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Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 78, Issue 13, pp 1466–1489 | Cite as

Hypochlorous acid as a precursor of free radicals in living systems

  • O. M. PanasenkoEmail author
  • I. V. Gorudko
  • A. V. Sokolov
Review

Abstract

Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is produced in the human body by the family of mammalian heme peroxidases, mainly by myeloperoxidase, which is secreted by neutrophils and monocytes at sites of inflammation. This review discusses the reactions that occur between HOCl and the major classes of biologically important molecules (amino acids, proteins, nucleotides, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, lipids, and inorganic substances) to form free radicals. The generation of such free radical intermediates by HOCl and other reactive halogen species is accompanied by the development of halogenative stress, which causes a number of socially important diseases, such as cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, infectious, and other diseases usually associated with inflammatory response and characterized by the appearance of biomarkers of myeloperoxidase and halogenative stress. Investigations aimed at elucidating the mechanisms regulating the activity of enzyme systems that are responsible for the production of reactive halogen species are a crucial step in opening possibilities for control of the development of the body’s inflammatory response.

Key words

myeloperoxidase hypochlorous acid free radicals reactive halogen species halogenative stress biomarker of myeloperoxidase inflammation 

Abbreviations

DMPO

5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide

EPO

eosinophil peroxidase

Hal

halogen

LOOH

lipid hydroperoxide

LPO

lipid peroxidation

MPO

myeloperoxidase

RHS

reactive halogen species

ROS

reactive oxygen species

SOD

superoxide dismutase

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. M. Panasenko
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • I. V. Gorudko
    • 3
  • A. V. Sokolov
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Research Institute of Physico-Chemical MedicineMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Pirogov Russian National Research Medical UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Department of BiophysicsBelarusian State UniversityMinskBelarus
  4. 4.Institute of Experimental MedicineNorth West Branch of the Russian Academy of Medical SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

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