Biochemistry (Moscow)

, 76:450 | Cite as

Properties of Rhodobacter sphaeroides photosynthetic reaction center with double amino acid substitution I(L177)H+H(M182)L

  • T. Yu. Fufina
  • L. G. VasilievaEmail author
  • R. A. Khatypov
  • V. A. Shuvalov


Histidine M182 in the reaction center (RC) of Rhodobacter sphaeroides serves as the fifth ligand of the bacterio-chlorophyll (BChl) BB Mg atom. When this His is substituted by an amino acid that is not able to coordinate Mg, bacterio-pheophytin appears in the BB binding site instead of BChl (Katilius, E., et al. (1999) J. Phys. Chem. B, 103, 7386–7389). We have shown that in the presence of the additional mutation I(L177)H the coordination of the BChl BB Mg atom in the double mutant I(L177)H+H(M182)L RC still remains. Changes in the double mutant RC absorption spectrum attributed to BChl absorption suggest that BChl BB Mg atom axial ligation might be realized not from the usual α-side of the BChl macrocycle, but from the opposite, β-side. Weaker coordination of BChl BB Mg atom compared to the other mutant RC BChl molecules suggests that not an amino acid residue but a water molecule might be a possible ligand. The results are discussed in the light of the structural changes that occurred in the RC upon Ile/His substitution in the L177 position.

Key words

bacterial photosynthesis Rhodobacter sphaeroides photosynthetic reaction center site-directed mutagenesis bacteriochlorophyll Mg coordination 


BA and BB

monomer bacteriochlorophylls






lauryldimethylamine N-oxide


special pair of bacteriochlorophylls

PA and PB

bacteriochlorophylls of the special pair


reaction center


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Yu. Fufina
    • 1
  • L. G. Vasilieva
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. A. Khatypov
    • 1
  • V. A. Shuvalov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Basic Biological ProblemsRussian Academy of SciencesPushchino, Moscow RegionRussia

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