Advertisement

Geomagnetism and Aeronomy

, Volume 58, Issue 8, pp 1129–1135 | Cite as

Vertical Electric Currents in Active Regions: Calculation Methods and Relation to the Flare Index

  • Yu. A. FursyakEmail author
Article

Abstract

In the scope of the performed work, two problems are solved. The first is the analysis of two existing methods for calculating vertical electric currents, differential and integral. The integral method has some advantages compared to the differential method. Among them, one can mention there is no need to differentiate the magnetic field and a good smoothing of noises without losing significant information about the current structures. The integral method of calculating vertical currents has been tested for the NOAA AR 11158 using the data of two instruments, the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager of the Solar Dynamics Observatory (HMI/SDO) spacecraft and the Solar Optical Telescope of the Hinode satellite (SOT/Hinode). There was a good correlation between the calculated data (the coefficient of correlation k = 0.77). This result indicates a sufficient reliability of data on currents calculated by the integral method, regardless of the observation instrument. In the second part of the work, we analyze the data on the relation between the flare activity of groups of spots and the magnitude of the vertical current in them. A direct dependence between these quantities has been established: the greater the mean squared vertical current density, the higher the flare activity of the region (the coefficient of correlation k1 = 0.91).

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This work was supported in part by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project nos. 16-02-00221 A and 17-02-00049 A.

I am grateful to V.I. Abramenko for the discussion and notes that helped significantly improve this work, as well as to A.S. Kutsenko for consulting assistance in developing the IDL program. Special thanks are due to the reviewer for interest in this work and time spent.

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Abramenko, V.I., Relationship between magnetic power spectrum and flare productivity in solar active region, Astrophys. J., 2005, vol. 629, pp. 1141–1149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Abramenko, V.I. and Gopasyuk, S.I., The electric current system and magnetic field structure of the active region, Izv. Krym. Astrofiz. Obs., 1987, vol. 76, pp. 147–168.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Abramenko, V.I., Gopasyuk, S.I., and Ogir’, M.B., Electric currents and H-alpha emission in two active regions on the Sun, Sol. Phys., 1968, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 282–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Abramenko, V.I., Gopasyuk, S.I., and Ogir’, M.B., Evolution of the active region, its current systems, and flare activity, Izv. Krym. Astrofiz. Obs., 1988, vol. 78, pp. 151–170.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Moreton, G.E. and Severny, A.B., Magnetic fields and flares in the region CMP 20 September 1963, Sol. Phys., 1968, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 282–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rudenko, G.V. and Anfinogentov, S.A., Super-fast and quality azimuth disambiguation. https://arxiv.org/pdf/ 1104.1228.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Scherrer, P.H., Schou, J., and Bush, R.I., et al., The helioseismic and magnetic imager (HMI) investigation for the solar dynamics observatory (SDO), Sol. Phys., 2012, vol. 275, nos. 1–2, pp. 207–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schrijver, C.J., De Rosa, M.L., Metcalf, T., et al., Nonlinear force-free field modeling of a solar active region around the time of a major flare and coronal mass ejection, Astrophys. J., 2008, vol. 675, no. 2, pp. 1637–1644.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Severnyi, A.B., Study of the magnetic field and electric currents of unipolar sunspots, Izv. Krym. Astrofiz. Obs., 1965, vol. 33, pp. 34–79.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tsuneta, S., Ichimoto, K., Katsukawa, Y., et al., The solar optical telescope for the Hinode mission: An overview, Sol. Phys., 2008, vol. 249, no. 2, pp. 167–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wang, J.X., Shi, Z., Wang, H., and Lue, Y., Flares and magnetic nonpotentiality, Astrophys. J., 1996, vol. 456, pp. 861–878.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zvereva, A.M. and Severnyi, A.B., The magnetic fields and proton flares of 7 July and 2 September 1956, Izv. Krym. Astrofiz. Obs., 1970, vols. 41–42, pp. 97–157.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Crimean Astrophysical ObservatoryNauchnyRussia

Personalised recommendations