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Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 73, Issue 7, pp 733–741 | Cite as

Evolution of cell interactions with extracellular matrix during carcinogenesis

  • A. Y. AlexandrovaEmail author
Review

Abstract

Interaction of cells with extracellular matrix (ECM) largely defines migration capacity of cells and ways of their dissemination in normal tissue processes and during tumor progression. We review current knowledge about structure of cell adhesions with ECM and their alterations during carcinogenesis. We analyze how changes in structure of cell—matrix adhesions and ECM itself lead to acquisition of neoplastic properties by cells. Modern concepts of tumor cell motility and changes in the relationships of cells with ECM during tumor development are presented. Contemporary approaches for influencing the cell—ECM adhesion structures for inhibition of invasion and metastasis are briefly discussed.

Key words

focal adhesions actin cytoskeleton extracellular matrix cell migration invasion 

Abbreviations

ECM

extracellular matrix

EMT

epithelial-mesenchymal transition

FAK

focal adhesion kinase

FC/FA

focal contacts/focal adhesion

MAT

mesenchymal-amoeboid transition

MMP

matrix metalloproteases

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Copyright information

© MAIK Nauka 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Carcinogenesis, Blokhin Russian Cancer Research CenterRussian Academy of Medical SciencesMoscowRussia

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