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Entomological Review

, Volume 86, Issue 7, pp 840–850 | Cite as

Taxonomy of leafminers of the genus Phyllonorycter Hübner (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) associated with ulmaceous plants (Ulmaceae)

  • V. I. Kuznetzov
  • S. V. Baryshnikova
Article

Abstract

A contribution to the taxonomy of the genus Phyllonorycter Hübner (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) is proposed, based on the morphological study of species developing on Ulmaceae. Species trophically associated with Ulmaceae belong to two subgenera: Phyllonorycter s. str. and a new subgenus, Juxtafera Baryshnikova, subgen. n. (type species Tinea tristrigella Hw.), both representing complex taxa. Three species-groups including species feeding on Ulmaceae as well as morphologically similar species developing on Betulaceae, Fabaceae, Salicaceae, Juglandaceae, and Rosaceae are established within the nominotypical subgenus; several species are characterized by disjunct oligophagy, consuming Ulmaceae together with plants of other families. Juxtafera subgen. n., established on the basis of the development of juxta in the male genitalia, is divided into 6 species-groups whose representatives are mainly strict oligophages, being predominantly associated with plants of three unrelated families Ulmaceae, Rosaceae, and Caprifoliaceae. Based on the comparative morphology of the male genitalia, evolutionary trends in Juxtafera are hypothesized.

Keywords

Entomological Review Male Genitalia Fore Wing Group Diagnosis Wing Pattern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. I. Kuznetzov
    • 1
  • S. V. Baryshnikova
    • 1
  1. 1.Zoological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

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