Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 76, Issue 2, pp 253–259 | Cite as

Identification of functional peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α response element in the human Ppsig gene

  • Jie Gu
  • Zhi Li
  • Yan SunEmail author
  • Lin Lan Wei


Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα), one of the key ligand-activated nuclear receptors interacting with PPAR response elements (PPREs), may trigger the expression of PPAR-responsive genes and be involved in the transcriptional regulation of lipid metabolism, energy balance, and some diseases. Previous studies have demonstrated that the mouse Ppsig gene is a novel PPARα target gene taking a pivotal role in maintaining energy balance during fasting. Disparity between humans and rodents in their PPAR systems requires corroborating experiments to determine whether the hPpsig gene (Ppsig homologous gene in human) is also a PPARα target gene. In this work, eight putative PPREs in the promoter and first intron of hPpsig were identified. However, only one intronic PPRE could respond to PPARα by transient transfection. Furthermore, the binding activity of PPARα with this intronic PPRE was confirmed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay in vitro. This investigation might help to elucidate the transcriptional regulatory mechanisms of Ppsig in humans.

Key words

EMSA human Ppsig intronic PPREs PPARα transcriptional regulation 



acyl-CoA oxidase




direct repeat-1


peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α


PPAR response elements


retinoid X receptor


wild type


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Life SciencesShaanxi Normal UniversityXi’anShaanxi, P. R. China

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