Geomagnetism and Aeronomy

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 118–128 | Cite as

Cosmic ray flux variations, modulated by the solar and earth’s magnetic fields, and climate changes. 1. Time interval from the present to 10–12 ka ago (the Holocene Epoch)

  • V. A. Dergachev
  • P. B. Dmitriev
  • O. M. Raspopov
  • H. Jungner


Direct and indirect data on variations in cosmic rays, solar activity, geomagnetic dipole moment, and climate from the present to 10–12ka ago (the Holocene Epoch), registered in different natural archives (tree rings, ice layers, etc.), have been analyzed. The concentration of cosmogenic isotopes, generated in the Earth’s atmosphere under the action of cosmic ray fluxes and coming into the Earth archives, makes it possible to obtain valuable information about variations in a number of natural processes. The cosmogenic isotopes 14C in tree rings and 10Be in ice layers, as well as cosmic rays, are modulated by solar activity and geomagnetic field variations, and time variations in these concentrations gives information about past solar and geomagnetic activities. Since the characteristics of natural reservoirs with cosmogenic 14C and 10Be vary with climate changes, the concentrations of these isotopes also inform about climate changes in the past. A performed analysis indicates that cosmic ray flux variations are apparently the most effective natural factor of climate changes on a large time scale.

PACS numbers

91.25.Ng 91.25.Dx 92.60.Ry 92.60.Iy 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. A. Dergachev
    • 1
  • P. B. Dmitriev
    • 1
  • O. M. Raspopov
    • 2
  • H. Jungner
    • 3
  1. 1.Ioffe Physico-Technical InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere, and Radiowave Propagation, St. Petersburg BranchRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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