Cation-pi interactions at non-redundant protein-RNA interfaces
Cation-pi interactions have proved to be important in proteins and protein-ligand complexes. Here, cation-pi interactions are analyzed for 282 non-redundant protein-RNA interfaces. The statistical results show that this kind of interactions exists in 65% of the interfaces. The four RNA bases are ranked as Gua > Ade > Ura > Cyt according to their propensity to participate in cation-pi interactions. The corresponding ranking for the involved amino acid residues is: Arg > Lys > Asn > Gln. The same trends are obtained based on the empirical energy calculation. The Arg-Gua pairs have the greatest stability and are also most frequently observed. The number of cation-pi pairs involving unpaired bases is 2.5 times as many as those involving paired bases. Hence, cation-pi interactions show sequence and structural specificities. For the bicyclic bases, Gua and Ade, their 5-atom rings participate in cation-pi interactions somewhat more than the 6-atom rings, with percentages of 54 and 46%, respectively, which is due to the higher cation-pi participation proportion (63%) of 5-atom rings in the paired bases. These results give a general view of cation-pi interactions at protein-RNA interfaces and are helpful in understanding the specific recognition between protein and RNA.
Key wordscation-pi interactions protein-RNA interfaces sequence and structural specificities electrostatic energy ab initio
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