Advertisement

Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 77, Issue 13, pp 1553–1574 | Cite as

Using lanthanide-based resonance energy transfer for in vitro and in vivo studies of biological processes

  • V. V. Zherdeva
  • A. P. SavitskyEmail author
Review

Abstract

This review describes key directions in the development of different probes based on complex compounds of lanthanides for in vitro and in vivo researches. The role of microsecond fluorescence of lanthanides for overcoming problems of background fluorescence is considered. The basic classes of synthetic and genetically encoded complex compounds of lanthanides are summarized. Main principles of designing lanthanide-based molecular sensors, including FRET sensors based on lanthanides and colored fluorescent proteins are described. Their applications in bioanalytical research and cellular bioimaging are described. The main principles of cellular bioimaging using lanthanides are formulated, questions of their delivery into cells are considered, and the problem of their potential toxicity for living organisms is discussed. A technique using multiphoton excitation of lanthanides is described.

Key words

lanthanide fluorescence assay time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer (TR-FRET) lanthanide-binding peptides (LBPs) fluorescent proteins (FPs) multiphoton excitation bioimaging molecular sensors 

Abbreviations

BCPDA

4,7-bis(chlorosulfophenyl)-1,10-phenanthroline-2,9-dicarbonic acid

DELFIA

dissociative enhanced lanthanide fluorescence immunoassay

DOTA

1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N,N′,N″,N‴-tetraacetic acid

DTPA

diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid

EALL

enzyme-amplified lanthanide luminescence

EDTA

ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid

FIAgen (Cyberfluor)

fluorescence non-dissociative immunoassay

FLIM

fluorescence life-time imaging

FRET

fluorescence resonance energy transfer

GFP

green fluorescent protein

HTS

high throughput screening

LBP

lanthanide-binding peptide

PAPCA

polyaminopolycarbonic acid

TRACE

time-resolved amplified cryptate emission

TR-FRET

time-resolved FRET

TRF(I)A

time-resolved fluorescence (immuno)assay

TRLM

time-resolved luminescence microscopy

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Billinton, N., and Knight, A. W. (2001) Anal. Biochem., 291, 175–197.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Monici, M. (2005) Biotechnol. Annu. Rev., 11, 227–256.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pawley, J. B. (2006) Handbook of Biological Confocal Microscopy, 3rd Edn., Springer Science Business Media, N. Y., p. 985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yuan, J., and Wang, G. (2005) J. Fluoresc., 15, 559–568.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Corrodi, H., and Jonsson, G. (1967) J. Histochem. Cytochem., 15, 65–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Levenson, R. M., and Mansfield, J. R. (2006) Cytometry A, 69, 748–758.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shaner, N., Steinbach, P., and Tsien, R. Y. (2005) Nature Methods, 2, 905–909.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Roda, A., Guardigli, M., Michelini, E., and Mirasoli, M. (2009) Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 393, 109–123.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Van de Lest, C. H., Versteeg, E. M., Veerkamp, J. H., and Van Kuppevelt, T. H. (1995) J. Histochem. Cytochem., 43, 727–730.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Terpetschnig, E., Szmacinski, H., Malak, H., and Lakowicz, J. R. (1995) Biophys. J., 68, 342–350.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Piszczek, G. (2006) Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 453, 54–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Thibon, A., and Pierre, V. C. (2009) Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 394, 107–120.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rajapakse, H. E., Reddy, D. R., Mohandessi, S., Butlin, N. G., and Miller, L. W. (2009) Angew. Chem. Int., 48, 4990–4992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lissemore, J. L., Jankowski, J. T., Thomas, C. B., Mascotti, D. P., and deHaseth, P. L. (2000) Biotechniques, 28, 82–84.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Galland, P., and Senger, H. (1988) J. Photochem. Photobiol. B: Biol., 1, 277–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Viegas, M. S., Martins, T. C., Seco, F., and do Carmo, A. (2007) Eur. J. Histochem., 51, 59–66.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Cowe, T., Haven, A. J., and Burnstock, G. (1985) Histochemistry, 82, 205–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Neumann, M., and Gabel, D. (2002) J. Histochem. Cytochem., 50, 437–439.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sakamak, K., Takagi, C., Yoshino, J., Yokota, H., Nakamura, S., Kominam, K., Hyod, A., Takamune, K., Yuge, M., and Ueno, N. (2005) Dev. Dyn., 233, 562–569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kong, H. G., Choi, K. H., Heo, K. R., Lee, K. Y., Lee, H. J., Moon, B. J., and Lee, S.-W. (2009) Plant Pathol. J., 25, 136–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Shcherbo, D., Murphy, C. S., Ermakova, G. V., Solovieva, E. A., Chepurnykh, T. V., Shcheglov, A. S., Verkhusha, V. V., Pletnev, V. Z., Hazelwoo, K. L., Roche, P. M., Lukyanov, S. A., Zaraisky, A. G., Davidson, M. W., and Chudakov, D. M. (2009) Biochem. J., 418, 567–574.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Muller-Taubenberger, A., and Anderson, K. I. (2007) Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 77, 1–12.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Shcherbo, D., Shemiakina, I. I., Ryabova, A. V., Luker, K. E., Schmidt, B. T., Souslova, E. A., Gorodnicheva, T. V., Strukova, L., Shidlovskiy, K. M., Britanova, O. V., Zaraisky, A. G., Lukyanov, K. A., Loschenov, V. B., Luker, G. D., and Chudakov, D. M. (2010) Nat. Methods, 7, 827–829.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Binnemans, K. (2009) Chem. Rev., 109, 4283–4374.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Reisfel, R. (2002) Materials Science, 20, 5–18.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Selvin, P. R. (2002) Annu. Rev. Biophys. Biomembr., 31, 275–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Bunzli, J. C. (2004) Met. Ions Biol. Syst., 42, 39–75.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hemmila, I., and Laitala, V. (2005) J. Fluoresc., 15, 529–542.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Berlman, I. B. (1973) Energy Transfer Parameters of Aromatic Compounds, Academic Press, N. Y., pp. 70–80.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Mathis, G. (1993) Clin. Chem., 39, 1953–1959.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Selvin, P. R. (2000) Nat. Struct. Biol., 7, 730–734.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Weissman, S. I. (1942) J. Chem. Phys., 10, 214–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Whan, R. E., and Crosby, G. A. (1962) J. Mol. Spectrosc., 8, 315–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Balzani, V. (1990) J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chemistry, 51, 55–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Crosby, G. A., Whan, R. E., and Alire, R. M. (1961) J. Chem. Phys., 34, 743–748.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Crosby, G. A., Whan, R. E., and Freeman, J. J. (1962) J. Phys. Chem., 66, 2493–2499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Misra, V., and Mishra, H. J. (2008) Chem. Phys., 128, 244701.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Yang, C., Fu, L.-M., Wang, Y., Zhang, J.-P., Wong, W.-T., Ai, X.-C., Qiao, Y.-F., Zou, B.-S., and Gui, L.-L. (2004) Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 43, 5010–5013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Beeby, A., Faulkner, S., Parker, D., and Williams, J. A. G. (2001) J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans., 2, 1268–1273.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Breen, P. J., Hild, E. K., and Horrocks, W. D., Jr. (1985) Biochem. J., 24, 4991–4997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Supkowski, R. M., Bolender, J. P., Smith, W. D., Renyolds, L. E. L., and Horrocks, W. D., Jr. (1999) Coord. Chem. Rev., 185, 307–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Lazarides, T., Sykes, D., Faulkner, S., Barbieri, A., and Ward, M. D. (2008) Chem. Eur. J., 14, 9389–9399.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Richardson, F. S. (1982) Chem. Rev., 82, 541–552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Soini, E., and Lovgren, T. (1987) Anal. Chem., 18, 105–154.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Soini, E., and Hemmila, I. (1979) Clin. Biochem., 25, 353–361.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Hemilla, I., and Dakubu, S. (1986) US Patent 4,565,790.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Ponomareva, I. V., Savitsky, A. P., Shakhnina, K. L., and Shchegolev, A. A. (1989) Immunologiya, 4, 76–78.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Kostromina, N. A. (1980) REE Complexonates [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Soini, E., and Kojola, H. (1983) Clin. Chem., 29, 65–68.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Lovgren, T., Hemmila, I., Petterson, H., Eskola, I. U., and Bertoft, E. (1984) Talanta, 31, 909–916.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Toivonen, E., Hemmila, I., Marnieni, I., Lorgenson, P. N., Zeuthen, I., and Lovgren, T. (1986) Clin. Chem., 32, 637–640.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Suonpaa, M., Markela, E., Stahlberg, T., and Hemmila, I. (1992) J. Immunol. Methods, 149, 247–253.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Boerman, O. C., Thomas, C. M. G., Segern, M. F. C., Konemans, P., Lovgren, T., Surawaki, V. R., Haisma, H. J., and Foels, L. G. (1987) Clin. Chem., 33, 2191–2194.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Fernandes, L. C., Kim, S. B., and Matos, D. (2005) World J. Gastroenterol., 11, 645–648.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Vihko, P., Kurkela, R., Ramberg, I., Pelkonen, I., and Vihko, R. (1990) Clin. Chem., 36, 92–96.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Becker, C., Piironen, T., Kiviniemi, J., Lilja, H., and Pettersson, K. (2000) Clin. Chem., 46, 198–206.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Suonpaa, M., Lavi, J., Hemilla, I., and Lovgren, T. (1985) Clin. Chim. Acta, 145, 341–348.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Maple, P. A. C., Jones, C. S., and Andrews, N. J. (2001) Clin. Pathol., 54, 812–815.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Meurmann, O., Hemilla, I., Lovgren, T., and Halonen, P. (1982) J. Clin. Microbiol., 16, 920–925.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Siitari, H., Hemilla, I., Soini, E., and Lovgren, T. (1983) Nature, 301, 258–260.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Smith, D. R., Rossi, C. A., Kijek, T. M., Henchal, E. A., and Ludwig, G. V. (2001) Clin. Diagn. Lab. Immunol., 8, 1070–1075.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Sander, J., and Niehaus, C. (1986) Clin. Chem., 32, 1231.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Saedi, S., Dean, H., Dent, W., Stock, E., and Cronin, C. (1996) Pediatrics, 97, 100–102.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Hayashi, G., Faure, C., Brondi, M. F., Vallejos, C., Soares, D., Oliveira, E., Brito, V., Mendonca, B. B., and Bachega, T. A. (2011) Arq. Bras. Endocrinol. Metab., 55, 632–637.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Grosskopf, C., Farriaux, J. P., Vidailhet, M., Briard, M. L., Navarro, J., and Roussel, P. (2003) Arch. Pediatr., 10, 364s–369s.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Vieira, N., Carvalho, E., and Fonseca, A. (2005) Clin. Chim. Acta, 360, 151–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Cowans, N. J., Stamatopoulou, A., Torring, N., and Spencer, K. (2011) Ultrasound Obstet. Gynecol., 37, 515–519.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Fagge, T., Barclay, G. R., Macgregor, I., Head, M., Ironside, J., and Turner, M. (2005) Transfusion, 45, 504–513.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Diamandis, E. P. (1989) Clin. Chem., 35, 491–495.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Kimura, H., Mukaida, M., Wang, G., Yuan, J., and Matsumoto, K. (2000) Forensic Sci. Int., 113, 345–517.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Heinonen, P., Iitia, A., Torresani, T., and Lovgren, T. (1997) Clin. Chem., 43, 1142–1150.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Samiotaki, M., Kwiatkowski, M., Ylitalo, N., and Landegren, U. (1997) Anal. Biochem. Nov., 253, 156–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Hukkanen, V., Rehn, T., Kajander, R., Sjoroos, M., and Waris, M. (2000) J. Clin. Microbiol., 38, 3214–3218.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Pietraszkiewicz, M., Karpuik, J., and Pietraszkiewicz, O. (1998) Spectrochim. Acta. Pt. A, 54, 2229–2236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Mathis, G. (1995) Clin. Chem., 41, 1391–1397.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Chen, J., and Selvin, P. R. (1999) Bioconj. Chem., 10, 311–315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Ci, Y.-X., Yang, X.-D., and Chang, W.-B. (1995) J. Immunol. Methods, 179, 233–241.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Yuan, J., Wang, G., Kimura, H., and Matsumoto, K. (1999) Anal. Sci., 15, 125–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Savitsky, A. P., Chydinov, A. V., and Krilova, S. M. (1995) Proc. SPIE, 2388, 429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Diamandis, P., and Morton, R. C. (1988) J. Immunol. Methods, 112, 43–52.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Wu, F. B., Han, S. Q., Zhang, C., and He, Y. F. (2002) Anal. Chem., 74, 5882–5889.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Hemmila, I., Mukkala, V. M., Iatva, M., and Kiilholma, P. (1993) J. Biochem. Biophys. Methods, 26, 283–290.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Mukkala, V. M., Helenius, M., Hemmila, I., Kankare, J., and Takalo, H. (1993) Helv. Chim. Acta, 76, 1361–1378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Papanastasiou-Diamandi, A., Christopoulos, T. K., and Diamandis, E. P. (1992) Clin. Chem., 38, 545–548.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Saha, A. K., Kross, K., Kloszewski, E. D., Upson, D. A., Toner, J. L., Snow, R. A., Black, C. D. V., and Desai, V. C. (1993) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 115, 11032–11033.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Evangelista, R. A., Pollak, A., Allore, B., Templeton, E. F., Morton, R. C., and Diamandis, E. P. (1988) Clin. Biochem., 2, 173–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Diamandis, E. P. (1988) Clin. Biochem., 21, 139–150.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Diamandis, P., Morton, R. C., Reichstein, E., and Khosran, M. I. (1989) Anal. Chem., 61, 48–57.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Chan, U. A., Bellen, A. C., and Diamandis, E. P. (1987) Clin. Chem., 33, 2000–2003.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Khosravi, M. I., and Diamandis, E. P. (1987) Clin. Chem., 33, 1994–1999.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Diamandis, E. P., Bhayana, V., Conway, V., Reichstein, E., and Papanastasiou-Diamandis, A. (1988) Clin. Chem., 34, 1157–1159.Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Kakabakos, S. E., Christopoutos, T. K., and Diamandis, E. P. (1992) Clin. Chem., 38, 338–342.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Scorilas, A., Bjartell, A., Lilja, H., Moller, C., and Diamandis, E. P. (2000) Clin. Chem., 46, 1450–1455.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Sundberg, M. W., Meares, C. F., Goodwin, D. A., and Diamandis, C. I. (1974) J. Med. Chem., 17, 1304–1307.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Wilmott, N. I., Miller, I. N., and Tyson, I. F. (1985) Analyst, 109, 343–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Jerdeva, V. V., Chudinov, A. V., Nosyrkova, N. V., Volodaeva, L. A., and Savitsky, A. P. (2006) Fiziol. Patol. Immun. Sist., 4, 9–19.Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Chiu, N. H. L., Christopoulos, T. K., and Peltier, J. (1998) Analyst, 123, 1315–1319.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    He, Q., Chen, H., Nie, L., Tang, J., and Xiao, P. J. (2006) Nanosci. Nanotechnol., 6, 66–71.Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    Diamandis, E. P. (1993) Electrophoresis, 14, 866–875.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Evangelist, R. A., Pollak, A., and Templeton, E. F. (1991) Anal. Biochem., 197, 213–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Bathrellos, L. M., Lianidou, E. S., and Ioanno, P. C. (1998) Clin. Chem., 44, 1351–1353.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Christopoulos, T. K., and Diamandis, E. P. (1992) Anal. Chem., 64, 342–346.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Templeton, E. F., Wong, H. E., Evangelista, R. A., Granger, T., and Pollak, A. (1991) Clin. Chem., 37, 1506–1512.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Harma, H., Soukka, T., and Lovgren, T. (2001) Clin. Chem., 47, 561–568.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Soukka, T., Paukkunen, J., Harma, H., Lonnberg, S., Lindroos, H., and Lovgren, T. (2001) Clin. Chem., 47, 1269–1278.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Jerdeva, V. V., Volodaeva, L. A., and Savitsky, A. P. (2006) in Biotechnology in Biology and Medicine (Egorov, ed.) Nova Science Publishers, N. Y., pp. 5–12.Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    Rodriguz-Ubis, J.-C., Alpha, B., Plancherel, D., and Lehn, J.-M. (1984) Helv. Chim. Acta, 67, 2264–2269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Bruno, J. A., Herr, B. R., and Horrocks, W. D. (1993) Inorg. Chem., 32, 756–762.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Lehn, J. M., and Sauvage, J. P. (1975) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 97, 6700–6707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Sata, N., and Shinkai, S. (1993) J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans., 2, 621.Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Heyduk, E., and Heyduk, T. (1997) Anal. Biochem., 248, 216–227.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Lundin, K., Blomberg, K., Nordstrom, T., and Lindqvist, C. (2001) Anal. Biochem., 299, 92–97.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Stenroos, K., Hurskainen, P., Eriksson, S., Hemmila, I., Blomberg, K., and Lindqvist, C. (1998) Cytokine, 10, 495499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Blomberg, K., Hurskainen, P., and Hemmila, I. (1999) Clin. Chem., 45, 855–861.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Kane, S. A., Fleener, C. A., Zhang, Y. S., Davis, L. J., Musselman, A. L., and Huang, P. S. (2000) Anal. Biochem., 278, 29–38.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Lopez-Crapez, E., Bazin, H., Andre, E., Noletti, J., Greinier, J., and Mathis, G. (2001) Nucleic Acids Res., 29, 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Yoshikawa, K., Yuan, J., Matsumoto, K., and Kimura, H. (1999) Anal. Sci., 15, 121–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Lee, K., Dzubeck, V., Latshaw, L., and Schneider, J. P. (2004) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 126, 13616–13617.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Thibon, A., and Pierre, V. C. (2009) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 131, 434–435.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Viguier, R. F. H., and Hulme, A. N. (2006) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 128, 11370–11371.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Dickins, R. S., Aime, S., Batsanov, A. S., Beeby, A., Botta, M., Bruce, J., Howard, J. A. K., Love, C. S., Parker, D., Peacock, R. D., and Puschmann, H. (2002) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 124, 12697–12705.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Bruce, J. I., Dickins, R. S., Govenlock, L. J., Gunnlaugsson, T., Lopinski, S., Lowe, M. P., Parker, D., Peacock, R. D., Perry, J. J. B., Aime, S., and Botta, M. (2000) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 122, 9674–9684.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Dickins, R. S., Gunnlaugsson, T., Parker, D., and Peacock, R. D. (1998) Chem. Commun., 1643–1644.Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    Bretonniere, Y., Cann, M. J., Parker, D., and Slater, R. (2002) Chem. Commun., 1930–1931.Google Scholar
  125. 125.
    Bretonniere, Y., Cann, M. J., Parker, D., and Slater, R. (2004) Org. Biomol. Chem., 2, 1624–1632.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Gunnlaugsson, T., Harte, A. J., Leonard, J. P., and Nieuwenhuyzen, M. (2002) Chem. Commun., 18, 2134–2135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Cable, M. L., Kirby, J. P., Sorasaenee, K., Gray, H. B., and Ponce, A. (2007) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 129, 1474–1475.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. 128.
    Reany, O., Gunnlaugsson, T., and Parker, D. (2000) Chem. Commun., 473–474.Google Scholar
  129. 129.
    Terai, T., Kikuchi, K., Iwasawa, S. Y., Kawabe, T., Hirata, Y., Urano, Y., and Nagano, T. (2006) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 128, 6938–6946.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Lim, C. S., Miller, J. N., and Bridges, J. W. (1980) Anal. Biochem., 108, 176–184.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    Morrison, L. E. (1988) Anal. Biochem., 174, 101–120.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Vazquez-Ibar, J. L., Weinglas, A. B., and Kaback, H. R. (2002) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 99, 3487–3492.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. 133.
    Savitsky, A. P., Papkovsky, D. B., Ponomarev, T. V., and Berezin, I. V. (1989) Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 304, 1005–1008.Google Scholar
  134. 134.
    Savitsky, A. P., and Papkovsky, D. B. (1987) Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 293, 744–745.Google Scholar
  135. 135.
    Kronick, M. N. (1986) J. Immunol. Methods, 92, 1–13.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Miller, J. N. (2005) Analyst, 130, 265–270.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Yeh, S. W., Ong, L. J., Glazer, A. N., and Clark, J. H. (1987) Cytometry, 8, 91–95.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Degorce, F., Card, A., Soh, S., Trinquet, E., Knapik, G. P., and Xie, B. (2009) Curr. Chem. Genomics, 3, 22–32.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    Kupcho, K. R., Stafslien, D. K., DeRosier, T., Hallis, T. M., Ozers, M. S., and Vogel, K. W. (2007) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 129, 13372–13373.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. 140.
    Kim, S. H., Gunther, J. R., and Katzenellenbogen, J. A. (2010) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 132, 4685–4692.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Kokko, T., Kokko, L., and Soukka, T. (2009) J. Fluoresc., 19, 159–164.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Harma, H., Rozwandowicz-Jansen, A., Martikkala, E., Frang, H., Hemmila, I., Sahlberg, N., Fey, V., Perala, M., and Hanninen, P. (2009) J. Biomol. Screen., 14, 936–943.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Karvinen, J., Elomaa, A., Maakinen, M.-L., Hakala, H., Mukkala, V.-M., Peuralahti, J., Hurskainen, P., Hovinen, J., and Hemmila, I. (2004) Analyt. Biochem., 325, 317–325.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. 144.
    Zhong, W. (2009) Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 394, 47–59.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    Hildebrandt, N., Charbonniere, L. J., and Lohmannsroben, H.-G. (2007) J. Biomed. Biotechnol., 7, 79169.Google Scholar
  146. 146.
    Hildebrandt, N., and Lohmannsroben, H.-G. (2007) Curr. Chem. Biol., 1, 167–186.Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    Dew, W., Horrocks, J. R., Holmquist, B., and Vallee, B. L. (1975) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 72, 4764–4768.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. 148.
    Sandtner, W., Bezanilla, F., and Correa, A. M. (2007) Biophys. J., 93, 45–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. 149.
    Chudakov, D. M., Matz, M. V., Lukyanov, S., and Lukyanov, K. A. (2010) Physiol. Rev., 90, 1103–1163.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
    Zubova, N., and Savitsky, A. P. (2005) Usp. Biol. Khim., 45, 391–454.Google Scholar
  151. 151.
    Van Engelenburg, B., and Palmer, A. E. (2008) Curr. Opin. Chem. Biol., 12, 1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. 152.
    Tainaka, K., Sakaguchi, R., Hayashi, H., Nakano, S., Liew, F. F., and Morii, T. (2010) Sensors, 10, 1355–1376.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. 153.
    Morris, M. C. (2010) Cell Biochem. Biophys., 56, 19–37.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. 154.
    Remington, S. J. (2006) Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol., 16, 714–721.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. 155.
    Zimmer, M. (2002) Chem. Rev., 102, 759–781.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. 156.
    Piston, D. W., and Kremers, G.-J. (2007) Trends Biochem. Sci., 32, 407–414.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. 157.
    Ormo, M., Cubitt, A. B., Kallio, K., Gross, L. A., Tsien, R. Y., and Remington, S. J. (1996) Science, 273, 1392–1395.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. 158.
    Yang, F., Moss, L. G., and Phillips, G. N., Jr. (1996) Nat. Biotechnol., 14, 1246–1251.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. 159.
    Miyawaki, A. (2002) Cell Struct. Funct., 5, 343–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    Riddle, S. M., Vedvik, K. L., Hanson, G. T., and Vogel, K. W. (2006) Anal. Biochem., 356, 108–116.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    Robers, M. B., Machleidt, T., Carlson, C. B., and Bi, K. (2008) Assay Drug Dev. Technol., 6, 519–529.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. 162.
    Carlson, C. B., Robers, M. B., Vogel, K. W., and Machleidt, T. (2009) J. Biomol. Screen., 14, 121–132.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. 163.
    Carlson, C. B., Mashock, M. J., and Bi, K. (2010) J. Biomol. Screen., 15, 327–334.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. 164.
    Horton, R. A., Strachan, E. A., Vogel, K. W., and Riddle, S. M. (2007) Anal. Biochem., 360, 138–143.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Vuojola, J., Lamminmaki, U., and Soukka, T. (2009) Anal. Chem., 81, 5033–5038.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. 166.
    Laitala, V., and Hemmilla, I. (2005) Anal. Chem., 77, 1483–1487.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. 167.
    Leifert, W. R., Bailey, K., Cooper, T. H., Aloia, A. L., Glatz, R. V., and McMurchie, E. J. (2006) Anal. Biochem., 355, 201–212.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. 168.
    Kokko, L., Sanberg, K., Lovvgren, T., and Soukka, T. (2004) Anal. Chim. Acta, 503, 155–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. 169.
    Appelblom, H., Nurmi, J., Soukka, T., Pasternack, M., Penttila, K. E., Lovgren, T., and Niemela, P. (2007) J. Biomol. Screen., 12, 842–848.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. 170.
    Wang, G., Yuan, J., Hai, X., and Matsumoto, K. (2006) Talanta, 70, 133–138.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. 171.
    Heyduk, T., and Heyduk, E. (2001) Anal. Biochem., 289, 60–67.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. 172.
    Chen, Y., and Lehrer, S. S. (2004) Biochemistry, 43, 11491–11499.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. 173.
    Bergendahl, V., Heyduk, T., and Burgess, R. R. (2003) Environ. Microbiol., 69, 1492–1498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. 174.
    Sueda, S., Yuan, J., and Matsumoto, K. (2002) Bioconj. Chem., 13, 200–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. 175.
    Nurmi, J., Wikman, T., Karp, M., and Lovgren, T. (2002) Anal. Chem., 74, 3525–3532.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. 176.
    Porath, J., Carlsson, J., Olsson, I., and Belfrage, G. (1975) Nature, 258, 598–599.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. 177.
    Laitala, V., Ylikoski, A., Raussi, H. M., Ollikka, P., and Hemmilla, I. (2007) Anal. Biochem., 361, 126–131.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. 178.
    Guo, W., Urizar, E., Kralikova, M., Mobarec, J. C., Shi, L., Filizola, M., and Javitch, J. A. (2008) EMBO J., 27, 2293–2304.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. 179.
    Wang, J., and Norcross, M. (2008) Drug Discov. Today, 13, 625–632.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. 180.
    Ramsay, D., Carr, I. C., Pediani, J., Lopez-Gimenez, J. F., Thurlow, R., Fidock, M., and Milligan, G. (2004) Mol. Pharmacol., 66, 228–239.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. 181.
    Dodeller, F., Gottar, M., Huesken, D., Iourgenko, V., and Cenni, B. (2008) J. Biol. Chem., 283, 21487–21494.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. 182.
    Lewis, H., Beher, D., Cookson, N., Oakley, A., Piggott, M., Morris, C. M., Jaros, E., Perry, R., Ince, P., Kenny, R. A., Ballard, C. G., Shearman, M. S., and Kalaria, R. N. (2006) Neuropathol. Appl. Neurobiol., 32, 103–118.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. 183.
    Goedken, E. R., Gagnon, A. I., Overmeyer, G. T., Liu, J., Petrillo, R. A., Burchat, A. F., and Tomlinson, M. J. (2008) J. Biomol. Screen., 13, 619–625.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. 184.
    Prieto, B., Llorente, E., Gonzalez-Pinto, I., and Alvarez, F. V. (2008) Clin. Chem. Lab. Med., 46, 660–666.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. 185.
    Degorce, F., Card, A., Soh, S., Trinquet, E., Knapik, G. P., and Xie, B. (2009) Curr. Chem. Genomics, 3, 22–32.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. 186.
    Rajapakse, H. E., Gahlauta, N., Mohandessia, S., Yub, D., Turnerb, J. R., and Millera, L. W. (2010) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 107, 13582–13587.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. 187.
    Marsden, B. J., Shaw, G. S., and Sykes, B. D. (1990) Can. J. Chem., 68, 587–601.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. 188.
    Hutnik, C. M., MacManus, J. P., Banville, D., and Szabo, A. G. (1990) J. Biol. Chem., 26, 11456–11464.Google Scholar
  189. 189.
    Bunzli, J.-C. G. (2006) Acc. Chem. Res., 39, 53–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. 190.
    MacManus, J. P., Hogue, C. W., Marsden, B. J., Sikorska, M., and Szabo, A. G. (1990) J. Biol. Chem., 265, 10358–10366.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  191. 191.
    Nitz, M., Franz, K. J., Maglathlin, R. L., and Imperiali, B. (2003) Chem. Bio. Chem., 4, 272–276.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  192. 192.
    Martin, L. J., Sculimbrene, B. R., Nitz, M., and Imperiali, B. (2005) QSAR Comb. Sci., 10, 1149–1157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. 193.
    Nitz, M., Sherawat, M., Franz, K. J., Peisach, E., Allen, K. N., and Imperiali, B. (2004) Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 43, 3682–3685.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. 194.
    Sculimbrene, B. R., and Imperiali, B. (2006) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 128, 7346–7352.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. 195.
    Reynolds, A. M., Sculimbrene, B. R., and Imperiali, B. (2008) Bioconj. Chem., 19, 588–591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. 196.
    Martin, L. J., Hahnke, M. J., Nitz, M., Wohnert, J., Silvaggi, N. R., Allen, K. N., Schwalbe, H., and Imperiali, B. (2007) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 129, 7106–7113.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. 197.
    Vazquez-Ibar, J. L., Weinglass, A. B., and Kaback, H. R. (2002) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 99, 3487–3492.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. 198.
    Martin, L.-J. (2008) Development of LBTs as Powerful and Versatile Peptides for Use in Studies of Protein and Protein Interactions: Doctoral Thesis, Massachussets.Google Scholar
  199. 199.
    Arslanbekova, L. P., Jerdeva, V. V., Ivashina, T. V., Vinokurov, L. M., Rusanov, A. L., and Savitsky, A. P. (2010) Prikl. Biokhim. Mikrobiol., 46, 166–171.Google Scholar
  200. 200.
    Arslanbekova, L. P., Jerdeva, V. V., Ivashina, T. V., Vinokurov, L. M., Morozov, V. B., Olenin, N., and Savitsky, A. P. (2011) Biofizika, 56, 389–395.Google Scholar
  201. 201.
    Marriott, G., Clegg, R. N., Jovin, D. J., and Jovin, T. M. (1991) Biophys. J., 61, 1374–1387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. 202.
    Seveus, L., Vaisala, M., Syrjanen, S., Sandberg, M., Kuusisto, A., Harju, R., Salo, J., Hemmila, I., Kojola, H., and Soini, E. (1992) Cytometry, 13, 329–338.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. 203.
    Franz, K. J., Nitz, M., and Imperiali, B. (2003) Chem. Bio. Chem., 4, 265–271.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  204. 204.
    Seveus, L., Vaisala, M., Hemmila, I., Kojola, H., Roomans, G. M., and Soini, E. (1994) Microsc. Res. Tech., 28, 49–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. 205.
    Beverloo, H. B., van Schadewijk, A., Bonnet, J., van der Geest, R., Runia, R., Verwoerd, N. P., Vrolijk, J., Ploem, J. S., and Tanke, H. J. (1992) Cytometry, 13, 561–570.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. 206.
    Marriott, G., Hekiecker, M., Diamandis, E. P., and Yan-Marritt, Y. (1994) Biophys. J., 67, 957–996.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. 207.
    Jares-Erijman, E. A., and Jovin, T. M. (2003) Nat. Biotechnol., 21, 1387–1395.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. 208.
    Chen, Y., Mills, J. D., and Periasamy, A. (2003) Differentiation, 71, 528–541.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  209. 209.
    Tyrell, R. M., and Keyse, S. M. (1990) J. Photochem. Photobiol., 4, 349–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. 210.
    Koenig, K., Krasieva, T. B., Bauer, E., Fiedler, U., Berns, M. W., Tromberg, B. J., and Greulich, K.-O. J. (1996) Biomed. Opt., 1, 217–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. 211.
    Kaiser, W., and Garret, C. G. B. (1961) Phys. Rev. Lett., 7, 229–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. 212.
    Singh, S., and Bradley, L. T. (1964) Phys. Rev. Lett., 12, 612–614.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. 213.
    Shreve, A. P., Trautman, J. K., Owens, T. G., and Albrecht, A. C. (1990) Chem. Phys. Lett., 170, 51–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  214. 214.
    Shreve, A. P., and Albrecht, A. C. (1991) J. Chem. Phys., 94, 5772–5773.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. 215.
    Denk, W., Strickler, J. H., and Webb, W. W. (1990) Science, 248, 73–76.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  216. 216.
    Diaspro, A., Bianchini, P., Vicidomini, G., Faretta, M., Ramoino, P., and Usai, C. (2006) Biomed. Engin. Online, 5, 36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  217. 217.
    Koenig, K. (2000) J. Microsc., 200, 83–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  218. 218.
    Guild, J. B., Xu, C., and Webb, W. W. (1997) Appl. Opt., 36, 397–401.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  219. 219.
    Konig, K., So, P. T. C., Mantulin, W. W., and Gratton, E. (1997) Opt. Lett., 22, 135–136.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. 220.
    Konig, K., So, P. T. C., Mantulin, W. W., Tromberg, B. J., and Gratton, E. (1996) J. Microsc., 183, 197–204.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  221. 221.
    Tauer, U. (2002) Exp. Physiol., 87, 709–714.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. 222.
    Oheim, M., Beaurepaire, E., Chaigneau, E., Mertz, J., and Charpak, S. (2001) J. Neurosci. Methods, 111, 29–37.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. 223.
    Zipfel, W. R., Williams, R. M., and Webb, W. W. (2003) Nat. Biotechnol., 21, 1369–1377.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. 224.
    Kim, H. M., and Cho, B. R. (2009) Acc. Chem. Res., 42, 863–872.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. 225.
    Masters, B. R., and So, P. T. C. (2004) Microsc. Res. Techniq., 63, 3–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  226. 226.
    Lakowicz, J. R., Piszczek, G., Maliwal, B. P., and Gryczynski, I. (2001) Chem. Phys., 2, 247–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. 227.
    Piszczek, G., Maliwal, B. P., Gryczynski, I., Dattelbaum, J., and Lakowicz, J. R. (2001) J. Fluoresc., 11, 101–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. 228.
    Piszczek, G., Gryczynski, I., Maliwal, B. P., and Lakowicz, J. R. (2002) J. Fluoresc., 12, 15–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  229. 229.
    White, G. F., Litvinenko, K. L., Meech, S. R., Andrew, D. L., and Thompson, A. J. (2004) Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 3, 47–55.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. 230.
    Luo, L., Lai, W. P.-W., Wong, K.-L., Wong, W.-T., Li, K.-F., and Cheah, K.-W. (2004) Chem. Phys. Lett., 398, 372–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  231. 231.
    Wong, K. L., Law, G. L., Kwok, W. M., Wong, W. T., and Phillips, D. L. (2005) Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 44, 3436–3439.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. 232.
    Law, G. L., Wong, K. L., Yang, Y. Y., Yang, H. L., Wong, W. T., Lam, M. H., Tam, H. L., and Cheah, K.-W. (2008) J. Fluoresc., 18, 749–752.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  233. 233.
    Law, G. L., Kwok, W. M., Wong, W. T., Wong, K. L., and Tanner, P. A. (2007) J. Phys. Chem. B., 111, 10858–10861.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. 234.
    Palsson, L. O., Pal, R., Murray, B. S., Parker, D., and Beeby, A. (2007) Dalton Trans., 48, 5726–5734.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  235. 235.
    Xiao, X., Haushalter, J. P., Kotz, K. T., and Faris, G. W. (2011) Biomed. Opt. Exp., 2, 2255–2264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. 236.
    D’Aleo, A., Pompidor, G., Elena, B., Vicat, J., Baldeck, P. L., Toupet, L., Kahn, R., Andraud, C., and Maury, O. (2007) Chem. Phys. Chem., 8, 2125–2132.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. 237.
    Picot, A., D’Aleo, A., Baldeck, P. L., Grichine, A., Duperray, A., Andraud, C., and Maury, O. (2008) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 130, 1532–1533.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. 238.
    Kielar, F., Congreve, A., Law, G., New, E. J., Parker, D., Wong, K.-L., Castreno, P., and de Mendoza, J. (2008) Chem. Commun., 21, 2435–2437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. 239.
    Law, G. L., Wong, K. L., Man, C. W. Y., Wong, W. T., Tsao, S. W., Lam, M. H. W., and Lam, P. K. S. (2008) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 130, 3714–3715.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. 240.
    Lo, W.-S., Kwok, W.-M., Law, G.-L., Yeung, C.-T., Chan, C. T.-L., Yeung, H.-L., Kong, H.-K., Chen, C.-H., Murphy, M. B., Wong, K.-L., and Wong, W.-T. (2011) Inorg. Chem., 50, 5309–5311.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  241. 241.
    Eliseeva, S. V., Aubock, G., van Mourik, F., Cannizzo, A., Song, B., Deiters, E., Chauvin, A.-S., Chergui, M., and Bunzli, J.-C. G. (2010) J. Phys. Chem., B., 114, 2932–2937.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. 242.
    Hirano, S., and Suzuki, K. T. (1996) Environ. Health. Persp., 104, 85–95.Google Scholar
  243. 243.
    Palasz, A., and Czekaj, P. (2000) Acta Biochem. Polonica, 47, 1107–1114.Google Scholar
  244. 244.
    Hanaoka, K. (2010) Chem. Pharm. Bull., 58, 1283–1294.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  245. 245.
    Cacheris, W. P., Quay, S. C., and Rocklage, S. M. (1990) Magn. Reson. Imaging, 8, 467–481.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  246. 246.
    Feng, J., Meloni, M. M., Allan, S. M., Faulkner, S., Narvainen, J., Vidyasagar, I., and Kauppinen, R. (2010) Contrast Media Mol. Imaging, 5, 223–230.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  247. 247.
    Pandya, Sh., Yu, J., and Parker, D. (2006) Dalton Trans., 2757–2766.Google Scholar
  248. 248.
    New, E. J., and Parker, D. (2008) Org. Biomol. Chem., 7, 851–855.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  249. 249.
    Montgomery, C. P., Murray, B. S., New, E. J., Pal, R., and Parker, D. (2009) Acc. Chem. Res., 42, 925–937.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  250. 250.
    Mishra, R., Su, W., Pohmann, R., Pfeuffer, J., Sauer, M. G., Ugurbil, K., and Engelmann, J. (2009) Bioconjug. Chem., 20, 1860–1868.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  251. 251.
    Wolcke, J., and Ulmann, D. (2001) Drug Discov. Today, 6, 637–646.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  252. 252.
    Boisclair, M. D., McClure, C., Josiah, S., Glass, S., Bottomley, S., Kamerkar, S., and Hemilla, I. (2000) J. Biomol. Screen., 5, 319–328.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  253. 253.
    Wians, F. H., Dev, J., Powell, M. M., and Heald, J. I. (1986) Clin. Chem., 32, 887–890.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  254. 254.
    Gow, S. M., Caldwell, G., Toft, A. D., and Beckett, G. J. (1986) Clin. Chem., 32, 2191–2194.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  255. 255.
    Mirzabekov, A. D. (2003) Vestn. Ros. Akad. Nauk, 73, 412–425.Google Scholar
  256. 256.
    Ekins, R. P., and Chu, F. W. (1991) Clin. Chem., 37, 1955–1967.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  257. 257.
    Ekins, R. P., and Chu, F. (1994) Trends Biotechnol., 12, 89–94.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  258. 258.
    Khrapko, K. R., Lysov, Y. P., Khorlyn, A. A., Shick, V. V., Florentiev, V. L., and Mirzabekov, A. D. (1989) FEBS Lett., 256, 118–122.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  259. 259.
    Arenkov, P., Kukhtin, A., Gemmell, A. Voloshchuk, S., Chupeeva, V., and Mirzabekov, A. (2000) Anal. Biochem., 278, 123–131.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  260. 260.
    Lou, L.-Y., and Diamandis, E. P. (2000) Luminescence, 15, 409–413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  261. 261.
    Nichkova, M., Dosev, D., Gee, S. J., Hammock, B. D., and Kennedy, I. M. (2005) Proc. SPIE, 6008, 151–159.Google Scholar
  262. 262.
    Turconi, S., Bingham, R., Haupts, U., and Pope, A. (2001) Drug Discov. Today, 6, S27–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  263. 263.
    Martens, C., Bakker, A., Rodriguez, A., Mortensen, R. B., and Barrett, R. W. (1999) Anal. Biochem., 273, 20–31.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  264. 264.
    Gabriel, D., Vernier, M., Pfeifer, M. J., Dasen, B., Tenaillon, L., and Bouhelal, R. (2003) Assay Drug Dev. Technol., 1, 291–303.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  265. 265.
    Beasley, J. R., McCoy, P. M., Walker, T. L., and Dunn, D. A. (2004) Assay Drug Dev. Technol., 2, 141–151.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  266. 266.
    Bare, L. A., Trinh, L., Wu, S., and Devlin, J. J. (1998) Drug Dev. Res., 43, 109–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  267. 267.
    Pope, A. J., Haupts, U. M., and Moore, K. J. (1999) J. Biomol. Screen., 4, 205–214.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  268. 268.
    Zhou, D., Quach, K. M., Yang, C., Lee, S. Y., Pohajdak, B., and Chen, S. (2000) Mol. Endocrinol., 14, 986–998.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  269. 269.
    Cummings, R., McGovern, H., Zheng, S., Park, Y., and Hermes, J. (1999) Anal. Biochem., 269, 79–93.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  270. 270.
    Zhang, J.-H., Chen, T., Nguyen, S. H., and Oldenburg, K. R. (2000) Anal. Biochem., 281, 182–186.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  271. 271.
    Walker, S. L., Ariga, J., Mathias, J. R., Coothankandaswamy, V., Xie, X., Distel, M., Koster, R. W., Parsons, M. J., Bhalla, K. N., Saxena, M. T., and Mumm, J. S. (2012) PLoS One, 7, e29916.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  272. 272.
    Andriani, G., Chessler, A. D., Courtemanche, G., Burleigh, B. A., and Rodriguez, A. (2011) PLoS Negl. Trop. Dis., 5, e1298.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bach Institute of BiochemistryRussian Academy of Sciences117071Russia

Personalised recommendations