Advertisement

Cosmic Research

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 54–63 | Cite as

Modeling of response of the thermosphere-ionosphere system to sudden stratospheric warmings of years 2008 and 2009

  • M. V. Klimenko
  • V. V. Klimenko
  • Yu. N. Koren’kov
  • F. S. Bessarab
  • I. V. Karpov
  • K. G. Ratovsky
  • M. A. Chernigovskaya
Article

Abstract

A study of the response of the thermosphere and ionosphere to sudden stratospheric warmings (SSWs) which occurred in January of 2008 and 2009 is presented. The Global Self-consistent Model of the Thermosphere, Ionosphere, and Protonosphere (GSM TIP) developed in the West Department of IZMIRAN was a theoretical basis for this study. A comparison of the simulation results of the thermosphere-ionosphere response to SSW events with the observational data over Irkutsk and also with theoretical and experimental studies carried out during the recent years is performed. SSW events were modeled by setting disturbances in the neutral temperature and density at the lower boundary of the GSM TIP model (80 km above the Earth’s surface). It is shown that the disturbances related to SSW lead to substantial global effects in the thermosphere and ionosphere. The analysis of the experimental data showed that, in spite of very similar solar and geophysical conditions on the background of which two considered stratospheric warming events happened, the occurring disturbances in temperature at heights of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere differ substantially from each other, although some common regularities still take place especially at heights of the ionospheric F region.

Keywords

Total Electron Content Cosmic Research Planetary Wave Lower Thermosphere Stratospheric Warming 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Danilov, A.D., Kazimirovskii, E.S., Vergasova, G.V., and Khachikyan, G.Ya., Meteorologicheskie effekty v ionosfere (Meteorological Effects in the Ionosphere), Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1987.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chau, J.L., Goncharenko, L.P., Fejer, B.G., and Liu, H.L., Equatorial and Low Latitude Ionospheric Effects during Sudden Stratospheric Warming Events, Space Sci. Rev., 2011. doi: 10.1007/s11214-011-9797-5.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    O’Neill, A., Stratospheric Sudden Warmings, in Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, San Diego: Elsevier Science, 2003, pp. 1342–1353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Walterscheid, R.A., Sivijee, G.G., and Roble, R.G., Mesospheric and Lower Thermospheric Manifestation of a Stratospheric Warming over Eureka, Canada (80°N), Geophys. Res. Lett., 2000, vol. 27, no. 18, pp. 2897–2900.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hoffmann, P., Singer, W., Keuer, D., Hocking, W.K., Kunze, M., and Murayama, Y., Latitudinal and Longitudinal Variability of Mesospheric Winds and Temperatures during Stratospheric Warming Events, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 2007, vol. 69, nos. 17–18, pp. 2355–2366.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Siskind, D.E., Coy, L., and Espy, P., Observations of Stratospheric Warmings and Mesospheric Coolings by the TIMED SABER Instrument, Geophys. Res. Lett., 2005, vol. 32, p. L09804. doi: 10.1029/2005GL022399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Goncharenko, L.P. and Zhang, S.R., Ionospheric Signatures of Sudden Stratospheric Warming: Ion Temperature at Middle Latitude, Geophys. Res. Lett., 2008, vol. 35, p. L21103. doi: 10.1029/2008GL035684.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Goncharenko, L.P., Coster, A.J., Chau, J.L., and Vallandares, C.E., Impact of Sudden Stratospheric Warming on Equatorial Ionization Anomaly, J. Geophys. Res., 2010, vol. 115, A00G07. doi: 10.1029/2010JA015400.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Goncharenko, L.P., Chau, J.L., Liu, H.-L., and Coster, A.J., Unexpected Connection between the Stratosphere and Ionosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 2010, vol. 37, p. L10101. doi: 10.1029/2010GL043125.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pancheva, D., Mitchell, N., Clark, R.R., Drobjeva, J., and Lastovicka, J., Variability in the Maximum Height of the Ionospheric F2 — Layer over Millstone Hill (September 1998–March 2000): Influence from Below and Above, Ann. Geophys., 2002, vol. 20, pp. 1807–1819.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pancheva, D. and Mukhtarov, P., Stratospheric Warmings: The Atmosphere-Ionosphere Coupling Paradigm, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 2011, vol. 73, no. 13, pp. 1697–1702. doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2011.03.006.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Altadill, D., Apostolov, E.M., Sole, J.G., and Jacobi, C., Origin and Development of Vertical Propagating Oscillations with Periods of Planetary Waves in the Ionospheric F Region, Phys. Chem. Earth, 2001, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 387–393.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Danilov, A.D. and Vanina, L.B., Relation between Parameters of Stratosphere and Ionospheric F2 Layer, Intern. Journal of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 2004, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 237–250.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Liu, H.L. and Roble, R.G., A Study of a Self-Generated Stratospheric Sudden Warming and Its Mesospheric/Lower Thermospheric Impacts Using Coupled TIME-GCM/CCM3, J. Geophys. Res., 2002, vol. 107, no. D23, p. 4695. doi: 10.1029/2001JD0011533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liu, H.-L. and Roble, R.G., Dynamical Coupling of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere in the 2002 Southern Hemisphere Major Stratospheric Sudden Warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 2005, vol. 32, p. L13804. doi: 10.1029/2005GL022939.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Liu, H.-L., Wang, W., Richmond, A.D., and Roble, R.G., Ionospheric Variability due to Planetary Waves and Tides for Solar Minimum Conditions, J. Geophys. Res., 2010, vol. 115, A00G07, p. 1–13. doi: 10.1029/2009JA015188.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fuller-Rowell, T., Wang, H., Akmaev, R., Wu, F., Fang, T.W., Iredell, M., and Richmond, A.D., Forecasting the Dynamic and Electrodynamic Response to the January 2009 Sudden Stratospheric Warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011, vol. 38, p. L13102. doi: 10.1029/2011GL047732.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fuller-Rowell, T., Wu, F., Akmaev, R., Fang, T.W., and Araujo-Pradere, E., A Whole Atmosphere Model Simulation of the Impact of a Sudden Stratospheric Warming on Thermosphere Dynamics and Electrodynamics, J. Geophys. Res., 2010, vol. 115, A00G08. doi: 10.1029/2010JA015524.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lastovicka, J., Monitoring and Forecasting of Ionospheric Space Weather-Effects of Geomagnetic Storms, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 2002, vol. 64, nos. 5–6, pp. 697–705.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lilensten, J. and Blelly, P.L., The TEC and F2 Parameters as Tracers of Ionosphere and Thermosphere, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 2002, vol. 64, no. 7, pp. 775–793.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Chau, J.L., Aponte, N.A., Cabossa, E., Sulzer, M.P., Goncharenko, L.P., and Gonzalez, S.A., Quiet Time Ionospheric Variability over Arecibo during Sudden Stratospheric Warming Events, J. Geophys. Res., 2010, vol. 115, A00G06. doi: 10.1029/2010JA015378.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yue, X., Schreiner, W.S., Lei, J., Rocken, C., Hunt, D.C., Kuo, Y.-H., and Wan, W., Global Ionospheric Response Observed by COSMIC Satellites during the January 2009 Stratospheric Sudden Warming Event, J. Geophys. Res., 2010, vol. 115, A00G09. doi: 10.1029/2010JA015466.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Namgaladze, A.A., Korenkov, Yu.N., Klimenko, V.V., Karpov, I.V., Bessarab, F.S., Surotkin, V.A., Glushchenko, T.A., and Naumova, N.M., Global Model of the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Protonosphere System, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 1988, vol. 127, nos. 2/3, pp. 219–254.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Namgaladze, A.A., Korenkov, Yu.N., Klimenko, V.V., Karpov, I.V., Bessarab, F.S., Surotkin, V.A., Glushchenko, T.A., and Naumova, N.M., Global Numerical Model of Thermosphere, Ionosphere, and Protonosphere of the Earth, Geomagn. Aeron., 1990, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 612–619.ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zhang, Y. and Paxton, L.J., An Empirical Kp-Dependent Global Auroral Model Based on TIMED/GUVI FUV Data, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 2008, vol. 70, nos. 8–9, pp. 1231–1242.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Klimenko, V.V., Klimenko, M.V., and Bryukhanov, V.V., Numerical Simulation of the Electric Field and Zonal Current in the Earth’s Ionosphere: Problem Formulations and Test Calculations, Math. Model., 2006, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 77–92.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Klimenko, M.V., Klimenko, V.V., and Bryukhanov, V.V., Numerical Simulation of the Electric Field and Zonal Current in the Earth’s Ionosphere: Dynamo Field and Equatorial Electrojet, Geomagn. Aeron., 2006, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 485–494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Froehlich, K., Pogoreltsev, A., and Jacobi, Ch., Numerical Simulation of Tides, Rossby and Kelvin Waves with the COMMA-LIM Model, Adv. Space Res., 2003, vol. 32.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Funke, B., Lopez-Puertas, M., Bermejo-Pantaleon, D., Garcia-Comas, M., Stiller, G.P., von Clarmann, T., Kiefer, M., and Linden, A., Evidence for Dynamical Coupling from the Lower Atmosphere to the Thermosphere during a Major Stratospheric Warming, J. Geophys. Res., 2010, vol. 37, p. L13803. doi: 10.1029/2010GL043619.ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Schwartz, M.J., Lambert, A., Manney, G.L., Read, W.D., Livesey, N.J., Froidevaux, L., Ao, C.O., Bernath, P.F., Boone, C.D., Cofield, R.E., Daffer, W.H., Drouin, B.J., Fetzer, E.J., Fuller, R.A., Jarnot, R.F., Jiang, J.H., Knosp, B.W., Krueger, K., Li, J.-L.F., Mlynczak, M.G., Pawson, S., Russell III, J.M., Santee, M.L., Snyder, W.V., Stek, P.C., Thurstans, R.P., Tompkins, A.M., Wagner, P.A., Walker, K.A., Waters, J.W., and Wu, D.L., Validation of the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder Temperature and Geopotential Height Measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 2008, vol. 113, D15S11. doi: 10.1029/2007JD008783.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Reinisch, B.W., Haines, D.M., Bibl, K., Galkin, I., Huang, X., Kitrosser, D.F., Sales, G.S., and Scali, J.L., Ionospheric Sounding Support of OTH Radar, Radio Sci., 1997, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 1681–1694.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Reinisch, B.W., Galkin, I.A., Khmyrov, G., Kozlov, A., and Kitrosser, D.F., Automated Collection and Dissemination of Ionospheric Data from the Digisonde Network, Advances in Radio Science, 2004, vol. 2, pp. 241–247.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Khmyrov G.M., Galkin I.A., Kozlov A.V., Reinisch B.W., McElroy J., and Dozois C., Exploring Digisonde Ionogram Data with SAO-X and DIDBase, in Radio Sounding and Plasma Physics, AIP Conference Proceedings 974, 2008, pp. 175–185.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Bessarab F.S., Korenkov Yu.N., Klimenko M.V., Klimenko V.V., Karpov I.V., Ratovsky K.G., Chernigovskaya M.A., and Shcherbakov A.A., Modeling the Effect of Sudden Stratospheric Warming within the Thermosphere-Ionosphere System, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 2012.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Fejer, B.G., Tracy, B.D., Olson, M.E., and Chau, J.L., Enhanced Lunar Semidiurnal Equatorial Vertical Plasma Drifts during Sudden Stratospheric Warmings, Geophys. Res. Lett., 2011, vol. 38, p. L21104. doi: 10.1029/2011GL049788.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. V. Klimenko
    • 1
  • V. V. Klimenko
    • 1
  • Yu. N. Koren’kov
    • 1
  • F. S. Bessarab
    • 1
  • I. V. Karpov
    • 1
  • K. G. Ratovsky
    • 2
  • M. A. Chernigovskaya
    • 2
  1. 1.West Department of Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere, and Radio Wave PropagationRussian Academy of SciencesKaliningradRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia

Personalised recommendations