Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 74, Issue 9, pp 986–993 | Cite as

High-sensitivity express immunochromatographic method for detection of plant infection by tobacco mosaic virus

  • Yu. F. DryginEmail author
  • A. N. Blintsov
  • A. P. Osipov
  • V. G. Grigorenko
  • I. P. Andreeva
  • A. I. Uskov
  • Yu. A. Varitsev
  • B. V. Anisimov
  • V. K. Novikov
  • J. G. Atabekov


A highly sensitive express immunochromatography method for molecular diagnosis of plant virus infections was elaborated on the example of a model object — tobacco mosaic virus (TMV). The analysis time does not exceed 5 min, and the lower limit of TMV detection in non-clarified leaf extract (2–4 ng/ml) is comparable with the sensitivity of the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of the virus. A single measurement requires 0.1–0.2 ml tested solution (extract from 10–20 mg of leaf material). The sensitivity of TMV determination in the leaf tissue extract was increased by more than one order of magnitude using signal enhancement by silver and is 0.1 ng/ml. In this case, analysis time did not exceed 25 min. The simplicity of this method makes it especially convenient in express diagnosis of numerous analyzed specimens. The prototype of a diagnostic kit for serial analyses of plant viral infections both in laboratory and field conditions was elaborated.

Key words

tobacco mosaic virus immunochromatography analysis colloidal gold lateral flow immune analysis 



2,2′-azinobis(3-ethylbenzthiazolinesulfonic acid)


enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays


horseradish peroxidase


immunochromatography analysis


antibody conjugate with colloidal aurum


antibody conjugate with horseradish peroxidase


tobacco mosaic virus


0.01 M K-phosphate buffer, pH 7.4, 0.1 M NaCl, 0.1% Triton X-100


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu. F. Drygin
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. N. Blintsov
    • 2
  • A. P. Osipov
    • 3
  • V. G. Grigorenko
    • 3
  • I. P. Andreeva
    • 4
  • A. I. Uskov
    • 5
  • Yu. A. Varitsev
    • 5
  • B. V. Anisimov
    • 5
  • V. K. Novikov
    • 2
  • J. G. Atabekov
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical BiologyLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Faculty of BiologyLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Faculty of ChemistryLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  4. 4.ZAO NVO ImmunotechLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  5. 5.All-Russian Potato Research InstituteKraskovo-1, Moscow RegionRussia

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