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Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 83, Issue 7, pp 846–854 | Cite as

In vivo Proinflammatory Cytokine Production by CD-1 Mice in Response to Equipotential Doses of Rhodobacter capsulatus PG and Salmonella enterica Lipopolysaccharides

  • D. S. Kabanov
  • V. A. Rykov
  • S. V. Prokhorenko
  • A. N. Murashev
  • I. R. Prokhorenko
Article
  • 20 Downloads

Abstract

The capacities of relatively nontoxic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Rhodobacter capsulatus PG and highly potent LPS from Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium to evoke proinflammatory cytokine production have been compared in vivo. Intravenous administration of S. enterica LPS at a relatively low dose (1 mg/kg body weight) led to upregulation of TNF-α, IL-6, and IFN-γ production by non-sensitized CD-1 mice. LPS from R. capsulatus PG used at a four-times higher dose than that from S. enterica elicited production of almost the same amount of systemic TNF-α; therefore, the doses of 4 mg/kg LPS from R. capsulatus PG and 1 mg/kg LPS from S. enterica were considered to be approximately equipotential doses with respect to the LPS-dependent TNF-α production by CD-1 mice. Rhodobacter capsulatus PG LPS was a weaker inducer of the production of TNF-α, IL-6, and IFN-γ, as compared to the equipotential dose of S. enterica LPS. Administration of R. capsulatus PG LPS before S. enterica LPS decreased production of IFN-γ, but not of TNF-α and IL-6, induced by S. enterica LPS. Rhodobacter capsulatus PG LPS also suppressed IFN-γ production induced by S. enterica LPS when R. capsulatus PG LPS had been injected as little as 10 min after S. enterica LPS, but to a much lesser extent. Rhodobacter capsulatus PG LPS did not affect TNF-α and IL-6 production induced by the equipotential dose of S. enterica LPS. In order to draw conclusion on the endotoxic activity of particular LPSs, species-specific structure or arrangement of the animal or human immune systems should be considered.

Keywords

LPS lipid A Rhodobacter capsulatus Salmonella enterica CD-1 mice cytokines TNF-α IL-6 IFN-γ 

Abbreviations

fMLP

N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe

IFN

interferon

IL

interleukin

Me

median

IQR

interquartile range

LOS

lipooligosaccharide

LPS

lipopolysaccharide

MD-2

myeloid differentiation factor 2, a secreted glycoprotein

PRR

pattern recognition receptor

TLR

Toll-like receptor

TNF

tumor necrosis factor

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. S. Kabanov
    • 1
  • V. A. Rykov
    • 2
  • S. V. Prokhorenko
    • 3
  • A. N. Murashev
    • 2
  • I. R. Prokhorenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Basic Biological ProblemsRussian Academy of SciencesPushchinoRussia
  2. 2.Branch of Shemyakin and Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesPushchinoRussia
  3. 3.Federal Research and Clinical Center of Intensive Care Medicine and RehabilitationMoscowRussia

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