Geochemistry International

, Volume 56, Issue 7, pp 670–687 | Cite as

Petrology and Rare Earth Elements Mineral Chemistry of Chadegan Metabasites (Sanandaj-Sirjan Zone, Iran): Evidence for Eclogite-Facies Metamorphism during Neotethyan Subduction

  • K. Akbari
  • S. M. Tabatabaei ManeshEmail author
  • O. V. Parfenova


The metabasites of Chadegan, including eclogite, garnet amphibolite and amphibolite, are forming a part of Sanandaj–Sirjan Zone. These rocks have formed during the subduction of the Neo–Tethys ocean crust under Iranian plate. This subduction resulted in a subduction metamorphism under high pressuremedium temperature of eclogite and amphibolites facies condition. Then the metamorphic rocks were exhumed during the continental collision between the Afro–Arabian continent and the Iranian microcontinent. In the metabasite rocks, with typical MORB composition, garnet preserved a compositional zoning occurred during metamorphism. The magnesium (XMg) gradually increases from core to rim of garnets, while the manganese (XMn) decreases towards the rim. Chondrite–normalized Rare Earth Element patterns for these garnets exhibit core–to–rim increases in Light Rare Earth Elements. The chondrite–normalized REE patterns of garnets, amphiboles and pyroxenes display positive trend from LREEs to Heavy Rare Earth Elements (especially in garnet), which suggests the role of these minerals as the major controller of HREE distribution. The geochemical features show that the studied eclogite and associated rocks have a MORB origin, and probably formed in a deep–seated subduction channel environment. The geothermometry estimation yields average pressure of ~22 kbar and temperature of 470–520°C for eclogite fomation. The thermobarometry results gave T = 650–700°C and P ≈ 10–11 kbar for amphibolite facies.


metabasite eclogite amphibolite rare earth elements Chadegan Sanandaj Sirjan Zone 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Akbari
    • 1
  • S. M. Tabatabaei Manesh
    • 1
    Email author
  • O. V. Parfenova
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geology, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of IsfahanIsfahanIran
  2. 2.Department of PetrologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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