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Geochemistry International

, Volume 56, Issue 10, pp 992–1002 | Cite as

Ecological–Geochemical Studies of Technogenic Soils in the Flood Plain Landscapes of the Seversky Donets, Lower Don Basin

  • T. V. Bauer
  • V. G. Linnik
  • T. M. Minkina
  • S. S. Mandzhieva
  • D. G. Nevidomskaya
Article
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract—The paper presents the ecological-geochemical studies of soils confined to the impact zone of industrial waste water storage and sludge reservoirs of former Lake Atamanskoe in the Seversky Donets River flood plain. These soils show hundreds time increase of Zn, tens times increase of Cu and Pb, and few times increase of Cu, Ni, and Cr as compared to the average lithosphere values. The coefficients of technogenic concentration of elements (Kc) and the total indicator of soil pollution (Zc) are calculated. In terms of Zc, the studied soils are ascribed to the extremely dangerous category of pollution. Using predominant pollutant metal, Zn, as an example, it is shown that an increase in the metal pollution level of soil leads to a change of interaction mechanism with organic matter and Fe oxides, and, subsequently, to the prevalence of Zn forms loosely bound with the given components. The metal is mainly confined to the silicate-related fraction, which is confirmed by the mineralogical study and chemical fractionation. Owing to the limitation period and long duration of pollution, the mineral phase of technogenically polluted soils revealed the high degree of transformation changes, which led to the formation of authigenic minerals, mainly sulfates.

Keywords:

flood plain landscape heavy metals (zinc) Spolic Technosols chemical pollution ecological-geochemical assessment mineralogical analysis fractionation 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project no. 17-35-50106 “mol_nr”) and Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (project no. 5.948.2017/PCh).

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Southern Federal UniversityRostov-on-DonRussia
  2. 2.Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Geographical Faculty, Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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