Verification of the concept of seismoionospheric coupling under quiet heliogeomagnetic conditions, using the Wenchuan (China) earthquake of May 12, 2008, as an example
The variability of the ionosphere during April–May, 2008, has been analyzed in detail in order to reveal anomalous variations related to seismic activity, initiated by the strongest Wenchuan earthquake (M = 7.9) in the Sichuan province on May 12, 2008. Information about the total electron content (TEC) from the network of GPS receivers in the earthquake region, the global IONEX TEC maps, and the reconstructed vertical profiles of electron density according to the data of GPS receivers were used as a data source. The spatial and time localization of the observed anomalies, their morphological features, and the absence of geomagnetic disturbances during the observation period undoubtedly demonstrate that the observed variations were caused by seismic activity.
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