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Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 72, Issue 11, pp 1161–1178 | Cite as

Noncoding RNAs

  • J. A. Makarova
  • D. A. KramerovEmail author
Review

Abstract

There has been substantial progress in studies on non-protein-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) during the last decade. Due to the development of new experimental approaches, a wide variety of such molecules have been found. This review considers the major groups of eukaryotic ncRNAs successfully studied in recent years. In particular, snoRNAs and scaRNAs involved in RNA modification and also miRNAs, siRNAs, tasiRNAs, and piRNAs responsible for RNA silencing are discussed. The transcripts of SINEs and SINE-like genes are considered separately.

Key words

ncRNA SRA RNA 7SK RNA NRSE RNA snoRNA scaRNA miRNA tasiRNA piRNA BC1 RNA BC200 RNA 4.5S RNA 

Abbreviations

bp

base pair

dsRNA

double-stranded RNA

GTA

genomic tiling arrays

miRNAs

microRNAs

ncRNAs

noncoding RNAs

NRSE

neuron-restrictive silencer element

nt

nucleotides

UTR

untranslated region

piRNAs

Piwi-interacting RNAs

rasiRNAs

repeat-associated siRNAs

RNP

ribonucleoproteins

scaRNAs

small Cajal body-specific RNAs

SINE

short interspersed elements

siRNAs

small interfering RNAs

snRNAs

small nuclear RNAs

snoRNAs

small nucleolar RNAs

SRA

steroid receptor activator

tasiRNAs

transacting siRNAs

TGS

transcriptional gene silencing

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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engelhardt Institute of Molecular BiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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