Advertisement

Entomological Review

, Volume 92, Issue 5, pp 531–547 | Cite as

Changes in the suprageneric classification of Lasiocampidae (Lepidoptera) based on the nucleotide sequence of gene EF-1α

  • V. V. Zolotuhin
  • R. V. Efimov
  • V. V. Anikin
  • A. G. Demin
  • M. V. Knushevitskaya
Article

Abstract

The nucleotide sequences of nuclear gene EF-1α were determined for 49 species of Lasiocampidae from Eurasia and Africa. Based on these data, the phylogeny of the family was reconstructed using the minimum evolution, maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian inference methods. The molecular genetic research confirms the monophyly of Malacosominae which is treated as a separate subfamily. The genus Euthrix appears to be paraphyletic. The group of genera similar to Arguda, previously united with Odonestis in the tribe Odonestini, proved to be a separate lineage; contrary to the earlier assumption, the genera do not seem to be related. On the other hand, the genera Argonestis and Odonestis were found to be closely related and therefore were placed in the same tribe. The position of the genus Macrothylacia remains obscure. The genus Stoermeriana de Fr. et Witt is also para- or polyphyletic and consists of several independent lineages whose status remains to be determined. The new classification supports synonymization of Pinarinae with Lasiocampinae. The rank of subfamily is not supported for the Neotropical Macromphaliinae, which is downgraded to a tribe, Macromphaliini stat. n., within Poecilocampinae. The genus Hypopacha, previously considered within Macromphaliinae, is transferred to Poecilocampini; the close relation between Poecilocampini and Macromphaliini is additionally supported by the presence of a member of Poecilocampini in the New World. A new tribe, Argudini Zolotuhin trib. n., is established.

Keywords

Entomological Review Bootstrap Support Molecular Evolutionary Genetic Analysis Male Genitalia Hind Wing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Aurivillius, Ch., “Familie Lasiocampidae,” in Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde. Band 14. Die afrikanischen Spinner und Schwärmer (Stuttgart, 1927), pp. 1–599.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Belyakova, N.A. and Lukhtanov, V.A., “Karyotypic Specificity of Some Families in the Noctuoid and Bombycoid Complexes (Lepidoptera),” Entomol. Obozr. 73(3), 723–738 (1994).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Duponchel, P.A.J., Catalogue méthodique des Lépidoptères d’Europe (Paris, 1844).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Efimov, R.V., Zolotuhin, V.V., Demin, A.G., and Knushevitskaya, M.V., “Phylogenetic Relations within the Genus Euthrix Meigen 1830 (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae: Pinarinae: Cosmotrichini) Based on Analysis of Nucleotide Polymorphism of the Elongation Factor 1α Gene,” Entomol. Parazitol. Issled. Povolzhe, No. 6, 22–32 (2007).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fletcher, D.S. and Nye, I.W.B., The Generic Names of Moths of the World. Vol. 3 (Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), 1982).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Forbes, W.T.M., “The Subdivision of the Eupterotidae (Lepidoptera),” Tijdschr. Entomol. 98(2), 85–132 (1955).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Franclemont, J.G., Mimallonoidea and Bombycoidea. Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico Including Greenland (Classey E.W., London, 1973).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hall, T.A., “BioEdit: a User-Friendly Biological Sequence Alignment Editor and Analysis Program for Windows 95/98/NT,” Nucl. Acids Symp. Ser. 41, 95–98 (1999).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hampson, G.F., The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma (England Press, 1892).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hampson, G.F., “Some Small Families of the Lepidoptera Which are not Included in the Key to Families on the Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae, a List of the Families and Subfamilies of the Lepidoptera with Their Types and a Key to the Families,” Novitates Zool. 25, 366–394 (1918).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Harris, Th.W., A Report on the Insects of Massachusetts, Injurious to Vegetation (Folsom, Wells, and Thurston, Printers to the University, Cambridge, 1841).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Holloway, J.S., Moths of Borneo. Part 3. Lasiocampidae, Eupterotidae, Bombycidae, Brahmaeidae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae (Kuala Lumpur, 1987).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Huelsenbeck, J.P. and Ronquist, F., “MRBAYES: Bayesian Inference of Phylogeny,” Bioinformatics 17, 754–755 (2001).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Inoue, H., Lasiocampidae. Moths of Japan (Kodansha, Tokyo, 1982).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kirby, W.F., Sphinges and Bombyces. A Synonymic Catalogue of Lepidoptera Heterocera (Moths). Vol. 1 (London, 1892).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lemair, C. and Minet, J., “The Bombycoidea and Their Relatives,” in Handbook of Zoology. Vol. 4 (Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, 1998), pp. 1–353.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Linnaeus, C., Systema naturae. Per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines genera species... (Laurentii Slavii, Holmiae, 1758).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Newmoegen, B. and Dyar, H.G., “A Preliminary Revision of the Bombyces of America North of Mexico,” New York Entomol., No. 1, 97–118, 153–180 (1893).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Regier, J.C., Christopher, P., Mitter, C., et al., “A Phylogenetic Study of the’ Bombycoid Complex’ (Lepidoptera) Using Five Protein-Coding Nuclear Genes, with Comments on the Problem of Macrolepidopteran Phylogeny,” Syst. Entomol., No. 33, 175–189 (2008).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Regier, J.C., Mitter, C., Friedlander, T.P., and Peigler, R.S., “Phylogenetic Relationships in Sphingidae (Insecta: Lepidoptera): Initial Evidence from Two Nuclear Genes,” Mol. Phyl. Evol. 20(2), 311–316 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Regier, J.C., Mitter, C., Peigler, R.S., and Friedlander, T.P., “Phylogenetic Relationships in Lasiocampidae (Lepidoptera): Initial Evidence from Elongation Factor-1α Sequences,” Insect Syst. Evol., No. 31, 179–186 (2000).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ronquist, F. and Huelsenbeck, J.P., “MRBAYES 3: Bayesian Phylogenetic Inference under Mixed Models,” Bioinformatics 19, 1572–1574 (2003).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Tamura, K., Dudley, J.L., Nei, M., et al., “MEGA4: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis (MEGA) Software Version 4.0,” Mol. Biol. Evol., No. 24, 1596–1599 (2007).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Tamura, K., Peterson, D., Peterson, N., et al., “MEGA5: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis Using Maximum Likelihood, Evolutionary Distance, and Maximum Parsimony Methods,” Mol. Biol. Evol. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msr121, pp. 1–24 (2011).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Tavaré, S., “Some Probabilistic and Statistical Problems in the Analysis of DNA Sequence,” Lect. Math. Life Sci. 17, 57–86 (1986).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Tutt, J.W., A Natural History of British Lepidoptera (London, 1902).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Vári, L., Kroon, D.M., and Krüger, M., Classification and Checklist of the Species of Lepidoptera Recorded in Southern Africa (Chastwood, Australia, 2002).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Wiltshire, E.P., “An Illustrated, Annotated Catalogue of the Macro-Heterocera of Saudi Arabia. Lasiocampidae,” in Fauna of Saudi Arabia, No. 11 (1990), pp. 91–250.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Zolotuhin, V.V., “A Classification of the Lasiocampidae (Lepidoptera) of Holarctic Fauna,” in Proc. XX Int. Entomological Congr. (Firenze, 1996), p. 53.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zolotuhin, V.V., “A Review of the Genus Chionopsyche Aurivillius, 1909 (Lepidoptera, Lasiocampidae: Chionopsychinae) with Description of a New Species,” Atalanta 41, 361–366 (2010).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. V. Zolotuhin
    • 1
  • R. V. Efimov
    • 2
    • 3
  • V. V. Anikin
    • 2
  • A. G. Demin
    • 2
  • M. V. Knushevitskaya
    • 2
  1. 1.Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical UniversityUlyanovskRussia
  2. 2.Chernyshevskii Saratov State UniversitySaratovRussia
  3. 3.Sechenov Moscow Medical AcademyMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations