, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 273–284 | Cite as

Proterozoic basic magmatism of the Siberian Craton: Main stages and their geodynamic interpretation

  • D. P. GladkochubEmail author
  • T. V. Donskaya
  • R. Ernst
  • A. M. Mazukabzov
  • E. V. Sklyarov
  • S. A. Pisarevsky
  • M. Wingate
  • U. Söderlund


Geological data on the Precambrian basic complexes of the Siberian Craton and their isotopic age are considered. The three main episodes of Precambrian basic magmatism of Siberia correspond to certain stages of the geodynamic evolution of the craton and the Earth as a whole. In the Late Paleoproterozoic, largely in the south and the north of the craton, the basic rocks were emplaced against the background of post-collision extension, which followed the preceding collision-accretion stage responsible for the formation of the craton. In the Mesoproterozoic, primarily in the north of the craton, basic magmatism was controlled by dispersed within-plate extension apparently caused by the impact of a mantle plume. Neoproterozoic basic magmatism widespread in the southern and southeastern parts of the craton was caused by rifting, which accompanied breakdown of the Rodinia supercontinent and opening of the Paleoasian ocean along the southern margin of the Siberian Craton.


Basic Rock Siberian Craton Rodinia Basic Magmatism Aldan Shield 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    R. V. Veselovsky, P. Yu. Petrov, S. F. Karpenko, Yu. A. Kostitsyn, and V. E. Pavlov, “New Paleomagnetic and Isotopic Data on the Mesoproterozoic Igneous Complex on the Northern Slope of the Anabar Massif,” Doklady Earth Sci. 411(8), 1190–1194 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. P. Gladkochub, E. V. Sklyarov, Yu. V. Men’shagin, and A. M. Mazukabzov, “Geochemistry of Ancient Ophiolites of the Sharyzhalgai Uplift,” Geochem. Int. 39(11), 947–958 (2001).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. P. Gladkochub, E. V. Sklyarov, T. V. Donskaya, A. M. Mazukabzov, Yu. V. Men’shagin, and S. V. Panteeva, “Petrology of Gabbro-Dolerites from Neoproterozoic Dike Swarms in the Sharyzhalgai Block with Reference to the Problem of Breakup of the Rodinia Supercontinent,” Petrology 9(6), 560–575 (2001).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. P. Gladkochub, T. V. Donskaya, A. M. Mazukabzov, A. M. Stanevich, E. V. Sklyarov, and V. A. Ponomarchuk, “Complexes-Indicators of Precambrian Extension in the South of the Siberian Craton,” Geol. Geofiz. 48(1), 22–41 (2007).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. P. Gladkochub, T. V. Donskaya, A. M. Mazukabzov, B. De Waele, A. M. Stanevich, and S. A. Pisarevsky, “Age and Origin of Volcanic Rocks in the Western Baikal Region in the Riphean Section of the Siberian Craton,” Geol. Geofiz. 49(10), 990–1002 (2008).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. P. Gladkochub, E. V. Sklyarov, T. V. Donskaya, A. M. Stanevich, and A. M. Mazukabzov, “A Period of Global Uncertainty (Blank Spot) in the Precambrian History of the Southern Siberian Craton and the Problem of the Transproterozoic Supercontinent,” Doklady Earth Sci. 421(2), 774–778 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. P. Gladkochub, A. M. Stanevich, A. V. Travin, A. M. Mazukabzov, K. M. Konstantinov, D. S. Yudin, and T. A. Kornilova, “The Mesoproterozoic Udzha Paleorift (Northern Siberian Craton): New Data on Age of Basic Rocks, Straigraphy, and Microphytology,” Doklady Earth Sci. 425A(3), 371–377 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. P. Gladkochub, S. A. Pisarevsky, R. Ernst, T. V. Donskaya, U. Söderlund, A. M. Mazukabzov, and J. Hanes, “Large Igneous Province of about 1750 Ma in the Siberian Craton,” Doklady Earth Sci. 430(2), 654–657 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. E. Diner, G. I. Kachevskaya, and L. K. Kachevsky, Standartd of the Chapa Complex of Alkaline Picrite, the Yenisei Ridge (Krasgeo, Krasnoyarsk, 2000) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Precambrian Volcanic Structural Units of the Baikal Region, Ed. by S. M. Zamaraev (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1979) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Precambrian of the Patom Highland, Ed. by V. D. Mats (Nedra, Moscow, 1995) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    T. V. Donskaya, D. P. Gladkochub, V. P. Kovach, and A. M. Mazukabzov, “Petrogenesis of Early Proterozoic Postcollisional Granitoids in the Southern Siberian Craton,” Petrology 13(3), 229–252 (2005).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    E. V. Sklyarov, et al., Interprtetation of Geochemical Data: Teaching Aid (Intermet Engineering, Moscow, 2001) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. M. Larin, A. B. Kotov, E. B. Sal’nikova, V. P. Kovach, L. B. Makar’ev, A. N. Timashkov, N. G. Berezhnaya, and S. Z. Yakovleva, “New Data on the Age of Granites of the Kodar and Tukuringra Complexes, Eastern Siberia: Geodynamic Constraints,” Petrology 8(3), 238–248 (2000).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    D. V. Metelkin, I. V. Belonosov, D. P. Gladkochub, T. V. Donskaya, A. M. Mazukabzov, and A. M. Stanevich, “Paleomagnetic Trends in Intrusions of the Nersa Complex in the Biryusa Saayn Region as Reflections of Tectonic Events in the Neoproterozoic,” Geol. Geofiz. 46(4), 398–413 (2005).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. D. Nozhkin, A. A. Postnikov, K. E. Nagovitsin, A. V. Travin, A. M. Stanevich, and D. S. Yudin, “Neoproterozoic Chingasan Group of the Yenisei Ridge: New Data on Age and Formation Conditions,” Geol. Geofiz. 48(12), 1307–1320 (2007).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    V. E. Pavlov and Y. Gallet, “Paleomagnetically Derived Reconstruction of the Relative Positions of Siberia and Laurentia in the Terminal Mesoproterozoic,” Geotectonics 33(6), 436–447 (1999).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    V. E. Pavlov, Y. Gallet, P. Yu. Petrov, D. Z. Zhuravlev, and A. V. Shatsillo, “The Ui Group and Late Riphean Sills in the Uchur-Maya Area: Isotopic and Paleomagnetic Data and the Problem of the Rodinia Supercontinent,” Geotectonics 36(4), 278–292 (2002).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    V. N. Puchkov, “The Controversy over Plumes: Who Is Actually Right?” Geotectonics 43(1), 1–17 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    O. M. Rosen, “The Siberian Craton: Tectonic Zoning and Stages of Evolution,” Geotectonics, 37(3), 175–192 (2003).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. P. Sekerin, Yu. V. Men’shagin, and Yu. I. Lashchenov, “The Sayan Province of High-K Alkaline Basic Rocks and Lamproites,” Dokl. Ross. Akad. Nauk 342(1), 82–86 (1995).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    E. V. Sklyarov, D. P. Gladkochub, A. M. Mazukabzov, Yu. V. Men’shagin, K. M. Konstantinov, and T. Watanabe, “Dike Swarms on the Southern Flank of the Siberian Craton as Indicators of the Rodinia Supercontinent Breakup,” Geotectonics 34(6), 59–75 (2000).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Tectonics, Geodynamics, and Metallogeny of the Territory of Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Ed. by L. M. Parfenov and M. I. Kuz’min (Nauka/Interperiodika, Moscow, 2001) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. N. Shokhonova, T. V. Donskaya, D. P. Gladkochub, A. M. Mazukabzov, and I. P. Paderin, “Paleoproterozoic Basaltic Rocks of the North Baikal Volcanic-Plutonic Belt in the Siberian Craton: Age and Petrogenesis,” Geol. Geofiz. 51(8), 1049–1072 (2010).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    B. R. Shpunt and B. V. Oleinikov, “Late Precambrian Riftogenic Magmatism of the Siberian Platform” in Magmatism of Rifts: Petrology, Evolution, and Geodynamics (Nauka, Moscow, 1989), pp. 69–76 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. E. Ernst, J. A. Hanes, V. N. Puchkov, A. V. Okrugin, and D. A. Archibald, “Reconnaissance Ar-Ar Dating of Proterozoic Dolerite Dikes and Sills in Siberia and South Urals,” in Proceedings of the 41st Tectonic Conference on General and Regional Tectonics and Geodynamics (GEOS, Moscow, 2008), pp. 492–496 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    R. E. Ernst and M. A. Hamilton, “The U-Pb baddeleyite Age (725 Ma) of the Dovyren Intrusion in Siberia: Correlation with Giant Franklin Igneous Province of Northern Laurentia Dated at 723 Ma,” in Proceedings of the 42nd Tectonic Conference on Geology of the Polar Regions of the Earth (GEOS, Moscow, 2009), Vol. 2, pp. 330–332 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    V. V. Yarmolyuk, V. I. Kovalenko, E. B. Sal’nikova, A. V. Nikiforov, A. B. Kotov, and N. V. Vladykin, “U-Pb Age of Syn- and Postmetamorphic Granitoids of South Mongolia: Evidence for the Presence of Grenvillides in the Central Asian Foldbelt,” Dokl. Earth Sci. 404(7), 986–990 (2005).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    W. Bleeker and R. Ernst, “Short-Lived Mantle Generated Magmatic Events and Their Dyke Swarms: the Key Unlocking Earth’s Paleogeographic Record Back to 2.6 Ga,” in Dyke Swarms—Time Markers of Crustal Evolution, Ed. by E. Hanski, S. Mertanen, T. Rämo, and J. Vuollo (Balkema, Rotterdam, 2006), pp. 3–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    R. G. Coleman and A. V. McGuire, “Magma Systems Related to the Red Sea Opening,” Tectonophysics 150, 77–100 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    V. Courtillot, V. A. Kravchinsky, X. Quidelleur, P. R. Renne, and D. P. Gladkochub, “Preliminary Dating of the Viluy Traps (Eastern Siberia): Eruption at the Time of Late Devonian Extinction Events?” Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 300, 239–245 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    A. N. Didenko, V. Y. Vodovozov, S. A. Pisarevsky, D. P. Gladkochub, T. V. Donskaya, A. M. Mazukabzov, A. M. Stanevich, E. V. Bibikova, and T. I. Kirnozova, “Palaeomagnetism and U-Pb Dates of the Palaeoproterozoic Akitkan Group (South Siberia) and Implications for Pre-Neoproterozoic Tectonics,” Geol. Soc. London Spec. Publ. 323, 125–163 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    T. V. Donskaya, D. P. Gladkochub, S. A. Pisarevsky, U. Poller, A. M. Mazukabzov, and T. B. Bayanova, “Discovery of Archaean Crust within the Akitkan Orogenic Belt of the Siberian Craton: New Vision on Its Architecture and History,” Precambr. Res. 170, 61–72 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    R. E. Ernst, K. L. Buchan, M. A. Hamilton, A. V. Okrugin, and M. D. Tomshin, “Integrated Paleomagnetism and U-Pb Geochronology of Mafic Dikes of the Eastern Anabar Shield Region, Siberia: Implications for Mesoproterozoic Paleolatitude of Siberia and Comparison with Laurentia,” J. Geol. 108, 381–401 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    D. A. D. Evans, Z. X. Li, J. L. Kirschvink, and M. T. D. Wingate, “A High-Quality Mid-Neoproterozoic Paleomagnetic Pole from South China, with Implications for Ice Ages and the Breakup Configuration of Rodinia,” Precambr. Res. 100, 313–334 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    G. R. Foulger, “The “Plate” Model for the Genesis of Melting Anomalies,” Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Pap. 430, 1–28 (2007).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    B. R. Frost, O. V. Avchenko, K. R. Chamberlain, and C. D. Frost, “Evidence for Extensive Proterozoic Remobilization of the Aldan Shield and Implications for Proterozoic Plate Tectonic Reconstructions of Siberia and Laurentia,” Precambr. Res. 89, 1–23 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Y. Gallet, V. E. Pavlov, M. A. Semikhatov, and P. Yu. Petrov, “Late Mesoproterozoic Magnetostratigraphic Results from Siberia: Paleogeographic Implications and Magnetic Field Behaviour,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 16481–16499 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    D. Gladkochub, S. A. Pisarevsky, T. Donskaya, L. M. Natapov, A. Mazukabzov, A. M. Stanevich, and E. Sklyarov, “Siberian Craton and Its Evolution in Terms of Rodinia Hypothesis,” Episodes 29, 169–174 (2006a).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    D. P. Gladkochub, M. T. D. Wingate, S. A. Pisarevsky, T. V. Donskaya, A. M. Mazukabzov, V. A. Ponomarchuk, and A. M. Stanevich, “Mafic Intrusions in Southwestern Siberia and Implications for a Neoproterozoic Connection with Laurentia,” Precambr. Res. 147, 260–278 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    D. P. Gladkochub, T. V. Donskaya, M. T. D. Wingate, A. M. Mazukabzov, S. A. Pisarevsky, E. V. Sklyarov, and A. M. Stanevich, “A One-Billion-Year Gap in the Precambrian History of the Southern Siberian Craton and the Problem of the Transproterozoic Supercontinent,” Amer. J. Sci. 310, 812–825 (2010). doi:10.2475/04.2010.00CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    D. P. Gladkochub, S. A. Pisarevsky, T. V. Donskaya, R. E. Ernst, M. T. D. Wingate, U. Söderlund, A. M. Mazukabzov, E. V. Sklyarov, M. A. Hamilton, and J. A. Hanes, “Proterozoic Mafic Magmatism in Siberian Craton: An Overview and Implications for Paleocontinental Reconstruction,” Precambr. Res. 183, 660–668 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    R. P. Hall and D. J. Hughes, “Early Precambrian Crustal Development: Changing Styles of Mafic Magmatism,” Geol. Soc. London Mem. 16, 25–35 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    A. K. Khudoley, R. H. Rainbird, R. A. Stern, A. P. Kropachev, L. M. Heaman, A. M. Zanin, V. N. Podkovyrov, V. N. Belova, and V. I. Sukhorukov, “Sedimentary Evolution of the Riphean-Vendian Basin of Southeastern Siberia,” Precambr. Res 111, 129–163 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    A. K. Khudoley, A. P. Kropachev, V. I. Tkachenko, A.G. Rublev, S. A. Sergeev, D. I. Matukov, and O. Yu. Lyahnitskaya, “Mesoproterozoic to Neoproterozoic Evolution of the Siberian Craton and Adjacent Microcontinents: An Overview with Constraints for a Laurentian Connection,” Soc. Sed. Geol. Spec. Publ. 86, 209–226 (2007).Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    A. M. Larin, Yu. Y. Amelin, L. A. Neymark, and R. Sh. Krymsky, “The Origin of the 1.73–1.70 Ga Anorogenic Ulkan Volcano-Plutonic Complex, Siberian Platform, Russia: Inferences from Geochronological, Geochemical and Nd-Sr-Pb Isotopic Data,” Ann. Acad. Brasil. Ciencias 69, 295–312 (1997).Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Z.-X. Li, S. V. Bogdanova, A. Collins, A. Davidson, B. De Waele, R. E. Ernst, I. Fitzsimons, R. Fuck, D. Gladkochub, J. Jacobs, K. Karlstrom, S. Lu, J.-P. Milesi, J. Myers, L. Natapov, M. Pandit, V. Pease, S. A. Pisarevsky, K. Thrane, and V. Vernikovsky, “Assembly, Configuration, and Break-Up History of Rodinia: A Synthesis,” Precambr. Res., 179–210 (2008).Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    A. P. Nutman, I. V. Chernyshev, H. Baadsgaard, and A. P. Smelov, “The Aldan Shield of Siberia, USSR: the Age of Its Archaean Components and Evidence for Widespread Reworking in the Mid-Proterozoic,” Precambr. Res. 54, 195–210 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    A. V. Okrugin, B. V. Oleinikov, V. T. Savvinov, and M. D. Tomshin, “Late Precambrian Dyke Swarms of the Anabar Massif, Siberian Platform, USSR,” in Mafic Dykes and Emplacement Mechanisms, Ed. by A. J. Parker, P. C. Rickwood, and D. H. Tucker (Balkema, Rotterdam, 1990).Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    A. V. Okrugin, V. L. Beryozkin, B. V. Oleinikov, and V. T. Savvinov, “Late Precambrian Dyke Swarms of the Aldan Shield, Siberian Platform,” in Program and Abstracts of the Third International Dyke Conference (Jerusalem, 1995), p. 50.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    S. A. Pisarevsky and L. M. Natapov, “Siberia and Rodinia,” Tectonophysics 375, 221–245 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    S. A. Pisarevsky, L. M. Natapov, T. V. Donskaya, D. P. Gladkochub, and V. A. Vernikovsky, “Proterozoic Siberia: A Promontory of Rodinia,” Precambr. Res. 160, 66–76 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    R. H. Rainbird, R. A. Stern, A. K. Khudoley, A. P. Kropachev, L. M. Heaman, and V. I. Sukhorukov, “U-Pb Geochronology of Riphean Sandstone and Gabbro from Southeast Siberia and Its Bearing on the Laurentia-Siberia Connection,” Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 164, 409–420 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    E. V. Sklyarov, D. P. Gladkochub, A. M. Mazukabzov, Y. V. Menshagin, T. Watanabe, and S. A. Pisarevsky, “Neoproterozoic Mafic Dike Swarms of the Sharyzhalgai Metamorphic Massif (Southern Siberian Craton),” Precambr. Res. 122, 359–376 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    M. T. D. Wingate, S. A. Pisarevsky, and D. A. D. Evans, “A Revised Rodinia Supercontinent: No SWEAT, no AUSWUS,” Terra Nova 14, 121–128 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    M. T. D. Wingate, S. A. Pisarevsky, D. P. Gladkochub, T. V. Donskaya, K. M. Konstantinov, A. M. Mazukabzov, and A. M. Stanevich, “Geochronology and Paleomagnetism of Mafic Igneous Rocks in the Olenek Uplift, Northern Siberia: Implications for Mesoproterozoic Supercontinents and Paleogeography,” Precambr. Res. 170, 256–266 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    G. Zhao, M. Sun, S. A. Wilde, and S. Li, “A Paleo-Mesoproterozoic Supercontinent: Assembly, Growth and Breakup,” Earth-Sci. Rev. 67, 91–123 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. P. Gladkochub
    • 1
    Email author
  • T. V. Donskaya
    • 1
  • R. Ernst
    • 2
  • A. M. Mazukabzov
    • 1
  • E. V. Sklyarov
    • 1
  • S. A. Pisarevsky
    • 3
  • M. Wingate
    • 4
  • U. Söderlund
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute of the Earth’s Crust, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  2. 2.Ernst GeosciencesOttawaCanada
  3. 3.Western Australia UniversityPerthAustralia
  4. 4.Geological Survey of Western AustraliaEast PerthWestern Australia
  5. 5.Department of GeologyLund UniversityLundSweden

Personalised recommendations