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Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 81, Issue 3, pp 224–232 | Cite as

Age-related changes in antioxidant and glutathione S-transferase enzyme activities in the Asian clam

  • J. VrankovićEmail author
Article

Abstract

Aging is accompanied by increased production of free oxygen radicals and impairment of normal cellular functions. The aim of this work was to provide preliminary data on age-related differences in the activities of antioxidant enzymes and phase II biotransformation enzyme glutathione S-transferase (GST) in a wild population of the Asian clam Corbicula fluminea. The antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), glutathione reductase (GR), and GST were assessed in visceral mass of four age classes (0+-, 1+-, 2+-, and 3+-year-old) of C. fluminea clams. Age-related changes were seen in antioxidant enzyme status: levels of total SOD (totSOD) (P < 0.05), MnSOD, and CuZnSOD (P < 0.05) activities increased progressively during aging from younger to older clams. Changes in CAT and GR activities with advancing age were found, the levels being the highest in age class II, then being lower in age classes III and IV (P < 0.05). Activities of GPX and GST were lower in the senescent individuals (2+- and 3+-year-old clams) compared with young individuals (0+- and 1+-year-old clams). Overall, the decline of glutathione-dependent enzyme activities, coupled with higher and lower activities of totSOD and CAT, respectively, as the individual grows older, may render the older animals more susceptible to oxidative stress. Data reported here are not intended to be exhaustive since they concern only age/size structure of the population at one locality, so more detailed studies on both the developmental stages and levels of antioxidant enzymes of this new alien species in Serbian rivers are required.

Key words

Asian clam antioxidant enzyme GST aging 

Abbreviations

CAT

catalase

GPX

glutathione peroxidase

GR

glutathione reductase

GSH

reduced glutathione

GST

glutathione S-transferase

ROS

reactive oxygen species

SOD

superoxide dismutase

totSOD

total superoxide dismutase (MnSOD + CuZnSOD)

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Biological Research “Siniša Stanković”, Department of EcologyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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