Geomagnetism and Aeronomy

, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 266–273 | Cite as

Effects of geomagnetic disturbances in daytime variations of the atmospheric electric field in polar regions

  • N. G. Kleimenova
  • M. Kubicki
  • A. Odzimek
  • L. M. Malysheva
  • L. I. Gromova
Article

Abstract

We have studied the influence of daytime polar substorms (geomagnetic bays under the IMF Bz > 0) on variations of the vertical gradient of the atmospheric electric field potential (Ez) observed at the Polish Hornsund Station (Svalbard, Norway). Only the observations of Ez under “fair weather” conditions were used, i.e. in the absence of strong wind, precipitations, low cloud cover, etc. We studied more than 20 events of daytime polar substorms registered by the Scandinavian chain of IMAGE magnetometers in 2010–2014 during the “fair weather” periods at the Hornsund Station. Analysis of the observations showed that Ez significantly deviates from the its background variations during daytime, as a rule, when the Hornsund Station is in the region of projection of the daytime auroral oval, the position of which was determined from OVATION data. It was shown that the development of a daytime polar substorm leads to fluctuating enhance of Ez values. It was found that Ez surges are accompanied by intensification of field-aligned electric currents outflowing from the ionosphere, which were calculated from the data of low-orbit communication satellites of the AMPERE project.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anisimov, S.V. and Mareev, E.A., Geophysical studies of the global electric circuit, Izv., Phys. Solid Earth, 2008, vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 760–769.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Antonova, E.E., Kirpichev, I.P., Vovchenko, V.V., Stepanova, M.V., Riazantseva, M.O., Pulinets, M.S., Ovchinnikov, I.L., and Znatkova, S.S., Characteristics of plasma ring, surrounding the earth at geocentric distances ~7–10RE, and magnetospheric current systems, J. Atmos. Sol.–Terr. Phys., 2013, vol. 99, pp. 85–91. doi 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.08.013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bandilet, O.I., Kanonidi, Kh.D., Chernyshova, S.P., and Sheftel’, V.M., Effects of magnetospheric substorms in the atmospheric electric field, Geomagn. Aeron., 1986, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 159–160.Google Scholar
  4. Belova, E., Kirkwood, S., and Tammet, H., The effect of magnetic substorms on near-ground atmospheric currents, Ann. Geophys., 2001, vol. 18, pp. 1623–1629.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Berlinski, J., Pankanin, G., and Kubicki, M., Large scale monitoring of troposphere electric field, in Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Atmospheric Electricity (ICAE), Beijing, 2007, pp. 29–33.Google Scholar
  6. Chalmers, J.A., Atmospheric Electricity, Oxford: Pergamon, 1967; Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1974.Google Scholar
  7. Feldstein, Y.I., Magnetic field variation in near pole region during magnetically quiet periods and interplanetary magnetic fields, Space Sci. Rev., 1976, vol. 18, pp. 777–861.Google Scholar
  8. Feldstein, Y.I., Popov, V.A., Cumnock, J.A., Prigancova, A., Blomberg, L.G., Kozyra, J.U., Tsurutani, B.T., Gromova, L.I., and Levitin, A.E., Auroral electrojets and boundaries of plasma domains in the magnetosphere during magnetically disturbed intervals, Ann. Geophys., 2006, vol. 24, pp. 2243–2276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Frank-Kamenetsky, A.V., Troshichev, O.A., Burns, G.B., and Papitashvili, V.O., Variations of the atmospheric electric field in the near-pole region related to the interplanetary magnetic field, J. Geophys. Res., 2001, vol. 106, no. A1, pp. 179–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Friis-Christensen, E. and Wilhjelm, J., Polar cap currents for different directions of the interplanetary magnetic field in the Y–Z plane, J. Geophys. Res., 1975, vol. 80, no. 10, pp. 1248–1260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gromova, L.I., Kleimenova, N.G., Levitin, A.E., Gromov, S.V., Dremukhina, L.A., and Zelinsky, N.R., Daytime geomagnetic disturbances at high latitudes during a strong magnetic storm of June 21–23, 2015: The storm initial phase, Geomagn. Aeron. (Engl. Transl.), 2016, no. 3, pp. 281–292. doi 10.1134/S0016793216030051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Iijima, T., Potemra, T.A., Zanetti, L.J., and Bythrow, P.F., Large-scale Birkeland currents in the dayside polar region during strongly northward IMF: A new Birkeland current system, J. Geophys. Res., 1998, vol. 103, pp. 26271–26283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Iwasaki, N., Localized abnormal geomagnetic disturbance near the geomagnetic pole and simultaneous ionospheric variation, Rep. Ionos. Space Res. Jpn., 1971, vol. 25, pp. 163–186.Google Scholar
  14. Kleimenova, N.G., Kozyreva, O.V., Michnowski, S., and Kubicki, M., Morning polar substorms and variations in the atmospheric electric field, Geomagn. Aeron. (Engl. Transl.), 2010, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 48–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kleimenova, N., Kozyreva, O., Michnowski, S., and Kubicki, M., Influence of geomagnetic disturbances on the atmospheric electric field (Ez) variations at high and middle latitudes, Atmos. Sol.–Terr. Phys., 2012, vol. 99, pp. 117–122. doi 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.07.009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kleimenova, N.G., Kozyreva, O.V., Kubicki, M., Odzimek, A., and Malysheva, L.M., Effect of substorms in the Earth’s nightside sector on variations in the surface atmospheric electric field at polar and equatorial latitudes, Geomagn. Aeron. (Engl. Transl.), 2012, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 467–473. doi 10.1134/S001679321204007XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kleimenova, N.G., Gromova, L.I., Dremukhina, L.A, Levitin, A.E., Zelinsky, N.R., and Gromov, S.V., High-latitude geomagnetic effects of the main phase of the geomagnetic storm of November 24, 2001 with the northern direction of IMF, Geomagn. Aeron. (Engl. Transl.), 2015, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 174–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kubicki, M., Results of atmospheric electricity and meteorological observations S. Kalinowski geophysical observatory at Swider, Publ. Inst. Geophys. Pol. Acad. Sci., 2001, no. D-56 (333), pp. 3–7.Google Scholar
  19. Levitin, A.E., Kleimenova, N.G., Gromova, L.I., Antonova, E.E., Dremukhina, L.A., Zelinsky, N.R., Gromov, S.V., and Malysheva, L.M., Geomagnetic disturbances and pulsations as a high-latitude response to considerable alternating IMF variations during the magnetic storm recovery phase (case study: May 30, 2003), Geomagn. Aeron. (Engl. Transl.), 2015, vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 730–743. doi 10.1134/S0016793215060092CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Michnowski, S., Solar wind influences on atmospheric electricity variables in polar regions, J. Geophys. Res., 1998, vol. 103, no. D12, pp. 13939–13048.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Michnowski, S., Nikiforova, N.N., and Kleimenova, N.G., The response of the ground-level electric field at Hornsund to magnetospheric–ionospheric events, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference Atmospheric Electricity, 19–24 June, 1996, Osaka, Japan, 1996, pp. 520–523.Google Scholar
  22. Odzimek, A., Kubicki, M., Lester, M., and Grocott, A., Relation between SuperDARN ionospheric potential and ground electric field at polar station Hornsund, Proceedings of the 14th International Conference Atmospheric Electricity, 08–12 August, 2011, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2011.Google Scholar
  23. Olson, D.E., The evidence for auroral effects on atmospheric electricity, Pure Appl. Geophys., 1971, vol. 84, pp. 118–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Parkinson, W.C. and Torreson, O., The diurnal variation of the electric potential of the atmosphere over the ocean, Union Terr. Magn. Electr. Bull., 1931, no. 8, pp. 340–345.Google Scholar
  25. Roble, R.G., On solar–terrestrial relationships in atmospheric electricity, J. Geophys. Res., 1985, vol. 90, no. D4, pp. 2156–2202. doi 10.1029/JD090iD04p06000CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Roble, R.G. and Hays, P.B., A quasi-static model of global atmospheric electricity. II. Electrical coupling between the upper and lower atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 1989, vol. 84, no. A12, pp. 7247–7256. doi 10.1029/JA084iA12p07247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rycroft, M.J., Electrical processes coupling the atmosphere and ionosphere: An overview, J. Atmos. Sol.- Terr. Phys., 2006, vol. 68, pp. 445–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Rycroft, M.J., Israelsson, S., and Price, C., The global atmospheric electric circuit, solar activity and climate change, J. Atmos.–Terr. Phys., 2000, vol. 62, pp. 1563–1576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rycroft, M.J., Harrison, R.G., Nicoll, K.A., and Mareev, E.A., An overview of Earth’s global electric circuit and atmospheric conductivity, Space Sci. Rev., 2008, vol. 137, nos. 1–4, pp. 83–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Tinsley, B.A., Influence of solar wind on the global electric circuit, and inferred effects on cloud microphysics, temperature, and dynamics in the troposphere, Space Sci. Rev., 2000, vol. 94, nos. 1–2, pp. 231–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. G. Kleimenova
    • 1
  • M. Kubicki
    • 2
  • A. Odzimek
    • 2
  • L. M. Malysheva
    • 1
  • L. I. Gromova
    • 3
  1. 1.Schmidt Institute of Physics of the EarthRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of GeophysicsPolish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland
  3. 3.Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere, and Radiowave PropagationRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations