Geochemistry International

, Volume 55, Issue 11, pp 1022–1032 | Cite as

Isotope (δD, δ18О) systematics in waters of the Russian Arctic seas

  • E. O. Dubinina
  • S. A. Kossova
  • A. Yu. Miroshnikov
  • N. M. Kokryatskaya
Article
  • 30 Downloads

Abstract

Oxygen and hydrogen isotope analysis was performed to study the processes of distribution of water masses and modification of their salinity in the Russian Arctic seas. A wealth of new isotopic data was obtained for freshwater (river runoff, Novaya Zemlya glaciers) and seawater samples collected along a set of extended 2D profiles in the Barents, Kara, and Laptev Seas. The study presents the first δD values measured for the Northeast Atlantic Deep Water NEADW dominated the water column of the Barents Sea (S = 34.90 ± 0.05, δD = +1.55 ± 0.4‰, δ18O = +0.26 ± 0.1‰, n = 44). This water mass is present in the Kara Sea and western Laptev Sea. The relationship between δD, δ18О, and salinity data was used to calculate the fractions of waters of different origin, including the fractions of continental runoff in waters of the Barents, Kara, and Laptev Seas. It was shown that the relationships between the isotopic parameters (δD, δ18О) and salinity in waters of the Kara and Laptev Seas is controlled by the intensity of continental runoff and sea ice processes. Sea ice formation is the main factor controlling the formation of the water column on the Laptev Sea shelf, whereas the surface waters of the middle Kara Sea are dominated by the contribution of river runoff. A very strong stratification in the Kara Sea is caused by the presence of a relatively fresh surface layer mostly contributed by estuarine water inputs from the Ob and Yenisei Rivers. The contribution of river waters reaches 40–60% in the surface layer in the central part of the sea and decreases to a few percent down 100 m water depth. Stratification in the western part of the Laptev Sea is controlled by the contribution of freshwater input from the Lena River and modification of salinity by sea ice formation.

Keywords

oxygen and hydrogen isotopes salinity seawater the Arctic Kara Sea Laptev Sea Barents Sea freshening continental runoff 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. O. Dubinina
    • 1
  • S. A. Kossova
    • 1
  • A. Yu. Miroshnikov
    • 1
  • N. M. Kokryatskaya
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy and GeochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Federal Center for Integrated Arctic ResearchRussian Academy of SciencesArkhangelskRussia

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