Interaction of human phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase with specific tRNA according to thiophosphate footprinting
The interaction of human cytoplasmic phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase (an enzyme with yet unknown 3D-structure) with homologous tRNAPhe under functional conditions was studied by footprinting based on iodine cleavage of thiophosphate-substituted tRNA transcripts. Most tRNAPhe nucleotides recognized by the enzyme in the anticodon (G34), anticodon stem (G30–C40, A31–U39), and D-loop (G20) have effectively or moderately protected phosphates. Other important specificity elements (A35 and A36) were found to form weak nonspecific contacts. The D-stem, T-arm, and acceptor stem are also among continuous contacts of the tRNAPhe backbone with the enzyme, thus suggesting the presence of additional recognition elements in these regions. The data indicate that mechanisms of interaction between phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetases and specific tRNAs are different in prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
Key wordsnucleoside-5′-O-(1-thiotriphosphate) tRNAPhe human phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase footprinting
phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase (analogous abbreviations are used for other aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases with given specificity according to the commonly accepted amino acid notation)
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