Hydrodynamic stability of evaporation fronts in porous media
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The stability of phase transition fronts in water flows through porous media is considered. In the short-wave approximation a linear stability analysis is carried out and a sufficient condition of hydrodynamic instability of the phase discontinuity is proposed. The problem of injection of a water-vapor mixture into a two-dimensional mixture-saturated formation is solved and its numerical solution is compared with an exact solution of the corresponding one-dimensional self-similar problem. It is discovered that, instead of the unstable discontinuities in the one-dimensional formulation, in the two-dimensional case a lengthy mixing zone with a characteristic scale that increases self-similarly with time is formed.
Keywordsflow through porous media discontinuities phase transitions hydrodynamic stability Saffman-Taylor instability
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