Numerical simulation of formation of a concentrated brine lens subject to magma chamber degassing
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The mathematical model of flow of a binary salt-water mixture through a porous medium in a wide range of pressure and temperature is developed taking different multiphase thermodynamic equilibria of the mixture into account. Formation of concentrated brine lenses above a degassing magma chamber is investigated within the framework of the model. The lenses are assumed to be coupled with generation of ore deposits. It is shown that the lens formation is caused by phase transitions of two different types undergoing at different depths in the magmatic fluid rising towards the surface. In the shallow zones salt precipitation on the skeleton of the porous medium in the form of a solid phase leads to clogging of pore space and reduction of the permeability. As a result, the magmatic fluid flow towards the surface is blocked and this facilitates the concentrated brine accumulation in a local zone.
Keywordsflow through a porous medium phase transitions magmatic fluid ore deposit numerical simulation
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