Fluid Dynamics

, Volume 52, Issue 6, pp 786–796 | Cite as

HF-plasmatron experiment and numerical simulation of heat transfer in underexpanded dissociated-nitrogen jets

  • A. N. Gordeev
  • A. F. Kolesnikov
  • V. I. Sakharov


Experiments on heat transfer in underexpanded supersonic jets of high-enthalpy nitrogen are performed on the VGU-4 induction high-frequency plasmatron at a pressure of 10.4 GPa in a compression chamber. At gas flow rates of 2.4 and 3.6 g/s and HF generator powers of 45 and 64 kW the heat fluxes to the copper, stainless steel, MPG-7 graphite, and quartz surfaces are measured at the stagnation point of a water-cooled cylindrical, flat-ended model, 20 mm in diameter. In the same regimes the stagnation pressures are measured. The effect of the surface catalyticity with respect to nitrogen atom recombination on the heat flux is demonstrated and the qualitative catalyticity scale of the studied materials is established. In the supersonic regimes nonequilibrium nitrogen plasma flow in the discharge channel of the plasmatron and the underexpanded jet flow past the model are numerically simulated for the experimental conditions. The experimental and calculated data on the stagnation pressures and the heat fluxes to cooled surfaces of the metals, graphite, and quartz are compared.


HF plasmatron dissociated nitrogen underexpanded jets heat transfer catalytic recombination of nitrogen atoms 


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. N. Gordeev
    • 1
  • A. F. Kolesnikov
    • 1
  • V. I. Sakharov
    • 2
  1. 1.Ishlinsky Institute for Problems in MechanicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of MechanicsLomonosov State Moscow UniversityMoscowRussia

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