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Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 77, Issue 1, pp 26–32 | Cite as

Pak6 protein kinase is a novel effector of an atypical Rho family GTPase Chp/RhoV

  • M. V. ShepelevEmail author
  • I. V. Korobko
Article

Abstract

Chp/RhoV is an atypical Rho GTPase whose functions are far from being fully understood. To date several effector proteins of Chp have been identified, including p21-activated kinases Pak1, Pak2, and Pak4. Using a yeast two-hybrid system and co-immunoprecipitation, here we show that another p21-activated kinase, Pak6, is a novel Chp-binding protein. Interaction between Chp and Pak6 depends on the activation state of the GTPase, suggesting that Pak6 is an effector protein for Chp. Point mutations in the effector domain of Chp or in the CRIB motif of Pak6 significantly impair the interaction between Chp and Pak6 upon co-immunoprecipitation, suggesting that the binding interface involves the effector domain of Chp and the CRIB motif in Pak6. We found that Chp does not affect the phosphorylation status of the S560 residue in the catalytic domain of Pak6 when Chp and Pak6 are co-expressed in HEK293 cells. Therefore, similarly to Cdc42, Chp is not likely to activate Pak6. In NCI-H1299 cells, Chp co-localizes with Pak6 on vesicular structures in activation state-dependent manner. Taking the data together, we report here the identification of p21-activated kinase Pak6 as a novel effector of the atypical Rho GTPase Chp. Our data suggest further directions in elucidating biological functions of these proteins.

Key words

Chp/RhoV GTPase Pak6 protein kinase protein-protein interactions 

Abbreviations

3AT

3-amino-1,2,4-triazole

co-IP

coimmunoprecipitation

EGFP

enhanced green fluorescent protein

GAL4AD

transcription activation domain of GAL4 transcription factor

GAL4BD

DNA-binding domain of GAL4

SD

synthetic dextrose medium

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Gene BiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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