Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 80, Issue 5, pp 532–541 | Cite as


  • V. A. Popkov
  • E. Y. Plotnikov
  • K. G. Lyamzaev
  • D. N. Silachev
  • L. D. Zorova
  • I. B. Pevzner
  • S. S. Jankauskas
  • S. D. Zorov
  • V. A. Babenko
  • D. B. Zorov


Here, in addition to the previously coined term “mitobiota”, we introduce the term “mitodiversity” for various phenotypic and genetic heterogeneities of mitochondria within the same cell or organ. Based on data on the mitochondrial transmembrane potential determined both in situ and in vitro under normal conditions and after organ ischemia/reperfusion, such heterogeneity is most evident under pathologic conditions. Herein, a part of the mitochondrial population with transmembrane potential typical of the normal state is sustained even under a pathological condition that, perhaps, underlies the development of ways of reversing pathology back to the normal state. The membrane potentials of isolated mitochondria were shown to directly correlate with the magnitude of side-scattered light depicting internal structure of mitochondria. We analyzed possible interpretations of data on mitochondrial membrane potential obtained using fluorescent probes. We suggest a possible mechanism underlying retention of fluorescent probes inside the cells and mitochondria.

Key words

mitochondria heterogeneity diversity chondriome population analysis membrane potential ischemia pathology lesion 



mitochondrial DNA


tetramethylrhodamine ethyl ester


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. A. Popkov
    • 1
  • E. Y. Plotnikov
    • 2
  • K. G. Lyamzaev
    • 2
  • D. N. Silachev
    • 2
  • L. D. Zorova
    • 3
  • I. B. Pevzner
    • 2
  • S. S. Jankauskas
    • 2
  • S. D. Zorov
    • 1
  • V. A. Babenko
    • 1
  • D. B. Zorov
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Bioengineering and BioinformaticsLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical BiologyLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.International Laser CenterLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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