Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 74, Issue 1, pp 1–11

Biochemical and molecular characterization of plant MYB transcription factor family

Review

Abstract

MYB genes are widely distributed in higher plants and comprise one of the largest transcription factors, which are characterized by the presence of a highly conserved MYB domain at their N-termini. Over recent decades, biochemical and molecular characterizations of MYB have been extensively studied and reported to be involved in many physiological and biochemical processes. This review describes current knowledge of their structure characteristic, classification, multi-functionality, mechanism of combinational control, evolution, and function redundancy. It shows that the MYB transcription factors play a key role in plant development, such as secondary metabolism, hormone signal transduction, disease resistance, cell shape, organ development, etc. Furthermore, the expression of some members of the MYB family shows tissuespecificity.

Key words

MYB transcription factors classification secondary metabolism multi-functionality signal transduction 

Abbreviations

ABA

abscisic acid

ABRE

ABA responsive element

AMV

avian myeloblastosis virus

ANS

anthocyanidin synthase

CAD

cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase

C4H

cinnamate-4-hydroxylase

CHI

chalcone isomerase

CHS

chalcone synthase

4CL

p-coumaroyl-4-CoA ligase

DFR

dihydroflavonol reductase

GA

gibberellins

HTH

helix-turnhelix

NLS

nuclear localization signal

PAL

phenylalanine ammonium lyase

TF(s)

transcription factor(s)

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hai Du
    • 1
    • 2
  • Li Zhang
    • 2
  • Lei Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiao-Feng Tang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wen-Jie Yang
    • 2
  • Yan-Min Wu
    • 2
  • Yu-Bi Huang
    • 1
  • Yi-Xiong Tang
    • 2
  1. 1.Maize Research InstituteSichuan Agricultural UniversityYaanChina
  2. 2.Biotechnology Research InstituteChinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesBeijingChina

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