Implication of α5β1 integrin in invasion of drug-resistant MCF-7/ADR breast carcinoma cells: a role for MMP-2 collagenase
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Expression of α5β1 integrin in the drug-resistant MCF-7/ADR breast carcinoma cells was inhibited by treatment of these cells with α5-specific siRNA. The decrease of α5β1 expression resulted in a sharp decrease of expression of MMP-2 collagenase and inhibition of invasion activity of these cells in vitro. Similar decrease of invasion was also observed during inhibition of MMP-2 expression by treatment of these cells with MMP-2-specific siRNA. Inhibition of α5β1 expression was also accompanied by significant decrease in cell content of active (phosphorylated) forms of signal protein kinases Akt and Erk1/2. Inhibition of activity of these kinases by treatment of cells with PI-3K/Akt-specific inhibitor LY294002 or Erk-specific inhibitor PD98059 resulted in inhibition of MMP-2 expression and the decrease of invasion in vitro. These data suggest that α5β1 controls invasion ability of these cells by regulating expression of MMP-2, which involves PI-3K and Erk1/2 protein kinase signaling.
Key wordsintegrins signal protein kinases matrix proteases metastasis invasion
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