Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Heat Exchange between Underexpanded High-Enthalpy Air Jets and Cylindrical Models
Experiments on heat transfer in supersonic underexpanded high-enthalpy air jets are conducted on the VGU-4 induction plasmatron at the pressure in the compression chamber of 8.5 hPa. At the air flow rate of 3.6 g/s and the high-frequency generator powers of 45 kW(regime 1) and 64 kW (regime 2) the heat fluxes to the copper surface at the stagnation point of watercooled cylindrical models along the axes of dissociated air jets are measured. The models, 30 mm in diameter, could have a flat face or a hemispherical nose. In the same regimes, the stagnation pressures are measured using the Pitot tube in the shape of a cylinder, 30 mm in diameter, having either a flat face or a hemispherical bluntness with a receiving hole, 14 mm in diameter. For the experimental conditions calculations of flows in the plasmatron discharge channel and supersonic underexpanded jets issuing from the discharge channel are performed within the framework of the Navier–Stokes and Maxwell equations. The heat fluxes to the experimental models are computed and compared with the experimental data.
Keywordshigh-frequency plasmatron dissociated air underexpanded jets heat flux stagnation pressure numerical calculations
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