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Biochemistry (Moscow)

, 74:945 | Cite as

Peculiarities of abzymes from sera and milk of healthy donors and patients with autoimmune and viral diseases

Review

Abstract

The detection of catalytic activity of antibodies is the earliest indicator of development of autoimmune diseases (AID). In early stages of AID, the repertoire of abzymes with various properties is relatively small, but it is greatly increased during their development. Catalytic diversity of the abzymes includes DNase, RNase, ATPase, and oxidoreductase activities; there are antibodies phosphorylating proteins, lipids, and polysaccharides. This review summarizes new data on abzyme heterogeneity and possible reasons for this phenomenon. A possible role of abzymes and their exceptional multiplicity in the pathogenesis of different AID is discussed.

Key words

natural abzymes healthy donors autoimmune diseases 

Abbreviations

AB

antibodies

AI

autoimmune

AID

autoimmune disease

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AIT

autoimmune thyroiditis

BMSC

bone marrow stem cells

HIV

human immune deficiency virus

HAS

human serum albumin

Ig

immunoglobulins

MBP

myelin basic protein

MS

multiple sclerosis

pIgG

polyclonal IgG

SLE

systemic lupus erythematosus

VIP

vasoactive intestinal (neuro)peptide

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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental MedicineSiberian Division of Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

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