Solar-terrestrial extrastorm of August 22–25, 2005. I. Solar sources
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The solar-terrestrial extrastorm of August 22–25, 2005, has been considered in the context of the cyclic dynamics and structure of the large-scale open solar magnetic field and has been rated among the other extrastorms of cycle 23. It has been established that the storm under discussion was one of the last six extrastorms in the cycle that occurred during the specific third interval of the declining phase—the period of quasirigidly corotating four-sector structure. Inside this structure, we have revealed convergent motions of the photospheric sources of open fields, the active sector boundary, and the formation of a narrow longitudinal sector with the activity complex responsible for the set of four extrastorms of January–September 2005. It is shown that all extrastorms were accompanied by significant variations (up to 1021 μs) of the open field flux Φ. The storm of August 22–25 was accompanied by an increase in the magnetic flux Φ in the corresponding sector (with a doublet of solar flares) and a fast expansion of the sector to the dimensions at the beginning of this interval (September 2004).
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