Geomagnetism and Aeronomy

, Volume 49, Issue 7, pp 1056–1062 | Cite as

Quasisecular cyclicity in the climate of the Earth’s Northern Hemisphere and its possible relation to solar activity variations

  • M. G. Ogurtsov
  • H. Jungner
  • M. Lindholm
  • S. Helama
  • V. A. Dergachev


Paleoclimatological reconstructions of temperature of the Earth’s Northern Hemisphere for the last thousand years have been studied using the up-to-date methods of statistical analysis. It has bee indicated that the quasisecular (a period of 60–130 years) cyclicity, which is observed in the climate of the Earth’s Northern Hemisphere, has a bimodal structure, i.e., being composed of the 60–85 and 85–130 year periodicities. The possible relation of the quasisecular climatic rhythm to the corresponding Gleissberg solar cycle has been studied using the solar activity reconstructions performed with the help of the solar paleoastrophysics methods.


Northern Hemisphere Solar Activity Tree Ring Sunspot Number Secular Variation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. S. Kh. Akhmetkereev and V. A. Dergachev, “Atmospheric Radiocarbon Variations in the Last Millennium and Their Relation to Climate Changes,” in Proceedings of the 11th Leningrad Seminar on Cosmophysics, Leningrad, 1979, Ed. by G. E. Kocharov, pp. 273–287.Google Scholar
  2. J. Beer, S. Baumhartner, B. Sittrich-Hannen, et al., “Solar Variability Traced by Cosmogenic Isotopes,” in The Sun as a Variable Star, Ed. by J. M. Pap (Cambr. Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1994).Google Scholar
  3. K. R. Briffa, P. D. Jones, F. H. Schweingruber, and T. J. Osborn, “Influence of Volcanic Eruptions on Northern Hemisphere Summer Temperature over the Past 600 Years,” Nature 393, 450–455 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. K. R. Briffa, “Annual Climate Variability in the Holocene: Interpreting the Message of Ancient Trees,” Quat. Sci. Rev. 19, 87–105 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. K. R. Briffa, T. S. Bartholin, D. Eckstein, et al., “A 1400-Year Tree_Ring Record of Summer Temperatures in Fennoscandia,” Nature 346, 434–439 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. V. F. Chistyakov, “On the Structure of the Solar Activity Secular Cycles,” in Solar Activity and Its Effect on the Earth (Dal’nauka, Vladivostok, 1996), pp. 98–105 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. T. J. Crowley and T. S. Lowery, “How Warm Was the Medieval Warm Period?,” Ambio 29, 51–54 (2000).Google Scholar
  8. J. Esper and R. Cook, “Response,” Quat. Sci. Rev. 296, 848–849 (2002).Google Scholar
  9. J. Esper, E. R. Cook, and F. H. Schweingruber, “Low-Frequency Signals in Long Tree_Ring Chronologies for Reconstructing Past Temperature Variability,” Quat. Sci. Rev. 295, 2250–2253 (2002).Google Scholar
  10. P. D. Jones, K. R. Briffa, T. P. Barnett, and S. F. B. Telt, “High-Resolution Palaeoclimatic Records for the Last Millennium: Interpretation, Integration and Comparison with General Circulation Model Control-Run Temperatures,” The Holocene 8, 455–471 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. G. E. Kocharov and N. N. Sazeeva, “On a Change in Solar Activity during the Last 8.5 ka,” in Proceedings of the 9th Leningrad Seminar on Cosmophysics, Leningrad, 1978, Ed. by G. E. Kocharov, pp. 111–120 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. M. Lindholm and M. Eronen, “A Reconstruction of Midsummer Temperatures from Ring-Widths of Scots Pine Since AD 50 in Northern Fennoscandia,” Geograf. Ann. 82(A4), 527–535 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. N. Mahasenan, R. G. Watts, and H. Dowlatabady, “Low-Frequency Oscillations in Temperature-Proxy Records and Implications for Recent Climate Change,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24(5), 563–566 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. M. Mann and M. Hughes, “Tree Ring Chronicles and Climate Variability,” Quat. Sci. Rev. 296, 848 (2002).Google Scholar
  15. M. Mann, E. J. Park, and R. S. Bradley, “Global Interdecadal and Century-Scale Climate Oscillations during the Past Five Centuries,” Nature 378, 266–270 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. M. Mann, E. R. S. Bradley, and M. K. Hughes, “Northern Hemisphere Temperatures during the Past Millennium: Inferences, Uncertainties, and Limitations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 26(6), 759–762 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. M. Mann, K. Amman, R. Bradley, et al., “On Past Temperature and Anomalous Late 20-th Century Warm,” Eos 84(27), 256–257 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. N. Marsh and H. Svensmark, “Cosmic Rays, Clouds and Climate,” Space Sci. Rev. 94(1/2), 215–230 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. S. McIntre and R. McKitrick, “Corrections to the Mann et al. (1999) Proxy Data Base and Northern Hemispheric Average Temperature Series,” Energy Environ. 14(6), 751–771 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. A. S. Monin and D. M. Sonechkin, Climate Variations (Nauka, Moscow, 2005) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  21. Yu. A. Nagovitsyn, “A Nonlinear Mathematical Model for the Solar Cyclicity and Prospects for Reconstructing the Solar Activity in the Past,” Pis’ma Astron. Zh. 23(11), 851–858 (1997) [Astron. Lett. 23 (6), 742–748 (1997)].Google Scholar
  22. Yu. A. Nagovitsyn, “Solar Activity during the Last Two Millennia: Solar Patrol in Ancient and Medieval China,” Geomagn. Aeron. 41(5), 711–720 (2001) [Geomagn. Aeron. 41, 680 (2001)].Google Scholar
  23. M. G. Ogurtsov, “New Evidence for Long-Term Persistence in the Sun’s Activity,” Solar Phys. 220(1), 93–105 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. M. G. Ogurtsov, G. E. Kocharov, M. Lindholm, et al., “Solar Activity and Regional Climate,” Radiocarbon 43(2), 439–447 (2001).Google Scholar
  25. M. G. Ogurtsov, G. E. Kocharov, M. Lindholm, et al., “Evidence of Solar Variation in Tree-Ring-Based Climate Reconstructions,” Solar Phys. 205(2), 403–417 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. M. G. Ogurtsov, H. Jungner, and M. Lindholm, “Paleoclimatic Evidence for a Global Century-Scale Rhythm in the Northern Hemisphere Climate,” Geograf. Ann. 2007 (in press.Google Scholar
  27. M. G. Ogurtsov, M. Lindholm, M. Eronen, et al., “Evidence from Millennial Tree-Ring Proxies for Solar Influence on Terrestrial Climate,” in Meteorological and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics (a Book to Commemorate the Centenary of the Birth of Hans Ertel), (Arbk Geschichte Geophysik, 2004), pp. 106–120.Google Scholar
  28. M. G. Ogurtsov, Yu. A. Nagovitsyn, G. E. Kocharov, and H. Jungner, “Long-Period Cycles of Sun’s Activity Recorded in Direct Solar Data and Proxies,” Solar Phys. 211(1), 371–394 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. M. I. Pudovkin and O. M. Raspopov, “Mechanism by Which Solar Activity Affects the State of the Lower Atmosphere and Meteorological Parameters,” Geomagn. Aeron. 32(5), 1–22 (1992).Google Scholar
  30. M. I. Pudovkin and S. V. Veretenenko, “Variations of the Cosmic Rays as One of the Possible Link between the Solar Activity and the Lower Atmosphere,” Adv. Space Res. 17, 161–164 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. O. M. Raspopov, O. I. Shumilov, E. A. Kasatkina, E. Turunen, M. Lindholm, and T. Koström, “The Nonlinear Character of the Effect of Solar Activity on Climatic Processes,” Geomagn. Aeron. 41(3), 58–63 (2001) [Geomagn. Aeron. 41, 407–412 (2001)].Google Scholar
  32. D. J. Schove, Sunspot cycles (Hutchinson Ross Publ., Struodsburg, 1983).Google Scholar
  33. M. V. Shabalova and S. L. Weber, “Seasonality of Low-Frequency Variability in Early-Instrumental European Temperatures,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25(2), 3859–3862 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. O. I. Shumilov, E. A. Kasatkina, O. M. Raspopov, E. Turunen, and G. Jacoby, “An Estimation of the Climatic Response to the Variations in Solar and Volcanic Activity,” Geomagn. Aeron. 40(6), 9–13 (2000) [Geomagn. Aeron. 40, 687–691 (2000)].Google Scholar
  35. W. Soon and S. Baliunas, “Proxy Climatic and Environmental Changes of the Past 1000 Years,” Clim. Res. 23, 89–110 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. I. G. Usoskin, S. Solanki, M. Schussler, et al., “Millennium-Scale Sunspot Number Reconstruction: Evidence for an Unusually Active Sun Since the 1940s,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 211101 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. G. A. Zherebtsov and V. A. Kovalenko, “Manifestation of Solar Activity in the Hydrometeorological Characteristics of the Baikal Region,” Issled. Geomagn. Aeron. Fiz. Solntsa, No. 113, 172–181 (2001).Google Scholar
  38. G. A. Zielinski, P. A. Mayewski, K. D. Meeker, et al., “Record of Volcanism since 7000 BC from the GISP2 Greenland Ice Core and Implications for the Volcano-Climate System,” Science 264, 948–951 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. G. Ogurtsov
    • 1
    • 4
  • H. Jungner
    • 2
  • M. Lindholm
    • 3
  • S. Helama
    • 2
  • V. A. Dergachev
    • 1
  1. 1.Ioffe Physico-Technical InstituteSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.MetlaRovaniemiFinland
  4. 4.Central Astronomical ObservatoryPulkovo, St. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations