Protein kinase C-δ is involved in induction of NOX1 gene expression by aldosterone in rat vascular smooth muscle cells
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In this study, we focused on the relationship between aldosterone and NOX1 expression in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). For the first time, with the use of specific inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC), we report that PKCδ mediates upregulation of NOX1 induced by 10 nM aldosterone in cultured VSMCs. Participation of PKC in the mediation of NOX1 regulation was further confirmed by the effect of diacylglycerol, a PKC agonist, on the NOX1 RNA in A7r5 cells with Northern blot analysis. To establish cause and effect, we next silenced the PKCδ gene partly by RNA interference and found knockdown of PKCδ gene attenuated aldosterone-induced NOX1 expression, generation of superoxide, as well as protein synthesis in VSMCs. Taken together, these data indicated PKCδ might mediate aldosterone-dependent NOX1 upregulation in VSMCs. In addition, we showed that the cascade from aldosterone to PKCδ activation had the participation of the mineralocorticoid receptor.
Key wordsaldosterone NOX1 PKCδ
Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium
fetal bovine serum
mitogen-activated protein kinase
protein kinase C
reactive oxygen species
standard saline citrate
vascular smooth muscle cells
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