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Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 78, Issue 2, pp 127–143 | Cite as

Natural antibodies to nucleic acids

  • V. N. Buneva
  • M. A. Krasnorutskii
  • G. A. NevinskyEmail author
Review

Abstract

Blood of healthy donors contains low concentrations of autoantibodies to its own components, including DNA and RNA. Increased concentrations of antibodies to DNA and RNA have been found in blood of people and animals with autoimmune diseases and viral and bacterial infections. Detection of different antibodies with catalytic activities, including abzymes with DNase and RNase activities, is the earliest indicator of the development of some autoimmune diseases. This review reveals possible mechanisms of generation of anti-DNA and anti-RNA antibodies without catalytic activities and abzymes in normal organisms and in organisms with different pathologies. A possible role of these autoantibodies and the reasons of their exceptional diversity in normal organisms and in organisms with different autoimmune diseases are discussed.

Key words

antibodies against DNA and RNA natural abzymes healthy donors autoimmune diseases 

Abbreviations

Abs

antibodies

AID

autoimmune disease

AIT

autoimmune thyroiditis

BFU-E

erythroid burst-forming unit

BMSC

bone marrow stem cells

CFU-GEM

granulocyticerythroid-megakaryocytic-macrophagic colony-forming unit

CFU-GM

granulocytic-macrophagic colony-forming unit

ELISA

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

HSA

human serum albumin

MBP

myelin basic protein

MS

multiple sclerosis

SLE

systemic lupus erythematosus

ss and ds

single-stranded and double-stranded (DNA)

VIP

vasoactive neuropeptide

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. N. Buneva
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. A. Krasnorutskii
    • 1
  • G. A. Nevinsky
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental MedicineSiberian Division of the Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Novosibirsk State UniversityNovosibirskRussia

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