Geomagnetism and Aeronomy

, Volume 53, Issue 1, pp 43–48 | Cite as

Auroral activity caused by high-power radioemission from the SURA facility

  • Yu. Ya. RuzhinEmail author
  • V. D. Kuznetsov
  • Yu. A. Plastinin
  • G. F. Karabadzhak
  • V. L. Frolov
  • M. Parrot


A series of experimental modifications of the ionosphere in the HF range, performed at the SURA facility base, together with optical measurements onboard the International Space Station (ISS), indicated that such impacts on the ionosphere are effective when the facility operational frequency is higher than the critical plasma frequency (for the main ionospheric F2 layer). The experimental measurements were supported by measurements at ground-based observatories, ISS, and the Demeter and GPS satellites. The analysis results of the entire data set are presented. The ray HF radio tracing for the experiment of October 2, 2007, has been calculated, and it has been indicated that the ionosphere to the north of the facility up to 60°–62° N latitudes was irradiated by the facility beam (the effects of ray redistribution and refocusing) due to refraction on the gradient of the F2 layer critical frequencies. An analysis of the ground-based and satellite measurements (both in the vicinity of a heater and in the magnetically conjugate region) indicates that it is possible to trigger a substorm in experiments with the Sura heating facility.


International Space Station Ionospheric Plasma Ohmic Heating Auroral Activity Sura Facility 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Belikovich, V.V., Grach, S.M., Karashtin, A.N., et al., The “Sura” Facility: Studies of the Atmosphere and Space: A Review, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Radiofiz., 2007, vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 545–576.Google Scholar
  2. Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., Kornienko, V.A., Borisova, T.D., Thide, B., Kosch, M.J., Rietveld, M.T., Mishin, E.V., Lukyanova, R.Yu., and Troshichev, O.A., Triggering of Local Substorm Activation by Powerful HF Radiowaves, Proc. 5th Int. Conference on Substorms, St. Petersburg, 2000, pp. 477–480.Google Scholar
  3. Deminov, M.G., Oraevsky, V.N., and Ruzhin, Yu.Ya., Ionospheric-Magnetospheric Effects of Rockets Launched toward High Latitudes, Geomagn. Aeron., 2001, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 772–781 [Geomagn. Aeron. (Engl. transl.), 2001, vol. 41, pp. 738–746].Google Scholar
  4. First Results of the DEMETER Micro-Satellite, Planet. Space Sci., 2006, vol. 54, no. 5.Google Scholar
  5. Gurevich, A.V., Nonlinear Phenomena in the Ionosphere, Usp. Fiz. Nauk, 2007, vol. 177, no. 11, pp. 1145–1177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Jakowski, N. and Sardon, E., Comparison of GPS/IGS-Derived TEC Data with Parameters Measured by Independent Ionospheric Probing Techniques, Int. GPS Service Symposium, Silver Spring, 1996, pp. 19–21.Google Scholar
  7. Karabadzhak, G.F., Komrakov, G.P., Kuznetsov, V.D., Plastinin, Yu.A., Ruzhin, Yu.Ya., Frolov, V.L., and Khmelinin, B.A., Studying Global Spatial-Time Characteristics of Luminosity in the Earth’s Upper Atmosphere and Ionosphere under the Action of Radio Emission as Observed on ISS, Kosmonavt. Raketostr., 2009, no. 51, pp. 134–157.Google Scholar
  8. Kolomiitsev, O.P., Ruzhin, Yu.Ya., Egorov, I.B., Razinkov, O.G., and Cherkashin, Yu., The Ionospheric Holes-Modeling and Diagnostics, Phys. Chem. Earth (C), 1999a, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 393–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kolomiitsev, O.P., Ruzhin, Yu.Ya., Egorov, I.B., Razinkov, O.G., and Cherkashin, Yu.N., Model Studies of the Effect of Ionospheric Holes on the Decametric Wave Propagation Conditions, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1999b, vol. 369, no. 4, pp. 220–224.Google Scholar
  10. Kuznetsov, V.D., Ruzhin, Yu.Ya., Karabadzhak, G.F., Plastinin, Ya.A., Khmelinin, B.A., Frolov, V.L., and Komrakov, G.P., Preliminary Results of Modification of the Ionospheric Plasma by High-Power Radio Emission from the Sura Facility as Observed on board of the International Space Station, Proc. 37th COSPAR, Montreal, 2008, p. 52-0036–52-0038.Google Scholar
  11. Oraevsky, V.N., Ruzhin, Yu.Ya., Depueva, A.Kh., and Kozlov, E.F., The Subauroral Events Generated by Rocket Launching, Adv. Space Res., 1995, vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 153–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ossakov, S.L. and Chaturvedi, P.K., Current Convective Instability in Diffuse Aurora, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 1979, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 332–335.Google Scholar
  13. Ruzhin, Yu.Ya., Ivanov, K.G., Kuznetsov, V.D., and Petrov, V.G., Controlled Injection of High-Power Radio Pulses into the Ionosphere-Magnetosphere System and Appearance of Microsubstorms on October 2, 2007, Geomagn. Aeron., 2009a, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 703–708 [Geomagn. Aeron. (Engl. transl.), 2009a, vol. 49, pp. 324–334].CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ruzhin, Yu.Ya., Kuznetsov, V.D., Karabadzhak, G.F., Plastinin, Yu.A., Khmelinin, B.A., Frolov, V.L., and Komrakov, G.P., The Sura/ISS Complex Experiment (October 2, 2007), Tr. konf. “Radiofizicheskie metody v distantsionnom zondirovanii” (Proc. Conference “Radar Methods in Remote Sensing), Lukin, D.S., Ed., Murom, 2009b, pp. 66–70.Google Scholar
  15. Ruzhin, Yu.Ya., Kuznetsov, V.D., Kovalev, V.I., Karabadzhak, G.F., Plastinin, Yu.A., Khmelinin, B.A., Frolov, V.L., Komrakov, G.P., and Parro, M.O., On the Possibility of Localizing Substorm by the SURA Heater, Tr. 23-ei Vserosciiskoi nauchn. konf. “Rasprostranenie radiovoln” (Proc. 23th All-Russian Scientific Conf. “Radiowave Propagation”), Lukin, D.S., Ed., Ioshkar Ola, 2011, vol. 2, pp. 255–260.Google Scholar
  16. Shoucr, M.M., Morales, G.J., and Maggs, J.E., Ohmic Heating of the Polar F Region by HF Pulses, J. Geophys. Res., 1984, vol. 89A, pp. 2907–2917.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Volkov, M.A., Lyatsky, V.B., and Maltsev, Yu.P., On the Structure of Fields and Field-Aligned Currents in the Harang Discontinuity, Geomagn. Aeron., 1985, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 445–449.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu. Ya. Ruzhin
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. D. Kuznetsov
    • 1
  • Yu. A. Plastinin
    • 2
  • G. F. Karabadzhak
    • 2
  • V. L. Frolov
    • 3
  • M. Parrot
    • 4
  1. 1.Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere, and Radiowave PropagationRussian Academy of Sciences (IZMIRAN)Troitsk, Moscow oblastRussia
  2. 2.Central Research Institute of Machinery (TsNIIMASh)Korolev, Moscow oblastRussia
  3. 3.Radiophysical Research InstituteNizhni NovgorodRussia
  4. 4.LPCE/CNRSOrléansFrance

Personalised recommendations