Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 81, Issue 2, pp 101–113 | Cite as

Mitochondrial genome structure of photosynthetic eukaryotes

  • N. P. YurinaEmail author
  • M. S. Odintsova


Current ideas of plant mitochondrial genome organization are presented. Data on the size and structural organization of mtDNA, gene content, and peculiarities are summarized. Special emphasis is given to characteristic features of the mitochondrial genomes of land plants and photosynthetic algae that distinguish them from the mitochondrial genomes of other eukaryotes. The data published before the end of 2014 are reviewed.

Key words

mitochondria photosynthetic eukaryotes mitochondrial genome 



chloroplast DNA


horizontal gene transfer


multiple organellar RNA editing factor interacting proteins


pentatricopeptide repeat




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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bach Institute of BiochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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