Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 73, Issue 4, pp 470–478 | Cite as

Effect of amino acids on X-ray-induced hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radical formation in water and 8-oxoguanine in DNA

  • I. N. Shtarkman
  • S. V. Gudkov
  • A. V. Chernikov
  • V. I. BruskovEmail author


Generation of hydrogen peroxide and hydroxyl radicals in L-amino acid solutions in phosphate buffer, pH 7.4, under X-ray irradiation was determined by enhanced chemiluminescence in the luminol-p-iodophenol-peroxidase system and using the fluorescent probe coumarin-3-carboxylic acid, respectively. Amino acids are divided into three groups according to their effect on the hydrogen peroxide formation under irradiation: those decreasing yield of H2O2, having no effect, and increasing its yield. All studied amino acids at 1 mM concentration decrease the yield of hydroxyl radicals in solution under X-ray irradiation. However, the highest effect is observed in the order: Cys > His > Phe = Met = Trp > Tyr. At Cys, Tyr, and His concentrations close to physiological, the yield of hydroxyl radicals decreases significantly. Immunoenzyme analysis using monoclonal antibodies to 8-oxoguanine (8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine) was applied to study the effect of amino acids with the most pronounced antioxidant properties (Cys, Met, Tyr, Trp, Phe, His, Lys, Arg, Pro) on 8-oxoguanine formation in vitro under X-ray irradiation. It is shown that amino acids decrease the content of 8-oxoguanine in DNA. These amino acids within DNA-binding proteins may protect intracellular DNA against oxidative damage caused by formation of reactive oxygen species in conditions of moderate oxidative stress.

Key words

amino acids X-ray irradiation hydrogen peroxide hydroxyl radicals antioxidants 8-oxoguanine in DNA 



2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)


coumarin-3-carboxylic acid


dose reduction factor


dose variation factor


electron paramagnetic resonance


long-lived protein radicals


7-hydroxy-coumarin-3-carboxylic acid


reactive oxygen species


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Copyright information

© MAIK Nauka 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. N. Shtarkman
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. V. Gudkov
    • 1
  • A. V. Chernikov
    • 1
  • V. I. Bruskov
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Theoretical and Experimental BiophysicsRussian Academy of SciencesPushchino, Moscow RegionRussia
  2. 2.Pushchino State UniversityPushchino, Moscow RegionRussia

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