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Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 75, Issue 4, pp 383–404 | Cite as

Structural analysis of lipopolysaccharides from Gram-negative bacteria

  • D. S. Kabanov
  • I. R. Prokhorenko
Review

Abstract

This review covers data on composition and structure of lipid A, core, and O-polysaccharide of the known lipopolysaccharides from Gram-negative bacteria. The relationship between the structure and biological activity of lipid A is discussed. The data on roles of core and O-polysaccharide in biological activities of lipopolysaccharides are presented. The structural homology of some oligosaccharide sequences of lipopolysaccharides to gangliosides of human cell membranes is considered.

Key words

lipopolysaccharide (endotoxin) lipooligosaccharide lipid A core O-antigen gangliosides cytokines 

Abbreviations

FucNAc

N-acetylfucosamine

GalA

galacturonic acid

GalN

2-amino-2-deoxygalactose

GalNA

galactosaminuronic acid

GalNAc

N-acetylgalactosamine

GalNAcA

2-acetamido-2-deoxygalacturonic acid (N-acetyl-D-galactosaminuronic acid)

GalNAc3NacA

2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxygalacturonic acid

GalNAcAN3Ac

2-acetamido-3-O-acetyl-2-deoxygalacturonamide

GalA6(L-Lys)

Nα-galacturonoyl-L-lysine

GalA6AlaLys

Nε-[(R)-1-carboxyethyl]-Nα-galacturonoyl-L-lysine

GalNFoAN

2-formamido-2-deoxy-galacturonamide

GlcA

glucuronic acid

GlcNAc

N-acetylglucosamine

Hep7Cm

7-O-carbamoyl-L-glycero-D-manno-heptose

LBP

LPS-binding mammalian blood glycoprotein

LPS

lipopolysaccharide

mCD14

glycoprotein anchored to membrane surface through glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)

MCP-1

monocyte chemotactic protein 1

MD-2

TLR4 associated glycoprotein involved in cell activation by endotoxins

3-Me-dTal

3-O-methyl-6-deoxytalose

MIP-3α

macrophagal inflammatory protein 3α

MyD88

myeloid differentiation protein 88

Neu5Ac

5-N-acetylneuraminic acid (sialic acid)

PGroA

2-phosphoglyceric acid

QuiNAc

2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxyglucose

Qui3NAcyl

3-acylamino-3,6-dideoxyglucose

rhLBP

recombinant human LBP

sCD14

soluble GPI-devoid form of CD14

TLR4

Toll-like transmembrane receptor 4

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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Basic Biological ProblemsRussian Academy of SciencesPushchino, Moscow RegionRussia

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