RETRACTED ARTICLE: Human leptin triggers proliferation of A549 cells via blocking endoplasmic reticulum stress-related apoptosis
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Lung cancer is a disease characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. Leptin is a pleiotropic hormone with antiapoptotic and proliferative roles involved in several systems. However, there is no known antiapoptotic mechanism of leptin in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). So, we investigated the antiapoptotic mechanism of leptin in NSCLC. Proliferation, apoptosis, and the specific mechanism of leptin-transfected cells were analyzed in this study. Leptin, p-Perk, IRE1, cleaved ATF6, spliced XBP1, eIF2-α, TRAF2, CHOP, and caspase 12 proteins were detected by Western blot, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-related mRNA was detected by semi-quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR). Leptin in A549 and transfected cells inhibited cisplatin-activated ER stress-associated mRNA transcription and activation of proteins. ER stress unfolded protein response (UPR) proteins, PERK and ATF6, were involved in leptin-triggered apoptosis. XBP1 and TRAF2 were increased significantly when treated with cisplatin in A549-siLPT and non-transfected cells. CHOP expression was blocked in A549 and transfected cells (LPT-PeP and LPT-EX cells). In conclusion, leptin can promote the proliferation of A549 cells through blocking ER stress-mediated apoptosis. This blocking is mediated by the p-Perk and ATF6 pathway through blocking activation of CHOP.
Key wordsapoptosis ER stress cell growth leptin TRAF2 XPB1
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