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Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 82, Issue 6, pp 643–654 | Cite as

Role of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) in DNA repair

  • A. A. Kosova
  • S. N. Khodyreva
  • O. I. Lavrik
Review

Abstract

Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is widely known as a glycolytic enzyme. Nevertheless, various functions of GAPDH have been found that are unrelated to glycolysis. Some of these functions presume interaction of GAPDH with DNA, but the mechanism of its translocation to the nucleus is not fully understood. When in the nucleus, GAPDH participates in the initiation of apoptosis and transcription of genes involved in antiapoptotic pathways and cell proliferation and plays a role in the regulation of telomere length. Several authors have shown that GAPDH displays the uracil-DNA glycosylase activity and interacts with some types of DNA damages, such as apurinic/apyrimidinic sites, nucleotide analogs, and covalent DNA adducts with alkylating agents. Moreover, GAPDH can interact with proteins participating in DNA repair, such as APE1, PARP1, HMGB1, and HMGB2. In this review, the functions of GAPDH associated with DNA repair are discussed in detail.

Keywords

GAPDH glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase protein–DNA interactions DNA repair AP site 

Abbreviations

AP site

apurinic/apyrimidinic site

APE1

apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1

GAPDH

glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase

HMGB1/2

high-mobility group proteins B1 and B2

PARP1

poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1

UDG

uracil-DNA glycosylase

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Kosova
    • 1
  • S. N. Khodyreva
    • 1
    • 2
  • O. I. Lavrik
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental MedicineSiberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Novosibirsk State UniversityNovosibirskRussia

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