Geomagnetism and Aeronomy

, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 266–273 | Cite as

Effects of geomagnetic disturbances in daytime variations of the atmospheric electric field in polar regions

  • N. G. Kleimenova
  • M. Kubicki
  • A. Odzimek
  • L. M. Malysheva
  • L. I. Gromova


We have studied the influence of daytime polar substorms (geomagnetic bays under the IMF Bz > 0) on variations of the vertical gradient of the atmospheric electric field potential (Ez) observed at the Polish Hornsund Station (Svalbard, Norway). Only the observations of Ez under “fair weather” conditions were used, i.e. in the absence of strong wind, precipitations, low cloud cover, etc. We studied more than 20 events of daytime polar substorms registered by the Scandinavian chain of IMAGE magnetometers in 2010–2014 during the “fair weather” periods at the Hornsund Station. Analysis of the observations showed that Ez significantly deviates from the its background variations during daytime, as a rule, when the Hornsund Station is in the region of projection of the daytime auroral oval, the position of which was determined from OVATION data. It was shown that the development of a daytime polar substorm leads to fluctuating enhance of Ez values. It was found that Ez surges are accompanied by intensification of field-aligned electric currents outflowing from the ionosphere, which were calculated from the data of low-orbit communication satellites of the AMPERE project.


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. G. Kleimenova
    • 1
  • M. Kubicki
    • 2
  • A. Odzimek
    • 2
  • L. M. Malysheva
    • 1
  • L. I. Gromova
    • 3
  1. 1.Schmidt Institute of Physics of the EarthRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of GeophysicsPolish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere, and Radiowave PropagationRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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