Hydrodynamics of a submerging drop: Lined structures on the crown surface
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Macrophotography and high-speed videofilming are used to investigate the material transfer in a falling drop upon collision with the surface of a fluid at rest. In the experiments the drops of colored water, milk, mineral oil, and seed oil fell in pure or colored water. Emphasis was placed on recording the pattern of the drop material spreading over the surface of the receiving fluid. On the continuous surface of the primary cavity and the crown the drop material is concentrated in the form of thin fibers which form a regular streaky or netlike pattern in which triangular, quadrangular, and pentagonal cells are expressed. The cell rows are ordered in the form of layers on the lateral walls and the bottom of the cavity. The fiber dimensions and the degree of their expressiveness vary in the process of flow evolution. The upper row of structures on the crown surface is formed by vertical fibers.
Keywordsdrop impact surface tension coefficients splashes capillary waves
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