Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 82, Issue 6, pp 678–691 | Cite as

Structure of plastid genomes of photosynthetic eukaryotes

  • N. P. YurinaEmail author
  • L. S. Sharapova
  • M. S. Odintsova


This review presents current views on the plastid genomes of higher plants and summarizes data on the size, structural organization, gene content, and other features of plastid DNAs. Special emphasis is placed on the properties of organization of land plant plastid genomes (nucleoids) that distinguish them from bacterial genomes. The prospects of genetic engineering of chloroplast genomes are discussed.


plastids photosynthetic eukaryotes chloroplast genome 



inverted repeat


thousand base pairs


large single copy region


nuclear-localized plastid DNA


small single copy region


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. P. Yurina
    • 1
    Email author
  • L. S. Sharapova
    • 1
  • M. S. Odintsova
    • 1
  1. 1.Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Research Center of BiotechnologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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