Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 81, Issue 3, pp 201–212 | Cite as

Chlorophylls d and f and their role in primary photosynthetic processes of cyanobacteria

  • S. I. AllakhverdievEmail author
  • V. D. Kreslavski
  • S. K. Zharmukhamedov
  • R. A. Voloshin
  • D. V. Korol’kova
  • T. Tomo
  • J.-R. Shen


The finding of unique Chl d- and Chl f-containing cyanobacteria in the last decade was a discovery in the area of biology of oxygenic photosynthetic organisms. Chl b, Chl c, and Chl f are considered to be accessory pigments found in antennae systems of photosynthetic organisms. They absorb energy and transfer it to the photosynthetic reaction center (RC), but do not participate in electron transport by the photosynthetic electron transport chain. However, Chl d as well as Chl a can operate not only in the light-harvesting complex, but also in the photosynthetic RC. The long-wavelength (Qy) Chl d and Chl f absorption band is shifted to longer wavelength (to 750 nm) compared to Chl a, which suggests the possibility for oxygenic photosynthesis in this spectral range. Such expansion of the photosynthetically active light range is important for the survival of cyanobacteria when the intensity of light not exceeding 700 nm is attenuated due to absorption by Chl a and other pigments. At the same time, energy storage efficiency in photosystem 2 for cyanobacteria containing Chl d and Chl f is not lower than that of cyanobacteria containing Chl a. Despite great interest in these unique chlorophylls, many questions related to functioning of such pigments in primary photosynthetic processes are still not elucidated. This review describes the latest advances in the field of Chl d and Chl f research and their role in primary photosynthetic processes of cyanobacteria.

Key words

chlorophyll d chlorophyll f photosystem 1 photosystem 2 photosynthesis energetics of photosystems spectral properties cyanobacteria 





photosynthetic apparatus




photosystem 1


photosystem 2


reaction center


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. I. Allakhverdiev
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • V. D. Kreslavski
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. K. Zharmukhamedov
    • 2
  • R. A. Voloshin
    • 1
  • D. V. Korol’kova
    • 1
  • T. Tomo
    • 4
    • 5
  • J.-R. Shen
    • 6
  1. 1.Timiryazev Institute of Plant PhysiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Basic Biological ProblemsRussian Academy of SciencesPushchino, Moscow RegionRussia
  3. 3.Faculty of BiologyLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceTokyo University of ScienceTokyoJapan
  5. 5.PRESTOJapan Science and Technology Agency (JST)SaitamaJapan
  6. 6.Faculty of Science, Photosynthesis Research Center, Graduate School of Natural Science and TechnologyOkayama UniversityOkayamaJapan

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