M. Steblov, G. Hilley, and V. E. Levin, and E. Apel, “Interseismic coupling and asperity distribution along the Kamchatka subduction zone,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, No. B07405. doi: 10.1029/2005JB003648Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    V. F. Cormier, “Tectonics near the junction of the Aleutian and Kuril-Kamchatka arcs and a mechanism for middle Tertiary magmatism in the Kamchatka Basin,” Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 86, 443–453 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    C. DeMets, “Oblique convergence and deformation along the Kuril and Japan trenches,” J. Geophys. Res. 97, 17615–17625 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    C. DeMets and T. H. Dixon, “New kinematic models for Pacific-North America motion from 3 Ma to present, I: evidence of steady motion and biases in the NUVEL-1A model,” Geophys. Rev. Lett. 26(13), 1921–1924 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    C. DeMets, R. G. Gordon, D. F. Argus, and S. Stein, “Effect of recent revisions of the geomagnetic reversal timescale on estimates of Curren Plate motions,” Geophys. Rev. Lett. 21, 2191–2194 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    C. DeMets, R. G. Gordon, D. F. Argus, and S. Stein, “Current plate motions,” Geophys. J. Int. 101, 425–478 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    T. J. Fitch, “Plate convergence, transcurrent faults, and internal deformation adjacent to southeast Asia and the western Pacific,” J. Geophys. Res. 77, 4432–4460 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    R. Freitag, C. Gaedicke, B. Baranov, and N. Tsukanov, “Collisional processes at the junction of the Aleutian-Kamchatka arcs: new evidence from fission track analysis and field observations,” Terra Nova 13, 433–442 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    C. Gaedicke, B. Baranov, N. Seliverstov, D. Alexeiev, N. Tsukanov, and R. Freitag, “Structure of an active arc-continent collision area: the Aleutian-Kamchatka junction,” Tectonophysics 325, 63–85 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    E. L. Geist and D. W. Scholl, “Large-scale deformation related to the collision of the Aleutian arc with Kamchatka,” Tectonics 13, 538–560 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    A. Hubert-Ferrari, R. Armijo, G. King, and B. Meyer, “Morphology, displacement, and slip rates along the North Anatolian Fault, Turkey,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(B10), ETG 9-1-9.33.223. (2002). doi: 10.1029/2001JB000393Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    T. Ito, “Active faulting, lower crustal delamination and ongoing Hidaka arc-arc collision, Hokkaido, Japan,” in Seismotectonics in Convergent Plate Boundary, Ed. by Y. Fujinawa and A. Yoshida (TERRAPUB, Tokio, 2002), pp. 219–224.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    G. Kimura, “Collision orogeny at arc-arc junctions in the Japanese Islands,” The Island Arc, No. 5, 262–275 (1996).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    G. Kimura, “Oblique subduction and collision: Forearc tectonics of the Kuril Arc,” Geology 14, 404–407 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    A. I. Kozhurin, “Active faulting in the Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, Kamchatka-Aleutian junction,” In Volcanism and Subduction: The Kamchatka Region (AGU Geophys. Monograph Series, 2007), Vol. 172, pp. 263–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    A. I. Kozhurin, V. Acocella, P. R. Kyle, et al., “Trenching studies of active faults in Kamchatka, eastern Russia: paleoseismic, tectonic and hazard implications,” Tectonophysics 417, 285–304 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    D. J. Lowe, “Tephrochronology and its application: A review,” Quat. Geochronol. 6, 107–153 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    T. N. Niemi and N. T. Hall, “Late Holocene slip rate and recurrence of great earthquakes on the San Andreas Fault in northern California,” Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 20(3), 195–198 (1992).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Paleoseismology, 1st ed., Ed. by J. P. McCalpin (Elsevier, 1996).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Paleoseismology, 2nd ed., Ed. by J. P. McCalpin (Academic Press, 2009).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    K. Pedoja, C. Authemayou, T. Pinegina, J. Bourgeois, M. Nexer, B. Delcaillau, and V. Regard, “Arc-continent collision” of the Aleutian-Komandorsky arc into Kamchatka: insight into Quaternary tectonic segmentation through Pleistocene marine terraces and morphometric analysis of fluvial drainage,” Tectonics 32(4), 821–1025 (2013). doi: 10.1002/tect.20051Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    K. Pedoja, J. Bourgeois, T. Pinegina, and B. Higman, “Does Kamchatka belong to North America? An extruding Okhotsk Block suggested by coastal neotectonics of the Ozernoi Peninsula, Kamchatka, Russia,” Geology 34(5), 353–356 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    T. K. Pinegina, J. Bourgeois, E. A. Kravchunovskaya, A. V. Lander, M. E. M. Arcos, and K. Pedoja, and B. T. MacInnes, “A nexus of plate interaction: segmented vertical movement of Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula (Kamchatka) based on Holocene aggradational marine terraces,” Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 125(9/10), 1554–1568 (2013). doi: 10.1130/B30793.1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    V. Ponomareva, M. Portnyagin, A. Derkachev, I. F. Pendea, J. Bourgeois, P. J. Reimer, D. Garbe-Schönberg, S. Krasheninnikov, and D. Nürnberg, “Early Holocene M ∼ 6 explosive eruption from Plosky volcanic massif (Kamchatka) and its tephra as a link between terrestrial and marine paleoenvironmental records,” Int. J. Earth Sci. 102(6), 1673–1699 (2013). doi: 10.1007/s00531-013-0898-0CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    G. F. Sella, T. H. Dixon, and A. Mao, “REVEL: A model for recent plate rates from space geodesy,” J. Geophys. Res.: Solid Earth 107(B4), ETG 11-1–ETG 11-30 (2002).Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    K. E. Sieh, “Holocene rate of slip and tentative recurrence interval for large earthquakes on the San Andreas Fault, Cajon Pass, southern California,” Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 96(6), 793–812 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    H. Yamazaki, “Tectonics of a plate collision along the northern margin of Izu Peninsula, Central Japan,” Bull. Geol. Soc. Japan 43(10), 603–657 (1992).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. I. Kozhurin
    • 1
    Email author
  • T. K. Pinegina
    • 2
  • V. V. Ponomareva
    • 2
  • E. A. Zelenin
    • 1
  • P. G. Mikhailyukova
    • 3
  1. 1.Geological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Far East BranchRussian Academy of SciencesPetropavlovsk-KamchatskyRussia
  3. 3.Faculty of GeographyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations