Geochemistry International

, Volume 56, Issue 7, pp 735–742 | Cite as

Genesis of Oils in Eastern Kamchatka: Evidence from Hydrocarbon Biomarkers

  • I. V. KonoplevaEmail author
  • L. N. Vlasova
  • T. N. Nemchenko
Short Communications


Gas chromatography and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry data on oils from wells and seeps in the Eastern Kamchatka Basin indicate that, according to their composition and the distributions of biomarker molecules, these oils can be classified into three groups, which differ in the composition of the parent organic matter, litho–facies sedimentation conditions, and catagenetic transformations. Oils from the wells were determined to be produced by organic matter of the sapropel type of marine facies in the main oil window (MC2). Condensate from the natural seep was generated at higher catagenesis grades (MC2–3) by organic matter of the sapropel–humus type of littoral facies. Uzon oil shows are demonstrated to be formed in a continental environment by organic matter of the humus–sapropel type and were not genetically related to oil from the Paleogene–Neogene source rocks of the Bogachevka Formation.


oil eastern Kamchatka Bogachevka Formation caldera of Uzon volcano biomarkers 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. O. K. Bazhenova, O. F. Arefiev, and E. B. Frolov, “Oil of the volcano Uzon caldera, Kamchatka,” Org. Geochem. (29), 421–428 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. N. S. Beskrovnyi, A. I. Bogomolov, N. N. Gurko, V. P. Grigor’eva, L. F. Stepina, Yu. S. Shchelovanov, V. K. Shimansky, and V. P. Filippov, “Geochemical features of oils from the Uzon volcano caldera, Eastern Kamchatka,” Sov. Geologiya, No. 10, 56–63 (1974).Google Scholar
  3. N. S. Beskrovnyi S. I. Naboko, S. F. Glavatskikh, V. I. Ermakova, B. A. Lebedev, and S. D. Taliev, “Oil potential of volcanism–related hydrothermal systems,” Geol. Geofiz., No. 2, 3–14 (1974).Google Scholar
  4. A. Yu. Bychkov, Geochemical Model of Modern Ore Formation in the Uzon Caldera, Kamchatka (GEOS, Moscow, 2009) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. B. M. Didyk, B. R. T. Simoneite, S. C. Brassell, and G. Eglinton, “Organic geochemical indicators of palaeoenvironmental conditions of sedimentation,” Nature 272, (5650), 215–222 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. E. A. Fursenko, V. A. Kashirtsev, A. E. Kontorovich, and A. N. Fomin, “Naphthides of continental hydrotherms (Uzon, Yellowstone, New Zealand): geochemistry and genesis,” Russ. Geol. Geophys. 55, (5–6), 726–736 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. E. M. Galimov V. S. Sevast’yanov, G. A. Karpov, A. I. Kamaleeva, O. V. Kuznetsova, I. V. Konopleva, and L. N. Vlasova, “Hydrocarbons from volcanic area. Oil seepages in the caldera Uzon, Kamchatka,” Geochem. Int. 53 (12), 1019–1027 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. I. V. Goncharov V. V. Samoilenko, N. V. Oblasov, and S. V. Nosova, “Molecular parameters of catagenesis of organic matter of the rocks of the Bazhenov Formation of the Tomsk district,” Geol. Nefti Gaza, No. 5, 53–60 (2004).Google Scholar
  9. V. M. Gumerov, A. V. Mardanov, A. V. Beletsky, E. A. Bonch–Osmolovskaya, and N. V. Ravin, “Molecular analysis of microbial diversity in the Zavarzin Spring, Uzon Volcano Caldera, Kamchatka,” Microbiology 80 (2), 244–252 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. M. K. Kalinko, “Genesis of microoil occurrences of the Uzon caldera, Eastern Kamchatka, in Transformation of Organic Matter in the Modern and Fossil Sediments and Main Stages in the Generation of Free Hydrocarbons (BNIGNI, 1975), pp. 50–57 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  11. A. E. Kontorovich, S. B. Bortnikova, G. A. Karpov, V. A. Kashirtsev, E. A. Kostyreva, and A. N. Fomin, “Uzon volcano caldera (Kamchatka): a unique natural laboratory of the present–day naphthide genesis,” Russ. Geol. Geophys. 52 (8), 768–772 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. E. I. Kudryavtseva, A. I. Bogomolov, N. N. Gurko, V. A. Lobko, L. F. Stepina, and Yu. S. Shchelovanov, “Kamchatkan oils and their geochemical characteristics,” in Prospects of Petroleum Potential of Kamchatka (VNIGRI, 1980), pp. 112–127 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  13. E. I. Kudryavtseva, S. P. Yakutseni, and L. S. Smurov, “Metals in oils of Kamchatka and Chukotka,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk 331 (4), 477–479 (1993).Google Scholar
  14. M. Li L. Stasiuk, R. Maxwell, F. Monnier, and O. Bazhenova, “Geochemical and petrological evidence for Tertiary terrestrial and Cretaceous marine potential of petroleum source rocks in the western Kamchatka coastal margin, Russia,” Org. Geochem. 36, 304–320 (2006).Google Scholar
  15. A. A. Petrov, Oil Hydrocarbons (Nauka, Moscow, 1984) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  16. B. R. Simoneit D. W. Deamer, and V. N. Kompanichenko, “Characterization of hydrothermally generated oil from the Uzon caldera, Kamchatka,” Appl. Geochem. 24, 303–309 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. B. P. Tissot, and D. H. Welte, Petroleum Formation and Occurrence (Springer–Verlag, Berlin, 1981).Google Scholar
  18. S. D. Varfolomeev, G. A. Karpov, H.–A. Synal, S. M. Lomakin, and E. N. Nikolaev, “The youngest natural oil on Earth”, Dokl. Chem. Sci. 438 (1), 144–147 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. D. W. Waples and T. Machihara, Biomarkers for Geologists. A Practical Guide to the Application of Steranes and Triterpanes in Petroleum Geology (Tulsa, 1991).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. V. Konopleva
    • 1
    Email author
  • L. N. Vlasova
    • 1
  • T. N. Nemchenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry (GEOKhI)Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations