Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 84, Issue 11, pp 1403–1410 | Cite as

Na+-Translocating Ferredoxin:NAD+ Oxidoreductase Is a Component of Photosynthetic Electron Transport Chain in Green Sulfur Bacteria

  • Y. V. Bertsova
  • M. D. Mamedov
  • A. V. BogachevEmail author


Genomes of photoautotrophic organisms containing type I photosynthetic reaction center were searched for the rnf genes encoding Na+-translocating ferredoxin:NAD+ oxidoreductase (RNF). These genes were absent in heliobacteria, cyanobacteria, algae, and plants; however, genomes of many green sulfur bacteria (especially marine ones) were found to contain the full rnf operon. Analysis of RNA isolated from the marine green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium phaeovibrioides revealed a high level of rnf expression. It was found that the activity of Na+-dependent flavodoxin:NAD+ oxidoreductase detected in the membrane fraction of Chl. phaeovibrioides was absent in the membrane fraction of the freshwater green sulfur bacterium Chlorobaculum limnaeum, which is closely related to Chl. phaeovibrioides but whose genome lacks the rnf genes. Illumination of the membrane fraction of Chl. phaeovibrioides but not of Cba. limnaeum resulted in the light-induced NAD+ reduction. Based on the obtained data, we concluded that in some green sulfur bacteria, RNF may be involved in the NADH formation that should increase the efficiency of light energy conservation in these microorganisms and can serve as the first example of the use of Na+ energetics in photosynthetic electron transport chains.


Na+-translocating ferredoxin:NAD+ oxidoreductase transmembrane sodium transport green sulfur bacteria non-cyclic photosynthetic electron transport chain 


Fd, Fdox, Fdred

ferredoxin and its oxidized and reduced forms, respectively

Fld, Fldox, Fldsq, Fldred

flavodoxin and its oxidized, semiquinone, and fully reduced forms, respectively


Fldred:NAD+ oxidoreductase


water-soluble ferredoxin-NAD(P)+ reductase


pyruvate:ferredoxin (flavodoxin) oxidoreductase


Na+-translocating ferredoxin:NAD+ oxidoreductase


reverse transcription/quantitative polymerase chain reaction


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We are grateful to Dr. O. I. Keppen and Prof. R. N. Ivanovsky for kindly providing Cba. limnaeum cells and helpful discussions and to Dr. V. A. Kostyrko for valuable insights.


This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project 19-14-00063).


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. V. Bertsova
    • 1
  • M. D. Mamedov
    • 1
  • A. V. Bogachev
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical BiologyLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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