Normal level of sepsis-associated phenylcarboxylic acids in human serum
Previous studies showed that large amounts of phenylcarboxylic acids (PhCAs) are accumulated in a septic patient’s blood due to increased endogenous and microbial phenylalanine and tyrosine biotransformation. Frequently, biochemical aromatic amino acid transformation into PhCAs is considered functionally insignificant for people without monogenetic hereditary diseases. The blood of healthy people contains the same PhCAs that are typical for septic patients as shown in this paper. The overall serum PhCAs level was 6 μM on average as measured by gas chromatography with flame ionization detection. This level is a stable biochemical parameter indicating the normal metabolism of aromatic amino acids. The concentrations of PhCAs in the metabolic profile of healthy people are distributed as follows: phenylacetic ≈ p-hydroxyphenyllactic > p-hydroxyphenylacetic > phenyllactic ≈ phenylpropionic > benzoic. We conclude that maintaining of stable PhCAs level in the serum is provided as the result of integration of human endogenous metabolic pathways and microbiota.
Key wordstyrosine metabolism sepsis phenylcarboxylic acids phenyllactic acid p-hydroxyphenyllactic acid phenylpropionic acid benzoic acid microbiota
gas chromatography with flame ionization detection
gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry
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